Pruitis & pain: 3-11% ointment applied TID-QID
Cough: Thick layer of 4.7-5.3% ointment applied to throat & chest
Osteoarthritis: Topical combo product containing camphor (32 mg/g), glucosamine sulfate (30 mg/g), and chondroitin sulfate (50 mg/g) applied PRN x 8 weeks
1 tablespoon solution per quart of water in a steam vaporizer TID
American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that topical camphor products not exceed 11% camphor AND
Recommend that camphor not be used in treating children orally
Ingestion of camphor can cause significant toxicity including death
Expectorant, antiflatulent, & treatment of respiratory tract infections
Pain, warts, cold sores, hemorrhoids, osteoarthritis, antipruitic, increase local blood flow, counterirritant
Active ingredient in many over-the-counter cough & cold remedies
Cough: FDA approved topical antitussive
Pain: FDA approved topical analgesic & anesthetic
Pruitus: FDA approved
Osteoarthritis: Symptom relief likely when applied topically
External application can cause skin irritation (eczema) or lead to poisoning through inhalation
See camphor toxicity
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: no harmful effects known
Lactation: no harmful effects known
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
External: stimulates circulation
Inhalation: reduces bronchial secretions
PO: combats bronchial spasms, improves breathing, promotes circulation