adult: 15 mL (1 tablespoon) PO QID x3-5day (Sambucol, Nature's Way)
children: 15 mL (1 tablespoon) PO BID x3day
175 mg PO QID x2d
leaves are used for bruises, sprains, wounds, & burns
Elderberry daily value not established, see individual product
Elderberry should be started within 24-28 hours of symptom onset.
Treatment & Prevention of
common cold, cough & flu symptoms, sinusitis, immunostimulant, mouth ulcers, tonsillitis
reduces damaging effects of LDL & protects as an antioxidant
Leaves, Topical Application
Treatment of bruises, sprains, wounds, burns & chilblains, mouthwash for mouth ulcers
Demonstrated effective in symptom reduction and prophylaxis of cold, flu, URI
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Frequency Not Defined
Nausea/vomiting (consumption of raw berries)
Consumption of all green plant parts
Do not eat raw: mild cyanide toxicity is destroyed by cooking
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: N/A
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Antioxidant: free radical protection; anthocyanin protection against cellular aging
Flavonoids: therapeutic activity
Elderberry extract: reduces damaging effects of LDL cholesterol
- Treatment & reduction of symptoms & prophylaxis of cold, flu, cough & mouth ulcers