No Typical Dosage
Capsule: 1-6 g whole herb PO qDay
Tea form: 3 cups qD (1-6g whole herb)
Tincture: 2-4 mL PO TID
Adaptogen: adapt to internal/external stressors, fight fatigue, increase stamina
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: X
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Withanolides, ipuranol, withaniol anti-inflammatory, decrease BP, resp. stimulation, smooth muscle relaxation