Rosemary Leaf (Dyspepsia, High BP, & Rheumatism)
as tea: 1-3 cups/d (steep 1-2g in 150 mL water)
2-4 mL PO TID (1:1 in 45% alcohol)
Essential Oil: doses up to 0.1-1 mL (6-10% essential oil), massage scalp for 2 minutes
Bronchial asthma, peptic ulcer, prostate d/o, inflammatory disease, liver toxicity, atherosclerosis, stroke, ischemic heart disease, cataract, leukemia, sperm motility
Anticancer & antitumor activity
Enhances mental function & memory
Dyspepsia, high BP, & rheumatism
Promotes menstrual flow
Antibacterial, antifungal, & antiviral agent
Approved for dyspepsia, hypertension, alopecia & rheumatism by German Commission E
Frequency Not Defined
Ingestion of large amounts can result in stomach & intestinal irritation & kidney damage
Emmenagogue & abortifacient
Pregnancy (permissible as food)
Ingestion of large quantities: stomach & intestinal irritation, kidney damage, toxicity
Risk of autoimmune dz
Allergic contact dermatitis, although not generally considered to be a human sensitizer
Convulsant/epileptogenic properties: may cause seizures
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: avoid dosages above those found in food b/c safety & efficacy unknown
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action