Follow Mfr's instructions
Extract: 0.5-1 mL PO TID
GI problems (flatulence, dyspepsia), bronchitis, other respiratory problems, cancer, influenza
Efficacy: animal studies only
Frequency Not Defined
GI problems (eg, diarrhea, nausea/vomiting) (rare)
Swelling of lips (rare)
Pregnancy (may be abortifacient), bleeding disorder, epilepsy, blood pressure problems
May cause GI upset
Contains coumarin-like substances, may incr risk of bleeding if given with anticoagulants
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: N/A avoid
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Unclear; may contain antimicrobials that help reduce flatulence