Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Differential Diagnoses

Updated: Jan 13, 2020
  • Author: Namasivayam Ambalavanan, MD, MBBS; Chief Editor: Muhammad Aslam, MD  more...
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Diagnostic Considerations

Associated confounding problems in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) can be severe, and delayed diagnosis can be catastrophic. For example, if an infant with bronchopulmonary dysplasia and superimposed sepsis is treated with systemic corticosteroids, the infant may have serious complications or death. When steroids (hydrocortisone, dexamethasone) are administered with indomethacin, the risk of spontaneous intestinal perforation is significantly increased.

Careful discussions between parents and caregivers should be undertaken before corticosteroids are given to high-risk infants.

Differential Diagnoses