Steep 2-4 g in 150 mL boiling water
1 cup of tea PO TID
2-4 g PO TID
Average daily dose 6 g/day
Liquid extract (1:1 in 25% alcohol
2-4 mL PO TID
Appetite loss, fever, high blood pressure, kidney stones, diabetes, dyspepsia, worms, snake bite, jaundice, freckles and spots
Insufficient reliable information. More studies needed
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: consult physician
Lactation: consult physician
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Stimulates production of saliva & gastric juices