Check Mfr's instructions
Extract (100:1): 25 mg PO q2-3day recommended by one Mfr
Full-spectrum Powder: 200 mg PO qD or 400 mg PO qOD
Enhancement of male sexual function
Also has been used as antimalarial
Animal studies show some positive results for male sexual function enhancement; no human clinical trials
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Insomnia, irritability, restlessness
Prostate cancer, male breast cancer, DM, heart disease, sleep apnea, kidney disease
May decrease blood glucose levels
May cause severe insomnia esp in high doses
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: avoid
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Apparently increases testosterone levels