Cranberry (Herbs/Suppl)Brand and Other Names:American cranberry, black cranberry, more...European cranberry, low cranberry, mossberry, Oxycoccus macrocarpus, trailing swamp cranberry, Vaccinium edule, Vaccinium erythrocarpum, vaccinium macrocarpon, Vaccinium occycoccus, Vaccinium vitis

 
 
 

Suggested Dosing

UTI, Prevention

Juice

  • Cranberry juice cocktail (26% cranberry juice): 10-16 oz/day PO
  • Cranberry juice: 15 mL BID PO

Capsule

  • 400 mg BID PO

Urinary Deodorizer for Incontinent Patients

Cranberry juice cocktail

  • 3-6 oz/day PO
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Suggested Uses

UTI (prevention), urinary deodorizer for incontinent patients, type 2 diabetes, chronic fatigue syndrome, scurvy, pleurisy, as a diuretic, antiseptic, antipyretic, & cancer

Efficacy

Studies show significant reduction in the risk of recurrent UTI's in the elderly, hospitalized patients, and pregnant women

No reliable evidence shows effectiveness for treating UTI

Urinary odor: Preliminary research shows there may be a reduction in urinary odor in patients receiving oral cranberry

Diabetes: Clinical studies show NO improvement in fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, fructosamine, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol, or LDL cholesterol levels in patients with type 2 diabetes

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Interactions

Interaction Checker

Cranberry and

No Results

     
     activity indicator 
    No Interactions Found
    Interactions Found

    Contraindicated

      Serious - Use Alternative

        Significant - Monitor Closely

          Minor

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            Adverse Effects

            GI upset, diarrhea, kidney stones at high doses

            Increased risk of cancer oxalate uroliths in predisposed patients

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            Warnings

            Contraindications

            History of kidney stones

            Cautions

            Atrophic gastritis, hypochlorhydria

            Potential interaction with warfarin & increased bleeding risk

            Potential hypersensitivity

            No evidence for efficacy in treatment

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            Pregnancy & Lactation

            Pregnancy Category: avoid use

            Lactation: avoid use

            Pregnancy Categories

            A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

            B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

            C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

            D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

            X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

            NA:Information not available.

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            Pharmacology

            Metabolism: N/A

            Excretion: N/A

            Mechanism of Action

            Proanthocyanidins, other compounds prevent bacterial adherence to urothelium

            Does not significantly decrease urine pH

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