AVM Rupture Risk

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About this Calculator

Assuming an annual hemorrhage rate of 2-4% and an average life expectancy of 70 years, the cumulative arteriovenous malformation rupture risk can be calculated with this simple formula.


Kondziolka D, Mclaughlin MR, Kestle JR.

Simple risk predictions for arteriovenous malformation hemorrhage.

Neurosurgery 1995, 37 (5): 851-5

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