Apply topically PRN
See also hamamelis water
Inflammation of skin, mucous membranes
Effective for itching/irritation; possibly effective for skin/mucous membrane inflammation
Frequency Not Defined
If ingested, tannins may cause nausea, vomiting, or liver damage
Hypersensitivity, oral use
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: N/A
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Tannins: astringent, anti-inflammatory, styptic