1 mg PO qDay
10-20 mg PO qDay
5 mg PO TID with meals
Amytrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
40 mg PO qDay
Enhance physical endurance
Lower cholesterol & increase HDL
Small clinical studies suggest some benefit regarding endurance & Parkinson's Disease
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: N/A
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Excretion: feces, metabolites in urine
Mechanism of Action
Long chain aliphatic alcohol; may improve oxygen utilization by muscle cells, lower lactic acid accumulation during exercise