Geriatric Depression Scale

A questionnaire to screen for depression in geriatric populations

The global unit selector only affects unanswered questions
1.Ask the following 15 questions of your geriatric patient
2.Are you basically satisfied with your life?
3.Have you dropped many of your activities and interests?
4.Do you feel that your life is empty?
5.Do you often get bored?
6.Are you in good spirits most of the time?
7.Are you afraid that something bad is going to happen to you?
8.Do you feel happy most of the time?
9.Do you often feel helpless?
10.Do you prefer to stay at home, rather than going out and doing new things?
11.Do you feel you have more problems with memory than most?
12.Do you think it is wonderful to be alive now?
13.Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now?
14.Do you feel full of energy?
15.Do you feel that your situation is hopeless?
16.Do you think that most people are better off than you are?
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1. Ask the following 15 questions of your geriatric patient

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About this Calculator

The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was developed as a basic screening tool to assess for depression in older adults.

The GDS uses a simple yes/no response format and is available in 30-, 15-, and 5-item versions though the 15-item version is offered here.

The 15-item version (sensitivity 81 percent, specificity 78 percent) performs better than the 30-item version for identifying late-life depression in primary care.

Although GDS is frequently used by specialists in Geriatric, the PHQ-9 has been shown to perform as well or better in geriatric patients, including those who are cognitively impaired or living in nursing homes.


Brink TL, Yesavage JA, Lum O, Heersema P, Adey MB, Rose TL.

Screening tests for geriatric depression. Clinical Gerontologist 1: 37-44, 1982.

Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, Lum O, Huang V, Adey MB, Leirer VO.

Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: A preliminary report.

Journal of Psychiatric Research, 17 (1): 37-49

Sheikh JI, Yesavage JA.

Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): Recent evidence and development of a shorter version. Clinical Gerontology : A Guide to Assessment and Intervention 165-173, NY: The Haworth Press, 1986.

Sheikh JI, Yesavage JA, Brooks JO, III, Friedman LF, Gratzinger P, Hill RD, Zadeik A, Crook T.

Proposed factor structure of the Geriatric Depression Scale.

International Psychogeriatrics 1991, 3 (1): 23-8

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