acetaminophen/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine (OTC)

Brand and Other Names:Tylenol Cold Day Non-Drowsy, Tylenol Flu Non-Drowsy Maximum Strength, more...Alka-Seltzer Plus Cold Non-Drowsy
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

acetaminophen/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine

capsule

  • 325mg/15mg/30mg

gelcap

  • 500mg/15mg/30mg
more...

Symptomatic Relief of Cough & Congestion

Based on acetaminophen component: 325 mg PO q4-8hr PRN; not to exceed 4 g/day

Based on dextromethorphan component: 10-20 mg PO q4-8hr or 30 mg PO q8hr; not to exceed 120 mg/24hours

Based on pseudoephedrine component: 60 mg PO q4hr; not to exceed 360 mg/24hours

Dosage Forms & Strengths

acetaminophen/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine

capsule

  • 325mg/15mg/30mg

gelcap

  • 500mg/15mg/30mg
more...

Symptomatic Relief of Cough & Congestion

Based on acetaminophen component: 10-15 mg/kg/dose PO q4-6hr PRN; not to exceed 5 doses/24hours

Based on dextromethorphan component

  • <6 years old: Ask a pediatrician
  • 6-12 years old: 15 mg PO q6-8hr; not to exceed 60 mg/24hours
  • >12 years old: 10-20 mg PO q4-8hr or 30 mg PO q8hr; not to exceed 120 mg/24hours

Based on pseudoephedrine component

  • <2 years old: Ask a pediatrician
  • 2-6 years old: 15 mg PO q4hr; not to exceed 90 mg/24hours
  • 6-12 years old: 30 mg PO q4hr; not to exceed 180 mg/24hours
  • >12 years old: 60 mg PO q4hr; not to exceed 360 mg/24hours
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Interactions

Interaction Checker

and acetaminophen/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine

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            Adverse Effects

            Frequency Not Defined

            Arrhythmia

            Palpitations

            Convulsion

            Dizziness

            Drowsiness

            Excitability

            Tremor

            Weakness

            Dermatologic rash

            GI disturbances

            Anemia blood dyscrasias (neutropenia, pancytopenia, leukopenia)

            Bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase

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            Warnings

            Contraindications

            Contraindicated in documented hypersensitivity to the drugs or within 14 days of MAO inhibitor therapy; known G-6-PD deficiency

            Cautions

            Caution in cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, prostatic hypertrophy and increased intraocular pressure when taking pseudoephedrine

            Acetaminophen hepatotoxicity possible in chronic alcoholics following various dose levels; severe or recurrent pain or high or continued fever may indicate a serious illness; contained in many OTC products and combined use with these products may result in toxicity due to cumulative doses exceeding recommended maximum dose

            Do not take dextromethorphan for persistent or chronic cough associated with smoking, asthma, or emphysema, or if it is accompanied by excessive phlegm unless directed by a healthcare provider; dextromethorphan may slow the breathing

            Acetaminophen: Risk for rare, but serious skin reactions that can be fatal; these reactions include Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP); symptoms may include skin redness, blisters and rash

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            Pregnancy & Lactation

            Pregnant or breastfeeding patients should seek advice of health professional before using OTC drugs

            Pregnancy Categories

            A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

            B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

            C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

            D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

            X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

            NA:Information not available.

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            Pharmacology

            Mechanism of Action

            Acetaminophen blocks pain impulse generation peripherally and may inhibit the generation of prostaglandin in the CNS. Reduces fever by inhibiting the hypothalamic heat-regulating center.

            Dextromethorphan is a cough suppressant that acts centrally on the cough center in the medulla.

            Pseudoephedrine stimulates the alpha-adrenergic receptors causing bronchodilation and vasoconstriction.

            Pharmacokinetics

            Acetaminophen

            • Peak plasma time: 10-60 min (PO immediate release); 60-120 min (PO extended release); 6 hr (PO 500 mg tablet); 8 hr (PO 650 mg extended release tablet)
            • Vd: 1 L/kg
            • Protein binding: 10-25%
            • Metabolism: Liver (microsomal enzyme systems); conjugation (glucuronic acid)
            • Half-life: 1.25-3hr
            • Excretion: Urine

            Dextromethorphan

            • Onset: 15-30 min
            • Duration: 3-6 hr
            • Metabolism: Hepatic P450 enzyme CYP2D6
            • Excretion: Urine
            • Half-life: 2-4 hr (extensive metabolizers); 24 hr (poor metabolizers)
            • Peak plasma time: 2-3 hr

            Pseudoephedrine

            • Half-Life: 3 hr (children); 9-16 hr (adults)
            • Onset: 30 min (decongestant)
            • Duration: 3-8 hr  
            • Peak PlasmaTime: 1.97 hr
            • Concentration: 422 ng/mL
            • Metabolism: Liver, by N-demethylation
            • Metabolites: Inactive
            • Clearance: 7.3-7.6 mL/min/kg
            • Excretion: Urine (43-96%)
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            Images

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