Dosing & Uses
Dosage Forms & Strengths
Solution: 1-2 drops instilled into conjunctival sac(s) q2hr with patient awake on days 1-2, then 1-2 drops q4hr with patient awake on days 3-7
Ointment: 0.5-in. (1.25-cm) ribbon applied into conjunctival sac q8hr on days 1-2, then 0.5-in. (1.25-cm) ribbon q12hr on days 3-7
Corneal Ulcers (Keratitis)
Solution: 2 drops q15min for 6 hours, then 2 drops q30min for remainder of day 1, then 2 drops q1hr on day 2, and finally 2 drops q4hr on days 3-14
Ointment: Not indicated for keratitis
Dosage Forms & Strengths
<1 year: Safety and efficacy not established
>1 year (solution): 1-2 drops instilled into conjunctival sac(s) q2hr with patient awake on days 1-2, then 1-2 drops q4hr with patient awake on days 3-7
>2 years (ointment): 0.5-in. (1.25-cm) ribbon applied into conjunctival sac q8hr on days 1-2, then 0.5-in. (1.25-cm) ribbon q12hr on days 3-7
Ciprofloxacin precipitate in superficial portion of corneal defect
Crystals or scales on eyelashes
Keratopathy or keratitis
Lid margin crusting
Unpleasant taste after instillation
Decrease in vision
Resistance to ciprofloxacin
Hypersensitivity to quinolones or any component of product
May result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi
Careful monitoring, including slit-lamp microscopy and fluorescein staining when appropriate, may be necessary in some patients receiving ophthalmic ciprofloxacin therapy
Contact lenses should be removed before administration
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy category: C
Lactation: Drug is distributed into milk; use with caution
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Bactericidal; inhibits DNA gyrase, inhibits relaxation of supercoiled DNA, and causes breakage of double-stranded DNA
Absorbed through cornea into aqueous humor; absorption enhanced in presence of ocular inflammation or epithelial defects; some systemic absorption
Partially metabolized in liver to at least 4 metabolites; metabolites have less microbiologic activity than ciprofloxacin, but their activity may be similar to or greater than that of other quinolones
Enzymes inhibited: Hepatic CYP1A2
Half-life: 3-5 hr
Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.
Adding plans allows you to:
- View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
- Manage and view all your plans together – even plans in different states.
- Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
- Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.
The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.
|1||This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.|
|2||This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.|
|3||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.|
|4||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|5||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|6||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|NC||NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.|
Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.