Dosing & Uses
Dosage Forms & Strengths
Progestin only oral contraceptive
1 tablet (0.35mg) PO qDay
Take at same time each day; use additional contraception x48 hours if dose >3 hours late
Administration is continuous; no interruption between pill packs
Initiate first pill pack on 1st day of menses or day after miscarriage or abortion
Pre-menarche: Not recommended
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Frequency Not Defined
Change in menstrual flowSpotting
Deep vein thrombosis
Gastrointestinal disorders: Vomiting, abdominal pain
General disorders and administration site conditions: Fatigue, edema
Psychiatric disorders: Depression, nervousness
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Pain in extremity
Reproductive system and breast disorders: Genital discharge; breast pain, menstruation delayed, suppressed lactation, vaginal hemorrhage, menorrhagia, withdrawal bleed when product is stopped
Immune system disorders: Anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reaction, hypersensitivity
Hepatobiliary disorders: Hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Alopecia, rash, pruritic rash
Arterial thromboembolic disease (stroke, MI), thrombophlebitis, DVT/PE, thrombogenic valvular disease
Liver disease, liver tumors
Undiagnosed abnormal vaginal bleeding
Jaundice with prior oral contraceptive use
Malignancy of breast or genital organs
Missed abortion or as diagnostic test for pregnancy
Family history of breast cancer and or DVT/PE, current/history of depression, endometriosis, DM, HTN, bone mineral density changes, renal/hepatic impairment, bone metabolic disease, SLE; conditions exacerbated by fluid retention (eg, migraine, asthma, epilepsy).
Discontinue if the following develop jaundice, visual problems associated with retinal vascular lesions (may cause contact lens intolerance), any signs of VTE, migraine with unusual severity, significang blood pressure increase, severe depression, increased risk of thromboembolic complications after surgery.
Rare hepatic adenomas and focal modular hyperplasia, resulting in fatal intra-abdominal hemorrhage reported with therapy
Irregular menstrual bleeding is common with progestin only contraceptives; rule out nonpharmacologic causes of abnormal bleeding
Discontinue 4 week before major surgery or prolonged immobilization.
Patients on warfarin, oral anticoagulants (increase in anticoagulant dose may be warranted).
Not for use prior to menarche
Some studies link OCP use with increased risk of breast cancer, whereas other studies have not shown a change in risk. Woman's risk depends on conditions where naturally high hormone levels persist for long periods of time including early onset menstruation before age 12, late onset menopause, after age 55, first child after age 30, nulliparity.
Increased risk of cervical cancer with OCP use, however HPV remains as main risk factor for this cancer. Evidence suggests long-term use of OCPs, 5 or more years, may be associated with increased risk. Increased risk of liver cancer with OCP use; risk increases with longer duration of OCP use.
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: X
Lactation: Excreted in breast milk; use caution
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Progestin; inhibits secretion of gonadotropins from pituitary gland; prevents follicular maturation & ovulation, stimulates growth of mammary tissues
Peak Plasma Time: 1-2 hr
Vd: 4 L/kg
Protein Bound: 61%
Metabolites: Sulfate and glucuronide metabolites (inactive)
Half-Life: 4-13 hr
Excretion: Urine 33-81%; feces 35-43%
Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.
Adding plans allows you to:
- View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
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- Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
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The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.
|1||This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.|
|2||This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.|
|3||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.|
|4||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|5||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|6||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|NC||NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.|
Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.