See Mfr's instructions
Cancer, arthritis, impotence, urinary frequency
In vitro studies show potential; few clinical trials to verify medicinal claims but pharmaceutical companies have shown interest; used in traditional Asian medicine
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: N/A
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
12-methyltetradecanoic acid, a branched-chain fatty acid isolated from sea cucumber, is thought to inhibit prostate cancer cell proliferation by increasing caspase-3 activity
Philinopside A, a saponin derived from sea cucumber, is antiangiogenic & antineoplastic in vitro presumably by inhibiting tyrosine kinase
Rich in muciopolysaccharides, esp chondroitin sulfate, useful for arthritis