4 g whole herb steeped 10 min hot water, TID-QID
770 mg dried extract PO BID
Mild diuretic (sap), decr BPH symptoms (root)
Possibly effective for listed uses
Serious - Use Alternative
Significant - Monitor Closely
May cause allergic reaction (rare)
Diabetes, impaired cardiac or renal function
Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy Category: N/A
A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.
B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.
C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.
D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.
X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.
NA:Information not available.
Mechanism of Action
Anti-inflammatory & hyperglycemic effects
Significant vit C, vit K, K+, Ca++ content