Tincture: 1-4 mL PO TID in water
Otherwise follow Mfr's instructions
Respiratory problems, eg cough, cold, bronchitis
Uterine d/o, rheumatism
Efficacy: not proven
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, arrythmia
Overdose can lead to death d/t respiratory paralysis or heart failure
History of heart disease
Hormone dependent neoplasia
Large amounts ingested can be toxic, even fatal
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: contraindicated
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
May have antiinflammatory properties that relieves respiratory problems & rheumatism
May have actions similar to estrogen that palliates uterine problems