Who Five Well Being Index (WHO-5)​

5 questions to measure mental well-being

The global unit selector only affects unanswered questions
1.Over the last two weeks, I have felt cheerful and in good spirits?
2.Over the last two weeks, I have felt calm and relaxed?
3.Over the last two weeks, I have felt active and vigorous?
4.Over the last two weeks, I woke up feeling fresh and rested?
5.Over the last two weeks, My daily life has been filled with things that interest me?
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1. Over the last two weeks, I have felt cheerful and in good spirits?

More Information

Please indicate for each of the five statements which is closest to how you have been feeling over the last two weeks.

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About this Calculator

The 5-item World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5) is among a widely used questionnaire assessing subjective psychological well-being in research and clinical settings. Since its first publication in 1998, the WHO-5 has been translated into more than 30 languages and has been used in research studies all over the world. The scale has been used most extensively in endocrinology, which is explained by the fact that the WHO-5 was developed in a Pan-European study of patients with diabetes. It remains most popular in Europe. The WHO-5 has high clinimetric validity, can be used as an outcome measure balancing the wanted and unwanted effects of treatments, is a sensitive and specific screening tool for depression. Some studies have show it to have a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 83% in identifying depression.

The WHO-5 is focused on subjective quality of life based on positive mood (good spirits, relaxation), vitality (being active and waking up fresh and rested), and general interest (being interested in things). Since it’s design doesn’t incorporate all the diagnostic criteria for a DSM V diagnosis, it alone is insufficient as a diagnostic tool. A score below 50 can indicate poor well-being which may be secondary to a depressive disorder or other etiology and is an indication for further evaluation.

References

Topp CW, Østergaard SD, Søndergaard S, Bech P.

The WHO-5 Well-Being Index: a systematic review of the literature.

Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2015, 84 (3): 167-76

Contributed By:
  • Tarak Patel, MD
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