4-6 g/d div TID PO
1 cup several times daily. Steep or simmer 1.5-3 grams of the dried plant in 150 mL boiling water for 5-10 minutes and then strain
Bronchitis, cough, fever, dyspepsia, appetite loss, sore throat, vomiting
Has antiinflammatory, antiemetic & demulcent activity
Reportedly also a galactogogue
None at routine doses
GI irritation & liver problems (if used in excessive doses & for prolonged periods)
In rare cases, external use can trigger sensitivity reactions
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: no adverse effects known
Lactation: no adverse effects known
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Organic acids help soothe inflammation & fight infection
Rich in mucilages - demulcent action helps in GI problems