1 cup PO TID; 1-2 g dried flowers/150 ml water
0.5-1 ml PO TID; 1:1 in 40% alcohol
0.3-1.2 ml PO TID; 1:5 in 90% alcohol
Apply topically PRN
Antispasmodic, cancers, conjunctivitis, dysmenorrhea, fever, hemorrhoids, inflammation (oral), leg ulcers, peptic ulcers, wounds
Effective for burn healing; possibly effective in wound healing
Frequency Not Defined
Hypersensitivity to Asteraceae plants (ragweed, etc), chrysanthemums, daisies, marigolds
Concurrent sedative agents
WARNING: use flower extract, not whole herb
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: N/A
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Triterpenoids, flavonoids (esp. flavonol glycosides): anti-inflammatory, bactericidal