menthol oropharyngeal (OTC)

Brand and Other Names:Halls Warm-Ups
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

oral lozenge

  • 5-5.7mg/lozenge

Oral Anesthetic

Used for temporary relief for pharyngitis or throat irritation due to cough

Dissolve 1 lozenge slowly in mouth; may repeat q2hr PRN

Dosage Forms & Strengths

oral lozenge

  • 5-5.7mg/lozenge

Oral Anesthetic

Used for temporary relief for pharyngitis or throat irritation due to cough

<5 years: Safety and efficacy not established

≥5 years: Dissolve 1 lozenge slowly in mouth; may repeat q2hr PRN

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Warnings

Contraindications

Allergy to soy or other ingredients

Cautions

Consult physician if sore throat is severe, persists for more than 2 days, is accompanied or followed by fever, headache, rash, swelling, nausea, or vomiting

Consult physician if cough persists for >1 week or recurs

Consult physician if sore throat does not improve in 7 days

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Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy Category: B

Lactation: Unknown whether distributed in breast milk

Pregnant or breastfeeding patients should seek advice of health professional before using OTC drugs

Pregnancy Categories

A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA: Information not available.

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Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Topical anesthetic that reversibly blocks nerve conduction near the application site, thereby producing temporary loss of sensation in a limited area

Absorption

Bioavailability: Skin and mucosal absorption is highly variable; most anesthetic agents exist as solids and are only superficially absorbed through intact skin

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Images

No images available for this drug.
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Patient Handout

A Patient Handout is not currently available for this monograph.
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Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.