ammonium lactate (OTC)

Brand and Other Names:AmLactin, Lac Hydrin, more...proxymetacaine
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

cream/lotion

  • 12%
more...

Ichthyosis Vulgaris, Xerosis

Apply to affected areas & rub in thoroughly q12hr

Dosage Forms & Strengths

cream/lotion

  • 12%
more...

Ichthyosis Vulgaris, Xerosis

<12 years: Safety & efficacy not established

>12 years: Apply to affected areas & rub in thoroughly q12hr

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Adverse Effects

>10%

Erythema (20%)

Irritation (15%)

Transient burning/stinging (33%)

Peeling (16%)

1-10%

Dry skin (2%)

Itching (5%)

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Warnings

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity

Cautions

Application on abraded or broken skin, facial application

Minimize/avoid use in parts of body that are exposed to natural/artificial sunlight

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Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category: B

Lactation: Use caution

Pregnancy Categories

A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA:Information not available.

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Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Alphahydroxy acids & their salts are felt to act as humectants when applied on skin

Absorption (6%)

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Images

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Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.