phosphorated carbohydrate (OTC)

Brand and Other Names:Emetrol
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatricGeriatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

dextrose/fructose/phosphoric acid

solution, oral

  • 1.87g/1.87g/21.5mg/5mL
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Nausea

15-30 mL PO q15min until vomiting stops; not to exceed 5 doses/hr

Nausea

<2 years old: Safety and efficacy not established

2-12 years old: 5-10 ml PO q15min until vomiting stops; not to exceed 5 doses/hr

>12 years old: 15-30 mL PO q15min until vomiting stops; not to exceed 5 doses/hr

Nausea

15-30 mL PO q15min until vomiting stops; not to exceed 5 doses/hr

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Adverse Effects

Frequency Not Defined

Abdominal pain

Diarrhea

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Warnings

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity, diabetes, fructose intolerance

Cautions

Avoid in diabetic patients (carbohydrate content)

Do not ingest fluids at least 15 min after taking product

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Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category: NA

Lactation: no studies

Pregnancy Categories

A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA:Information not available.

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Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Hyperosmolar carbohydrate solution that has a direct effect on the GI tract wall; reduces GI smooth muscle contraction

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