Peppermint Oil (Herbs/Suppl)

Brand and Other Names:aetheroleum, balm mint, more...black peppermint, brandy mint, curled mint, feuilles de menthe, mentha piperita, menthe poivree, Our Lady's mint, white peppermint
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Suggested Dosing

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

0.2-0.4 ml PO TID between meals

Inhaled for Postoperative Nausea

0.2 mL in 2 mL of isotonic saline

Topical for Tension Headaches

Apply topically PRN q15-30min

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Suggested Uses

Colic, common cold, dysmenorrhea, indigestion, inflammation of mouth/pharynx, irritable bowel syndrome, nausea/vomiting, pain, respiratory infections, tension headaches

Efficacy

Possibly effective for listed uses

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Adverse Effects

Frequency Not Defined

Allergic reactions

Burning mouth syndrome

Diarrhea

Flushing

Headache

Heartburn

Mouth ulcers

From Topical Use: Bronchospasm (peds)

Contact dermatitis

Laryngospasm (peds)

Respiratory collapse

Skin irritation

From Overdose: Acute renal failure

Interstitial nephritis

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Warnings

Contraindications

Achlorhydria (enteric coated caps), infants, children

Cautions

Hiatal hernia

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Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category: avoid use

Lactation: avoid use

Pregnancy Categories

A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA:Information not available.

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Pharmacology

Metabolism: N/A

Excretion: N/A

Mechanism of Action

Menthol, flavonoids, azulene: spasmolytic, stim. bile production

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