Dosing & Uses
Dosage Forms & Strengths
capsule, extended release
Angina Pectoris (Prophylaxis)
ER capsule: Initial 2.5-6.5 mg PO q6-8hr
Titrate up to effec dose until limited by SE
CrCl: 10-50 mg/min: Administer q24-72hr
CrCl<10 mL/min: Administer q72-96hr
Not FDA approved
Angina Pectoris (Prophylaxis)
ER capsule: Initial 2.5-6.5 mg PO q6-8hrTitrate up to effec dose until limited by SE
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Prolonged bleeding time
Hypersensitivity, acute MI, severe anemia
Recent use (within several days) of PDE-5 inhibitors (eg, avanafil, sildenafil, tadalafil, or vardenafil) may cause dangerously low hypotension; the time course of the interaction appears to be related to the PDE-5 inhibitor half-life
Riociguat; coadministration may cause hypotension
Narrow angle glaucoma (controversial: may not be clinically significant)
MI or CHF, alcohol use, increased ICP (eg, head trauma, cerebral hemorrhage; potential contraindication), hyperthyroidism, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, increased IOP, postural hypotension, volume depletion, low systolic BP
Do not change brands unintentionally as not all are bioequivalent Treat drug-induced headache with aspirin or acetaminophen
Provide nitrate-free interval (10-12 hr or overnight) to avoid development of tolerance
Angina long term prophylaxis, NOT for acute relief
Lack of burning/tingling does not indicate loss of potency
Discontinue if blurred vision occurs
Use supportive treatment in overdose
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: C
Lactation: not known whether the drug crosses into breast milk, use caution
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Organic nitrate which causes systemic venodilation, decreasing preload
Cellular mechanism: nitrate enters vascular smooth muscle and converted to nitric oxide (NO) leading to activation of cGMP & vasodilation
Relaxes smooth muscle via dose-dependent dilation of arterial and venous beds to reduce both preload and afterload, and myocardial O2 demand
Also improves coronary collateral circulation. Lower BP, increase HR, occasional paradoxical bradycardia
onset: within 1- hr4
Duration antianginal effects: Up to 12 hr
Protein Bound: 11-60%
Vd: 3 L/kg
Metabolism: Liver, extrahepatic sites: vascular wall, RBC
Metabolites: 1,3-glyceryl dinitrate, 1,2-glyceryl dinitrate, & glyceryl mononitrate (inactive)
Clearance: 5.5-11 L/min
Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.
Adding plans allows you to:
- View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
- Manage and view all your plans together – even plans in different states.
- Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
- Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.
The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.
|1||This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.|
|2||This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.|
|3||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.|
|4||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|5||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|6||This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.|
|NC||NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.|
Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.