Cut or Powdered Root
0.6-3 g PO qDay-TID
Brewed Root Tea
3 g PO qDay-TID
900 mg PO TID
Topically cream applied 1 hour prior to intercouse and washed off before intercourse has been used
200 mg PO qDay
100-300 mg extract TID for 3-4 weeks
Extract standardized to 7% ginsenosides
Adaptogen: adapt to internal/external stressors, fight fatigue, increase stamina
Anxiety, athletic/physical stamina enhancement, cognitive function, enhancement, depression, fertility (male), headaches, immunostimulant, menopausal hot-flashes, impotence
Possibly effective in cognitive function, diabetes, erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation
Possibly ineffective for athletic performance, menopausal symptoms and quality of life
Insufficient reliable evidence to rate breast cancer, bronchitis, cancer, common cold, congestive heart failure and influenza
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Frequency Not Defined
Allergic skin reactions
Bleeding disorders, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, endometriosis, estrogen-dependent malignancies, diabetes, hormone sensitive conditions, hypertension, hypersensitivity, neonates, organ transplant recipients, ovarian cancer, pregnancy, thromboembolic disorders, uterine fibroids
Cardiovascular disease, concurrent CYP2D6 substrates, diabetes mellitus, insomnia, peds, schizophrenia
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: X
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Ginsenosides have many different effects, and varying concentrations
Some ADRs caused by contaminants