3 g/d fermented in tea
1050 mg extract BID-TID
Standardized to 0.14% adenosine
Enhance athletic performance
Strengthen immune response; treatment of liver disorders
Insufficent reliable evidence to rate use in chemotherpay, aminoglycoside induced nephrotoxicity, cyclosporine induced nephrotoxicity and hepatitis B
Possibly ineffective for athletic performance
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: N/A
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Stim WBCs and interleukins; possibly cytotoxic to cancer cells
Increase ATP level in cells