Echinacea (Herbs/Suppl)

Brand and Other Names:black sampson, black Susans, more...Brauneria angustifolia, Brauneria pallida, Brauneria spp, Echinacea angustifolia, Echinacea pallida, Echinacea purpurea, Indian head, purple cone flower, red sunflower
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Suggested Dosing

Oral

Herb juice

  • 6-9 ml PO daily OR
  • 20 gtts PO q2hr x 24 hours then TID

Crude herb extract

  • 2 tabs (6.78mg) PO TID

Echinacea pallida root tincture

  • 900 mg PO daily

Herbal compound tea

  • 5-6 cups PO on day 1, THEN
  • Decrease by 1 cup/day over 5 days]

No more than 8 weeks continuous use

Topical

Apply to affected area

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Suggested Uses

Common cold, herpes simplex infection (topical), immunostimulant, psoriasis (topical), upper respiratory tract infections (viral), urinary tract infections, vaginal candidiasis, skin wounds (topical), skin ulcers (topical)

Efficacy

Demonstrated effective in symptom reduction and prophylaxis of cold, flu, URI

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Interactions

Interaction Checker

and Echinacea

No Results

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    Interactions Found

    Contraindicated

      Serious - Use Alternative

        Significant - Monitor Closely

          Minor

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            Adverse Effects

            Frequency Not Defined

            Abdominal pain

            Allergic reactions

            Altered fertility

            Diarrhea

            Dizziness

            Erythema (topical use)

            Exanthema (topical use)

            Fever

            Nausea/vomiting

            Pruritis (topical use)

            Sore throat

            Unpleasant taste

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            Warnings

            Contraindications

            Hypersensivity to Asteraceae/Compositae plants, chrysanthemums, daisies, marigolds, ragweed

            Autoimmune disorders, collagenosis/collagen disease, HIV/AIDS, leukosis, multiple sclerosis, tuberculosis

            Cautions

            Atopic conditions, concurrent CYP 3A4 substrates, pregnancy

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            Pregnancy & Lactation

            Pregnancy Category: N/A

            Lactation: N/A

            Pregnancy Categories

            A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

            B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

            C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

            D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

            X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

            NA:Information not available.

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            Pharmacology

            Mechanism of Action

            Echinacosides: stimulate T-lymphocyte and interferon production; inhibit hyaluronidase

            Polysaccharides: Cytotoxic against tumor cells

            Glycosides: Mild antibacterial

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