AS: Aortic Valve Area (DVI)

Estimate aortic valve area

The global unit selector only affects unanswered questions
1.Subvalvular Velocity (LVOT)?
2.Maximum Velocity Across the Valve?
Created by

1. Subvalvular Velocity (LVOT)?

m/s
Created by
0/2 completed

About this Calculator

Derivation of valve area is based the continuity equation which states that the flow passing through the LVOT has to equal the flow through the AV. The Doppler Velocity Index (DVI) is useful for assessing aortic prosthetic valve function as well as screening for valve obstruction. It is calculated as the ratio of the subvalvular velocity obtained by PW Doppler and the maximum velocity obtained by CW Doppler across the prosthetic valve. This peak velocity ratio is dimensionless and does not rely on determination of cross-sectional area of the LVO thus making it less dependent on valve size and especially useful when the valve size is not known.

A ratio <0.23 indicates significant prosthetic stenosis

References

Oh J, Seward JB, Tajik AJ.

The Echo Manual 3rd edition. Lippincott, Williams, Wilkins. 2007

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