Fenugreek (Herbs/Suppl)

Brand and Other Names:birds foot, bockshornsam, more...chilbe, foenugraeci semen, Greek hay, griechische Heusamen, hu lu ba, methi, trigonella foenum graecum
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Suggested Dosing

Seed

1-2 g PO TID

No more than: 6 g/d

Tea

1 cup mult. times/day; 500 mg seed/150 mL water

Poultice

Apply topically PRN

Paste: 50 g of powdered seed in 0.25-1 L hot water

Diabetes Mellitus, Postprandial Glucose Control

10-15 g PO qDay or in divided doses with meals OR

Hydroalcoholic extract: 1 g PO qDay OR

Seed: 5 g/day PO

Hyperlipidemia

0.6-2.5 g PO BID with meals

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Suggested Uses

Appetite stimulant, atherosclerosis, constipation, diabetes, dyspepsia/gastritis, fevers, kidney ailments, hyperlipidemia/hypertriglyceridemia, lactation promotion, local inflammation (topical)

Efficacy

Diabetes: Reduces postprandial blood glucose in type 1 or 2

Hypercholesterolemia: Conflicting evidence on lowering cholesterol; more studies needed

Hypertriglyceridemia: Preliminary clinical research suggests it may lower triglycerides in type 2 diabetics

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Interactions

Interaction Checker

and Fenugreek

No Results

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    Interactions Found

    Contraindicated

      Serious - Use Alternative

        Significant - Monitor Closely

          Minor

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            Adverse Effects

            Allergic reaction, asthma, diarrhea, flatulence, hypoglycemia, wheezing, unusual body odor (peds), loss of consciousness (peds)

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            Warnings

            Contraindications

            Hypersensitivity

            Pediatric patients

            Cautions

            Diabetes mellitus

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            Pregnancy & Lactation

            Pregnancy Category: avoid use

            Lactation: avoid use

            Pregnancy Categories

            A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

            B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

            C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

            D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

            X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

            NA:Information not available.

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            Pharmacology

            Metabolism: N/A

            Excretion: N/A

            Mechanism of Action

            Foenugracein and other components decr postprandial glucose, glucagon, somatostatin, insulin, total cholesterol, & triglycerides, while increasing HDL

            Fiber and mucilage slow GI absorption of glucose& cholesterol

            Steroidal saponins inhibit GI cholesterol absorption

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