6 g/day PO
Essential oil should not be used because of toxicity
Potency of commercial preparations may vary, follow mfr's directions
When using as diuretic, drink plenty of fluid
Kidney & bladder stones, UTI, gastrointestinal disorders, constipation, jaundice, flatulence, indigestion, colic, diabetes, cough, asthma, edema, osteoarthritis, anemia, hypertension, prostate conditions, and spleen conditions
Insufficient reliable studies to determine effectiveness. More studies needed
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
None at reported doses
Not recommended for water retention due to heart or kidney condition
Pregnancy (potential abortifacient)
Refined oil is too toxic for medicinal use
High doses can cause severe intestinal, uterine & bladder contractions-contact PCC if overdosage is suspected
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: contraindicated (medicinal doses)
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Parsley leaf & root help flush excess water from the body (probably due to its volatile oils myristicin & apiol)