10 g tablets PO plus 100 mL liquid extract qDay
Increased Chemo/Radiation tolerability in patients with brain tumors
Up to 20 g PO qDay plus 150 mL liquid extract
Cancer prevention, hyperlipidemia, drug/toxin detoxification, fibromyalgia, reducing radiation treatment side effects, stimulating the immune system, improving response to flu vaccine, preventing colds, protecting the body against toxic metals, & slowing aging process
Animal studies have demonstrated antitumor, hypolipidemic & detoxifying abilities; convincing human studies lacking
Fibromyalgia: Preliminary clinical research shows subjective improvements in general symptoms. More studies are needed
Glioma: Early research suggests increased tolerance to chemo/radiation, possibly through improved immune system. More studies are needed
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Allergic reactions, photosensitivity
Some supplements may be rich in vitamin K
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: avoid
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Metabolism: no studies but lipids & carbohydrates should follow normal metabolic processes
Mechanism of Action
Antitumor activity may be mediated by immunopotentiation
Mechanism of hypolipidemic & detoxifying effects unknown