Bilberry (Herbs/Suppl)

Brand and Other Names:airelle, black whortles, more...burren myrtle, dyeberry, huckleberry, hurtleberry, myrtilli fructus, trackleberry, vaccinium myrtillus, whortleberry, wineberry
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Suggested Dosing

Dried Ripe Berries

20-60 g/d PO

Extract

160 mg PO BID; contains 25% anthocyanosides

Tea

1 cup PO; 1 g dried leaf/150 ml water

Topical

Apply 10% decoction topically PRN; dried berries boiled in water for decoction

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Suggested Uses

Angina, atherosclerosis, circulatory problems, degenerative retinal conditions, diarrhea, mouth/throat inflammation (topical), retinopathy, varicose veins

Efficacy

Clinical studies show bilberry effective for diarrhea & retinopathy

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Adverse Effects

Frequency Not Defined

Cachexia

Anemia

Icterus

Excitation at high doses (animal studies)

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Warnings

Contraindications

None reported

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Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category: N/A

Lactation: N/A

Pregnancy Categories

A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA:Information not available.

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Pharmacology

Metabolism: N/A

Excretion: N/A

Mechanism of Action

Anthocyanosides are powerful antioxidants, with particular affinity for retina

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