Follow Mfr's instructions
Not considered safe
Unproven, may be harmful
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Kidney damage, anemia, appetite loss, nerve/muscle damage, death
Risk of kidney damage, esp with inorganic germanium
May exacerbate seizures
Numerous harmful side effects
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: do not use
Lactation: do not use
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Claimed to increase oxygen delivery to cells