ifosfamide (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Ifex
  • Print

Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

kit: powder with mesna solution

  • 1g/vial
  • 3g/vial

solution

  • 1g/20mL
  • 3g/60mL

Germ Cell Testicular Cancer

Indicated in combination with other antineoplastic agents for third-line germ cell testicular cancer

1.2 g/m²/day IV infusion over 30 minutes on days 1-5 q3-4wk or after recovering from hematologic toxicity (>100,000 cells/mm³ plateletes or ≥4,000 cells/mm³ WBC)  

Off-label: 2 g/m²/day IV infusion on days 1-3 (MAID regimen, for total dose of 6 g/m²); doses as high as 5 g/m² over 24hr via continuous IV infusion in combination with other antineoplastic agents used

Administration

Use concomitant mesna (240 mg/m² IV at 0, 4, 8 hr) to prevent hemorrhagic cystitis

Maintain oral or IV hydration >2 L fluid/day

Monitor: CBCs

Bone Sarcomas (Orphan)

Orphan indication sponsor

  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; P.O. Box 4000, Mail Stop D12-02; Princeton, NJ 08543-4000

Soft Tissue Sarcomas (Orphan)

Orphan indication sponsor

  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; P.O. Box 4000, Mail Stop D12-02; Princeton, NJ 08543-4000

Renal Impairment

Dose adjustments not described in package insert; some clinicians have used the following guidelines

CrCl >60 mL/min: 100% of regular dose

CrCl 30-60 mL/min: 75% of regular dose

CrCl 10-30 mL/min: 50% of regular dose

CrCl <10 mL/min: Not recommended

Hepatic Impairment

Dose adjustments not described in package insert; some clinicians have used the following guidelines

Bilirubin >3 mg/dL: 25% of regular dose

Other Indications & Uses

Off-label: Cancer of lung, breast, ovary, cervix, pancreas, bladder, and stomach; NHL; sarcomas

Safety and efficacy not established

Next:

Interactions

Interaction Checker

and ifosfamide

No Results

     activity indicator 
    No Interactions Found
    Interactions Found

    Contraindicated

      Serious - Use Alternative

        Significant - Monitor Closely

          Minor

            All Interactions Sort By:
             activity indicator 

            Contraindicated (13)

            • adenovirus types 4 and 7 live, oral

              ifosfamide decreases effects of adenovirus types 4 and 7 live, oral by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, cell-cultured

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, cell-cultured by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • measles (rubeola) vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of measles (rubeola) vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • measles mumps and rubella vaccine, live

              ifosfamide decreases effects of measles mumps and rubella vaccine, live by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccine, live

              ifosfamide decreases effects of measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccine, live by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • rotavirus oral vaccine, live

              ifosfamide decreases effects of rotavirus oral vaccine, live by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • rubella vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of rubella vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • smallpox (vaccinia) vaccine, live

              ifosfamide decreases effects of smallpox (vaccinia) vaccine, live by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • talimogene laherparepvec

              ifosfamide, talimogene laherparepvec. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Contraindicated. Patients on concomitant immunosuppressants or with impaired immune systems are contraindicated to receive talimogene laherparepvec because of increased risk for serious infections.

            • varicella virus vaccine live

              ifosfamide decreases effects of varicella virus vaccine live by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • yellow fever vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of yellow fever vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            • zoster vaccine live

              ifosfamide decreases effects of zoster vaccine live by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressives may diminish therapeutic effects of vaccines and increase risk of adverse effects (increased risk of infection). Live-attenuated vaccines should be avoided for at least 3 mo. after cessation of immunosuppressive therapy.

            Serious - Use Alternative (18)

            • bacitracin

              ifosfamide and bacitracin both increase nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid concurrent use of bacitracin with other nephrotoxic drugs

            • deferiprone

              deferiprone, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid use of deferiprone with other drugs known to be associated with neutropenia or agranulocytosis; if an alternative is not possible, monitor absolute neutrophil count more frequently.

            • fexinidazole

              fexinidazole will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Fexinidazole inhibits CYP3A4. Coadministration may increase risk for adverse effects of CYP3A4 substrates.

            • fingolimod

              ifosfamide, fingolimod. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid concomitant use of fingolimod and other immunosuppressants when possible. If combined, closely monitor patients for additive immunosuppressant effects (eg, infections). When switching to fingolimod after discontinuation of another immunosuppressant, consider the duration of action of the discontinued drug to avoid additive immunosuppressive effects.

            • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, adjuvanted

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, adjuvanted by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Immunosuppressive drugs may reduce the immune response to influenza vaccine.

            • influenza virus vaccine trivalent, adjuvanted

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine trivalent, adjuvanted by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Immunosuppressive drugs may reduce the immune response to influenza vaccine.

            • lonafarnib

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of lonafarnib by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If coadministration of lonafarnib (a sensitive CYP3A substrate) with weak CYP3A inhibitors is unavoidable, reduce to, or continue lonafarnib at starting dose. Closely monitor for arrhythmias and events (eg, syncope, heart palpitations) since lonafarnib effect on QT interval is unknown.

              lonafarnib will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Lonafarnib may increase the AUC and peak concentration of CYP2C19 substrates. If coadministration unavoidable, monitor for adverse reactions and reduce the CYP2C19 substrate dose in accordance with its approved product labeling.

            • natalizumab

              ifosfamide, natalizumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy is expected to increase the risk of immunosuppression. Use caution when switching patients from long-acting therapies with immune effects.

            • nivolumab

              ifosfamide, nivolumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid use of immunosuppressants (eg, systemic corticosteroids) prior to initiation of nivolumab. Use of immunosuppressants after administration of nivolumab (eg, for treatment of immune-related adverse reactions) is unlikely to affect nivolumab efficacy.

            • ocrelizumab

              ifosfamide, ocrelizumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy is expected to increase the risk of immunosuppression. Use caution when switching patients from long-acting therapies with immune effects.

            • palifermin

              palifermin increases toxicity of ifosfamide by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Palifermin should not be administered within 24 hr before, during infusion of, or within 24 hr after administration of antineoplastic agents. Coadministration of palifermin within 24 hr of chemotherapy resulted in increased severity and duration of oral mucositis.

            • pimecrolimus

              ifosfamide, pimecrolimus. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • tacrolimus

              ifosfamide, tacrolimus. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • tacrolimus ointment

              ifosfamide, tacrolimus ointment. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Consider avoiding such combinations when clinically appropriate. If such a combination is used, monitor the patient closely for clinical response.

            • tofacitinib

              ifosfamide, tofacitinib. Either increases toxicity of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid use in combination with potent immunosuppressants; concurrent use with antirheumatic doses of methotrexate or nonbiologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) is permitted. Agents considered as potent immunosuppressants are not specified, but lower corticosteroid doses (ie, equivalent to prednisone 10 mg/day or less), leflunomide, and antirheumatic doses of methotrexate were permitted in clinical studies.

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of tofacitinib by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid use in combination with potent immunosuppressants; concurrent use with antirheumatic doses of methotrexate or nonbiologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) is permitted. Agents considered as potent immunosuppressants are not specified, but lower corticosteroid doses (ie, equivalent to prednisone 10 mg/day or less), leflunomide, and antirheumatic doses of methotrexate were permitted in clinical studies.

            • tucatinib

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of tucatinib by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration of tucatinib (a CYP2C8 substrate) with a strong or moderate CYP2C8 inhibitors increases tucatinib plasma concentrations and risk of toxicities.

              tucatinib will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid concomitant use of tucatinib with CYP3A substrates, where minimal concentration changes may lead to serious or life-threatening toxicities. If unavoidable, reduce CYP3A substrate dose according to product labeling.

            • voxelotor

              voxelotor will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Voxelotor increases systemic exposure of sensitive CYP3A4 substrates. Avoid coadministration with sensitive CYP3A4 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index. Consider dose reduction of the sensitive CYP3A4 substrate(s) if unable to avoid.

            • warfarin

              ifosfamide, warfarin. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Monitor for increased INR/effects of coumarin derivatives when ifosfamide is initiated/dose increased, and decreased INR/effects when ifosfamide is discontinued/dose decreased.

            Monitor Closely (226)

            • abiraterone

              abiraterone will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • acalabrutinib

              acalabrutinib, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration may increase risk of myelosuppressive effects.

            • ado-trastuzumab emtansine

              ifosfamide, ado-trastuzumab emtansine. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Risk of developing cardiotoxic effects increase in patients with prior or concomitant treatment with other cardiotoxic agents.

            • alemtuzumab

              ifosfamide, alemtuzumab. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with ifosfamide may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression.

            • amiodarone

              amiodarone will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • amobarbital

              amobarbital increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate

              ifosfamide increases toxicity of amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for possible increases in renal toxicity, bronchospasm, and hypotension if amphotericin is given concomitantly with ifosfamide.

            • amphotericin B deoxycholate

              ifosfamide increases toxicity of amphotericin B deoxycholate by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for possible increases in renal toxicity, bronchospasm, and hypotension if amphotericin is given concomitantly with ifosfamide.

            • amphotericin B liposomal

              ifosfamide increases toxicity of amphotericin B liposomal by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for possible increases in renal toxicity, bronchospasm, and hypotension if amphotericin is given concomitantly with ifosfamide.

            • amphotericin B phospholipid complex

              ifosfamide increases toxicity of amphotericin B phospholipid complex by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for possible increases in renal toxicity, bronchospasm, and hypotension if amphotericin is given concomitantly with ifosfamide.

            • anthrax vaccine adsorbed

              ifosfamide decreases effects of anthrax vaccine adsorbed by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • apalutamide

              apalutamide increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of apalutamide, a strong CYP3A4 inducer, with drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates can result in lower exposure to these medications. Avoid or substitute another drug for these medications when possible. Evaluate for loss of therapeutic effect if medication must be coadministered. Adjust dose according to prescribing information if needed.

            • aprepitant

              aprepitant decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for ifosfamide neurotoxicity (eg, visual and auditory hallucinations, somnolence, confusion, delirium) if combined with fosaprepitant. Consider also monitoring for decreased ifosfamide efficacy.

            • armodafinil

              armodafinil increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              armodafinil increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • atazanavir

              atazanavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • atogepant

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of atogepant by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • axitinib

              ifosfamide increases levels of axitinib by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • azathioprine

              ifosfamide, azathioprine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with ifosfamide may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression.

            • baricitinib

              ifosfamide, baricitinib. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • belatacept

              belatacept and ifosfamide both increase immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • belimumab

              ifosfamide, belimumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • belzutifan

              belzutifan will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. If unable to avoid coadministration of belzutifan with sensitive CYP3A4 substrates, consider increasing the sensitive CYP3A4 substrate dose in accordance with its prescribing information.

            • bendamustine

              bendamustine, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • bexarotene

              bexarotene increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • bicalutamide

              bicalutamide will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • bosentan

              bosentan increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • brigatinib

              brigatinib increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • bupivacaine implant

              ifosfamide, bupivacaine implant. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Local anesthetics may increase the risk of developing methemoglobinemia when concurrently exposed to drugs that also cause methemoglobinemia.

            • busulfan

              busulfan, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

              busulfan increases toxicity of ifosfamide by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Coadministration with ifosfamide may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression. Busulfan may increase the risk of hemorrhagic cystitis during ifosfamide treatment. Follow standard guidelines for hydration, mesna administration, and use of urinalysis.

            • butabarbital

              butabarbital increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              butabarbital increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • butalbital

              butalbital increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              butalbital increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • cannabidiol

              cannabidiol will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Consider reducing the dose of sensitive CYP2C19 substrates, as clinically appropriate, when coadministered with cannabidiol.

            • capreomycin

              ifosfamide, capreomycin. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor renal function.

            • carbamazepine

              carbamazepine increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              carbamazepine increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • carboplatin

              carboplatin, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • carmustine

              carmustine, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • cenobamate

              cenobamate will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Increase dose of CYP3A4 substrate, as needed, when coadministered with cenobamate.

              cenobamate will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Consider a dose reduction of CYP2C19 substrates, as clinically appropriate, when used concomitantly with cenobamate.

            • ceritinib

              ceritinib will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • chlorambucil

              chlorambucil, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • chloramphenicol

              ifosfamide, chloramphenicol. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

              chloramphenicol will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • cidofovir

              ifosfamide, cidofovir. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Ifosfamide may enhance renal toxicity. .

            • ciprofloxacin

              ciprofloxacin will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • cisplatin

              cisplatin, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • clarithromycin

              clarithromycin will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • clobazam

              clobazam increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • clotrimazole

              clotrimazole will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • clozapine

              ifosfamide, clozapine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • cobicistat

              cobicistat will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • conivaptan

              conivaptan will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide. Caution advised during and 7 days after conivaptan treatment.

            • crizotinib

              crizotinib will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • cyclophosphamide

              cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

              ifosfamide, cyclophosphamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with ifosfamide may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression.

            • dabrafenib

              dabrafenib increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • dacarbazine

              dacarbazine, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • darunavir

              darunavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Use alternatives if available. May decrease formation to active metabolite and increase toxicity of active metabolite

            • daunorubicin

              ifosfamide, daunorubicin. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Risk of developing cardiotoxic effects increase in patients with prior or concomitant treatment with other cardiotoxic agents.

            • dengue vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of dengue vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Immunosuppressive therapies (eg, irradiation, antimetabolites, alkylating agents, cytotoxic drugs, corticosteroids [greater than physiologic doses]) may reduce immune response to dengue vaccine.

            • denosumab

              ifosfamide, denosumab. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Caution should be taken in patients on concomitant immunosuppressants or with impaired immune systems because of increased risk for serious infections.

              ifosfamide, denosumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • desipramine

              desipramine will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • dexamethasone

              ifosfamide, dexamethasone. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • dichlorphenamide

              dichlorphenamide and ifosfamide both decrease serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

              dichlorphenamide, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Both drugs can cause metabolic acidosis.

            • diltiazem

              diltiazem will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • diphtheria & tetanus toxoids

              ifosfamide decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/acellular pertussis/poliovirus, inactivated vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/acellular pertussis/poliovirus, inactivated vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • doxycycline

              doxycycline will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • dronedarone

              dronedarone will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • echinacea

              echinacea decreases effects of ifosfamide by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Echinacea is reported possess immunostimulatory activity demonstrated by activation of macrophages (releasing interleukin-1), and proliferation of B-lymphocytes; theoretically, may oppose the therapeutic effects of immunosuppressants.

            • efavirenz

              efavirenz increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

              efavirenz increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

            • elagolix

              elagolix will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Elagolix is a weak CYP2C19 inhibitor. Caution with sensitive CYP2C19 substrates.

              elagolix decreases levels of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Elagolix is a weak-to-moderate CYP3A4 inducer. Monitor CYP3A substrates if coadministered. Consider increasing CYP3A substrate dose if needed.

            • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF

              elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF increases levels of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Cobicistat is a CYP3A4 inhibitor; contraindicated with CYP3A4 substrates for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events.

            • enzalutamide

              enzalutamide increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • ertugliflozin

              ifosfamide, ertugliflozin. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor renal function in patients with severe renal impairment, severe intestinal inflammation, or prolonged use >2 gm/day.

            • erythromycin base

              erythromycin base will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • erythromycin ethylsuccinate

              erythromycin ethylsuccinate will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • erythromycin lactobionate

              erythromycin lactobionate will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • erythromycin stearate

              erythromycin stearate will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • eslicarbazepine acetate

              eslicarbazepine acetate increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • etanercept

              ifosfamide, etanercept. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • etravirine

              etravirine increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • exenatide injectable solution

              ifosfamide, exenatide injectable solution. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor renal function.

            • exenatide injectable suspension

              ifosfamide, exenatide injectable suspension. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor renal function.

            • fedratinib

              fedratinib will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Adjust dose of drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates as necessary.

              fedratinib will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Adjust dose of drugs that are CYP2C19 substrates as necessary.

            • fexinidazole

              fexinidazole will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • filgrastim

              ifosfamide will decrease the level or effect of filgrastim by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Do not use filgrastim in the period 24 hr before through 24 hr after the administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy.

            • finerenone

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of finerenone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Monitor serum potassium during initiation and dosage adjustment of either finererone or weak CYP3A4 inhibitors. Adjust finererone dosage as needed.

            • flibanserin

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of flibanserin by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased flibanserin adverse effects may occur if coadministered with multiple weak CYP3A4 inhibitors.

            • fluconazole

              fluconazole will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • flucytosine

              ifosfamide, flucytosine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • fluvoxamine

              fluvoxamine will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP2B6 inhibitors may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide to its active metabolite, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects

            • fosamprenavir

              fosamprenavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites, perhaps decreasing the effectiveness of ifosfamide treatment.

            • fosphenytoin

              fosphenytoin increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4/CYP2B6 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • fostamatinib

              fostamatinib decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • ganciclovir

              ifosfamide, ganciclovir. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • grapefruit

              grapefruit will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • guselkumab

              ifosfamide, guselkumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Avoid vaccination during chemotherapy or radiation therapy if possible because antibody response might be suboptimal. Patients vaccinated within a 14-day period before starting or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated =3 months after therapy is discontinued if immune competence has been restored. .

            • haloperidol

              haloperidol decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • hepatitis A vaccine inactivated

              ifosfamide decreases effects of hepatitis A vaccine inactivated by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • hepatitis a/b vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of hepatitis a/b vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • hepatitis b vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of hepatitis b vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • HIV vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of HIV vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • human papillomavirus vaccine, nonavalent

              ifosfamide decreases effects of human papillomavirus vaccine, nonavalent by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • human papillomavirus vaccine, quadrivalent

              ifosfamide decreases effects of human papillomavirus vaccine, quadrivalent by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • hydroxyurea

              ifosfamide, hydroxyurea. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Combination may increase risk of myelosuppression.

              ifosfamide, hydroxyurea. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with ifosfamide may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression.

            • idelalisib

              idelalisib will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites, perhaps decreasing the effectiveness of ifosfamide treatment.

            • iloperidone

              iloperidone decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Iloperidone is a time-dependent CYP3A inhibitor and may lead to increased plasma levels of drugs predominantly eliminated by CYP3A4.

            • imatinib

              imatinib decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • indinavir

              indinavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • infliximab

              ifosfamide, infliximab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • influenza A (H5N1) vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza A (H5N1) vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Immunosuppressive therapies may reduce immune response to H5N1 vaccine.

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza A (H5N1) vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • influenza virus vaccine (H5N1), adjuvanted

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine (H5N1), adjuvanted by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Immunosuppressive therapies may reduce immune response to H5N1 vaccine.

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine (H5N1), adjuvanted by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, adjuvanted

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, adjuvanted by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, cell-cultured

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, cell-cultured by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, recombinant

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, recombinant by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • influenza virus vaccine trivalent

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine trivalent by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • influenza virus vaccine trivalent, adjuvanted

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine trivalent, adjuvanted by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • influenza virus vaccine trivalent, recombinant

              ifosfamide decreases effects of influenza virus vaccine trivalent, recombinant by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • interferon beta 1a

              ifosfamide, interferon beta 1a. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • interferon beta 1b

              ifosfamide, interferon beta 1b. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • isavuconazonium sulfate

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of isavuconazonium sulfate by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

              ifosfamide and isavuconazonium sulfate both decrease immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • istradefylline

              istradefylline will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Istradefylline 40 mg/day increased peak levels and AUC of CYP3A4 substrates in clinical trials. This effect was not observed with istradefylline 20 mg/day. Consider dose reduction of sensitive CYP3A4 substrates.

            • itraconazole

              itraconazole will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • ixekizumab

              ifosfamide, ixekizumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • ketoconazole

              ketoconazole will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • lapatinib

              lapatinib decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • leflunomide

              ifosfamide increases toxicity of leflunomide by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Consider not using a leflunomide loading dose in patients receiving other immunosuppressants. Monitor for bone marrow suppression at least monthly in patients concomitantly using leflunomide and another immunosuppressant.

            • lemborexant

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of lemborexant by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Lower nightly dose of lemborexant recommended if coadministered with weak CYP3A4 inhibitors. See drug monograph for specific dosage modification.

            • letermovir

              letermovir decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • lomitapide

              ifosfamide increases levels of lomitapide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Lomitapide dose should not exceed 30 mg/day.

            • lomustine

              ifosfamide, lomustine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • lopinavir

              lopinavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • lorlatinib

              lorlatinib will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • lumacaftor/ivacaftor

              lumacaftor/ivacaftor increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              lumacaftor/ivacaftor increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • magnesium citrate

              ifosfamide, magnesium citrate. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Monitor electrolytes and renal function.

            • mechlorethamine

              ifosfamide, mechlorethamine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with mechlorethamine may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression.

            • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 diphtheria conjugate vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of meningococcal A C Y and W-135 diphtheria conjugate vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 polysaccharide vaccine combined

              ifosfamide decreases effects of meningococcal A C Y and W-135 polysaccharide vaccine combined by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • meningococcal group B vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of meningococcal group B vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Individuals with altered immunocompetence may have reduced immune responses to the vaccine.

              ifosfamide decreases effects of meningococcal group B vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • methotrexate

              ifosfamide, methotrexate. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with ifosfamide may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression.

            • metronidazole

              metronidazole decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • miconazole oral

              miconazole oral will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inhibitors may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • midazolam intranasal

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of midazolam intranasal by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of mild CYP3A4 inhibitors with midazolam intranasal may cause higher midazolam systemic exposure, which may prolong sedation.

            • mifepristone

              mifepristone will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

              mifepristone will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inhibitors may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • mitotane

              mitotane increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • modafinil

              modafinil increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • nafcillin

              nafcillin increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • nefazodone

              nefazodone will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • nelfinavir

              nelfinavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

              nelfinavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inhibitors may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • netupitant/palonosetron

              netupitant/palonosetron decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration .

            • nevirapine

              nevirapine increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              nevirapine increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4/CYP2B6 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • nilotinib

              nilotinib increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              nilotinib decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • ofatumumab SC

              ofatumumab SC, ifosfamide. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider the risk of additive immune system effects when coadministering immunosuppressive therapies with coadministration. When switching from therapies with immune effects, take into account the duration and mechanism of action of these therapies when initiating ofatumumab SC.

            • olaparib

              ifosfamide and olaparib both increase pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with other other myelosuppressive anticancer agents, including DNA damaging agents, may potentiate and prolongate the myelosuppressive toxicity.

            • ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir & dasabuvir

              ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir & dasabuvir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • oxaliplatin

              oxaliplatin, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • oxcarbazepine

              oxcarbazepine increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • paclitaxel

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of paclitaxel by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Paclitaxel levels/toxicity may increase when coadministered with CYP2C8 inhibitors

            • paclitaxel protein bound

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of paclitaxel protein bound by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Paclitaxel levels/toxicity may increase when coadministered with CYP2C8 inhibitors

            • pegfilgrastim

              ifosfamide will decrease the level or effect of pegfilgrastim by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Concomitant use with pegfilgrastim efficacy (antagonistic effects, increased sensitivity of rapidly dividing myeloid cells to cytotoxic chemo)Give pegfilgrastim >14 days before or >24h after cytotoxic chemotherapy.

            • peginterferon alfa 2a

              ifosfamide, peginterferon alfa 2a. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • peginterferon alfa 2b

              ifosfamide, peginterferon alfa 2b. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • pentamidine

              ifosfamide, pentamidine. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor renal function.

            • pentobarbital

              pentobarbital increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              pentobarbital increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • peramivir

              ifosfamide increases levels of peramivir by decreasing renal clearance. Use Caution/Monitor. Caution when peramivir coadministered with nephrotoxic drugs.

            • phenobarbital

              phenobarbital increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              phenobarbital increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • phenytoin

              phenytoin increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              phenytoin increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • pioglitazone

              pioglitazone increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • pneumococcal vaccine 13-valent

              ifosfamide decreases effects of pneumococcal vaccine 13-valent by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • pneumococcal vaccine heptavalent

              ifosfamide decreases effects of pneumococcal vaccine heptavalent by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • pneumococcal vaccine polyvalent

              ifosfamide decreases effects of pneumococcal vaccine polyvalent by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • poliovirus vaccine inactivated

              ifosfamide decreases effects of poliovirus vaccine inactivated by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Avoid vaccination during chemotherapy or radiation therapy if possible because antibody response might be suboptimal. Patients vaccinated within a 14-day period before starting or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated =3 months after therapy is discontinued if immune competence has been restored. .

            • posaconazole

              posaconazole will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • prednisone

              ifosfamide, prednisone. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • primaquine

              ifosfamide, primaquine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • primidone

              primidone increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              primidone increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CCYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • pyrimethamine

              ifosfamide, pyrimethamine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • quinupristin/dalfopristin

              quinupristin/dalfopristin will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • rabies vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of rabies vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • rabies vaccine chick embryo cell derived

              ifosfamide decreases effects of rabies vaccine chick embryo cell derived by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • ribociclib

              ribociclib decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects. .

            • rifabutin

              rifabutin increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • rifampin

              rifampin increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

              rifampin increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • rifapentine

              rifapentine increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • ritonavir

              ritonavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

              ritonavir increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

            • roflumilast

              roflumilast will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Caution should be taken in patients on concomitant immunosuppressants or with impaired immune systems because of increased risk for serious infections.

            • saquinavir

              saquinavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • sargramostim

              ifosfamide will decrease the level or effect of sargramostim by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Do not administer simultaneously with or within 24 hours preceding/following cytotoxic chemotherapy or radiotherapy (due to the sensitivity of rapidly dividing hematopoietic progenitor cells).

            • schisandra

              schisandra decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration .

            • secobarbital

              secobarbital increases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2B6 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of ifosfamide with CYP2B6 inducers may increase metabolism of ifosfamide to its metabolite. Monitor for increased effects/toxicities if combined with CYP2B6 inducers.

            • selexipag

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of selexipag by decreasing metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Reduce selexipag dose to once daily if coadministered with moderate CYP2C8 inhibitors.

            • semaglutide

              ifosfamide, semaglutide. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor renal function.

            • sertraline

              sertraline decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration .

            • siponimod

              siponimod and ifosfamide both increase immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Caution if coadministered because of additive immunosuppressive effects during such therapy and in the weeks following administration. When switching from drugs with prolonged immune effects, consider the half-life and mode of action of these drugs to avoid unintended additive immunosuppressive effects.

            • sipuleucel-T

              ifosfamide decreases effects of sipuleucel-T by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

              ifosfamide, sipuleucel-T. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Caution should be taken in patients on concomitant immunosuppressants or with impaired immune systems because of increased risk for serious infections.

            • sirolimus

              ifosfamide, sirolimus. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with ifosfamide may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression.

            • sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride

              sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride increases toxicity of ifosfamide by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Coadministration with medications that cause fluid and electrolyte abnormalities may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment.

            • sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate

              sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate increases toxicity of ifosfamide by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Coadministration with medications that cause fluid and electrolyte abnormalities may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment.

            • St John's Wort

              St John's Wort increases toxicity of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites. CYP3A4 inducers may increase the formation of the neurotoxic/nephrotoxic ifosfamide metabolite, chloroacetaldehyde. Closely monitor patients taking ifosfamide with CYP3A4 inducers for toxicities and consider dose adjustment.

            • stiripentol

              stiripentol, ifosfamide. affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Stiripentol is a CYP3A4 inhibitor and inducer. Monitor CYP3A4 substrates coadministered with stiripentol for increased or decreased effects. CYP3A4 substrates may require dosage adjustment.

              stiripentol will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Consider reducing the dose of CYP2C19 substrates, if adverse reactions are experienced when administered concomitantly with stiripentol.

            • streptozocin

              ifosfamide, streptozocin. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • tacrolimus

              ifosfamide, tacrolimus. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • tazemetostat

              tazemetostat will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of tazemetostat by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • tecovirimat

              tecovirimat will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Tecovirimat is a weak inhibitor of CYP2C8 and CYP2C19. Monitor for adverse effects if coadministered with sensitive substrates of these enzymes.

              tecovirimat will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Tecovirimat is a weak CYP3A4 inducer. Monitor sensitive CYP3A4 substrates for effectiveness if coadministered.

            • tenofovir AF

              ifosfamide, tenofovir AF. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Monitor electrolytes and renal function.

            • teriflunomide

              ifosfamide, teriflunomide. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • tetanus & reduced diphtheria toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine

              ifosfamide decreases effects of tetanus & reduced diphtheria toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • tetanus toxoid adsorbed or fluid

              ifosfamide decreases effects of tetanus toxoid adsorbed or fluid by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • tetracycline

              tetracycline decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • thiotepa

              ifosfamide, thiotepa. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Additive myelosuppression.

            • tinidazole

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of tinidazole by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • tipranavir

              tipranavir will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Use alternatives if available. May decrease formation to active metabolite and increase toxicity of active metabolite

            • topotecan

              ifosfamide, topotecan. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with ifosfamide may increase the risk of immunosuppression and myelosuppression.

            • trabectedin

              ifosfamide, trabectedin. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Risk of developing cardiotoxic effects increase in patients with prior or concomitant treatment with other cardiotoxic agents.

            • trastuzumab

              trastuzumab, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Neutropenia or febrile neutropenia incidence were increased when trastuzumab was coadministered with myelosuppressive chemotherapy. .

            • trastuzumab deruxtecan

              trastuzumab deruxtecan, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Neutropenia or febrile neutropenia incidence were increased when trastuzumab was coadministered with myelosuppressive chemotherapy. .

              ifosfamide, trastuzumab deruxtecan. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Risk of developing cardiotoxic effects increase in patients with prior or concomitant treatment with other cardiotoxic agents.

              ifosfamide, trastuzumab deruxtecan. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • triclabendazole

              triclabendazole will increase the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic enzyme CYP2C19 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. If plasma concentrations of the CYP2C19 substrates are elevated during triclabendazole, recheck plasma concentration of the CYP2C19 substrates after discontinuation of triclabendazole.

            • ustekinumab

              ifosfamide, ustekinumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • vancomycin

              ifosfamide, vancomycin. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor renal function.

            • vedolizumab

              ifosfamide, vedolizumab. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • verapamil

              verapamil decreases effects of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Use of a CYP3A4 inhibitor may decrease metabolism of ifosfamide, potentially reducing ifosfamide therapeutic effects.

            • voclosporin

              voclosporin, ifosfamide. Either increases toxicity of the other by nephrotoxicity and/or ototoxicity. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with drugs associated with nephrotoxicity may increase the risk for acute and/or chronic nephrotoxicity.

            • voriconazole

              voriconazole will decrease the level or effect of ifosfamide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of CYP3A4 inhibitors may decrease the metabolism of ifosfamide to its active alkylating metabolites and decrease the efficacy of ifosfamide.

            • zidovudine

              ifosfamide, zidovudine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Ifosfamide may enhance the toxicities of myelosuppressive agents. Monitor for increased risk of myelosuppression.

            • zoster vaccine recombinant

              ifosfamide decreases effects of zoster vaccine recombinant by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            Minor (4)

            • digoxin

              ifosfamide will decrease the level or effect of digoxin by Other (see comment). Minor/Significance Unknown. Antineoplastic agents that cause significant mucositis/stomatitis may be more likely to impair digoxin tablet absorption

            • ruxolitinib

              ifosfamide will increase the level or effect of ruxolitinib by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • vitamin A

              vitamin A, ifosfamide. Mechanism: pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Antioxidants such as vitamin A enhance the efficacy, and reduce toxicity, of antineoplastic drugs.

            • vitamin E

              vitamin E, ifosfamide. Mechanism: pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Antioxidants such as vitamin E enhance the efficacy, and reduce toxicity, of antineoplastic drugs.

            Previous
            Next:

            Adverse Effects

            >10%

            Alopecia (83%)

            Nausea (58%)

            Vomiting (58%)

            Leukopenia (50%)

            Hematuria (46%)

            Metabolic acidosis (31%)

            Thrombocytopenia (20%)

            CNS toxicity (12%)

            Neurotoxicity (10-20%)

            1-10%

            Infection (8%)

            Nephrotoxicity (6%)

            Previous
            Next:

            Warnings

            Black Box Warnings

            The drug should be administered under the supervision of an experienced cancer chemotherapy physician

            Bone marrow suppression may occur

            Hemorrhagic cystitis reported

            Confusion and coma due to CNS toxicity have been associated with therapy. Discontinue therapy if it occurs.

            Dose-related severe myelosuppression reported

            Contraindications

            Hypersensitivity

            Severe myelosuppression

            Cautions

            Avoid pregnancy

            May interfere with wound healing

            Use caution in renal impairment

            Heart Failure risk

            • Acute heart failure, often occurring within 1 to 10 days of treatment, has been reported with induction therapy at doses greater than 12.5 mg/m2
            • The onset of HF can be reversible, usually resolving over 3 to 4 weeks
            Previous
            Next:

            Pregnancy & Lactation

            Pregnancy Category: D

            Lactation: excreted in breast milk, do not nurse

            Pregnancy Categories

            A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

            B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

            C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

            D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

            X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

            NA: Information not available.

            Previous
            Next:

            Pharmacology

            Mechanism of Action

            Synthetic analog of cyclophosphamide; cross-links DNA strands; inhibits DNA synthesis and protein synthesis

            Absorption

            Bioavailability: 90-100%

            Peak plasma time: 20-30 minutes

            Distribution

            Vd: 33 L

            Metabolism

            Extensively metabolized

            Metabolites: 3-dechloroethylifosfamide, 2-dechloroethylifosfamide, and carboxyifosfamide

            Elimination

            Half-life elimination: 15 hr (high dose of 3800-5000 mg/m²); 7 hr (low dose of 1800-2400 mg/m²)

            Excretion: Urine 70-86% (high dose of 5000 mg/m²); 12-16% (low dose of 1600-2400)

            Previous
            Next:

            Administration

            IV Incompatibilities

            Syringe: mesna with epirubicin

            Y-site: cefepime, methotrexate

            IV Compatibilities

            Solution: D5/Ringer's, D5/NS, D5W, LR, ½NS, NS, Na-Lactate (1/6 M)

            Additive: carboplatin, carboplatin w/ etoposide, cisplatin, cisplatin w/etoposide, epirubicin, etoposide, fluorouracil, mesna

            Syringe: epirubicin, mesna

            Y-site (partial list): allopurinal, amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate, etoposide phosphate, filgrastim, fludarabine, gemcitabine, granisetron, linezolid, melphalan, ondansetron, paclitaxel, propofol, NaHCO3, teniposide, thiotepa

            IV Preparation

            Reconstitute with SWI or NS to a concentration of 50 mg/mL

            Standard dilution

            • IV push: dose/syringe (concentration: 50 mg/mL)
            • IVPB: dose/100-1000 mL D5W or NS

            IV Administration

            Slow IV infusion over 30 min, or continuous infusion over 5 d

            Mesna should be administered concomitantly (20% of the ifosfamide dose 15 min before, 4 hr after, & 8 hr after ifosfamide administration)

            Adequate hydration (at least 2 L/day) before & for 72 hr after therapy is recommended to minimize risk of hemorrhagic cystitis

            Storage

            Store intact vials at room temp or under refrigeration

            Syringe & IVPB are stable for 7 days at room temp& 6 wk under refrigeration

            Previous
            Next:

            Images

            BRAND FORM. UNIT PRICE PILL IMAGE
            Ifex intravenous
            -
            1 gram vial
            Ifex intravenous
            -
            3 gram vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            3 gram/60 mL vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            1 gram/20 mL vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            1 gram vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            1 gram vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            3 gram/60 mL vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            1 gram vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            3 gram/60 mL vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            1 gram/20 mL vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            3 gram vial
            ifosfamide intravenous
            -
            3 gram vial

            Copyright © 2010 First DataBank, Inc.

            Previous
            Next:

            Patient Handout

            Patient Education
            ifosfamide intravenous

            IFOSFAMIDE - INJECTION

            (eye-FOSS-fuh-mide)

            COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Ifex

            WARNING: Ifosfamide may cause serious (even fatal) side effects (including urinary problems such as hemorrhagic cystitis, mental/mood changes, blood/bone marrow disorders), which may require your treatment with this medication to be stopped. Tell your doctor right away if you develop symptoms such as pink/bloody urine, frequent/painful urination, severe drowsiness, confusion, unusual changes in behavior, or hallucinations. Blood/bone marrow disorders can affect your body's ability to stop bleeding, or fight infection. Tell your doctor right away if you develop easy bruising/bleeding or signs of infection (such as sore throat that doesn't go away, fever, chills).

            USES: Ifosfamide is used to treat various cancers (such as testicular cancer). It works by slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells.

            HOW TO USE: This medication is given by injection into a vein by a health care professional. The dosage is based on your medical condition, body size, and response to treatment.If this medication touches your skin, immediately wash the area well with soap and water. If this medication gets in your eye, open the eyelid and flush with water for 15 minutes, then get medical help right away.To help prevent urinary problems, drink plenty of fluids and urinate often unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your doctor may also prescribe other medication (such as mesna, intravenous fluids) to decrease the risk.

            SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warning section.Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach/abdominal pain, loss of appetite, or redness/pain/swelling at the injection site may occur. Nausea and vomiting can be severe. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe medication to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting. Eating several small meals, not eating before treatment, avoiding alcoholic beverages, or limiting activity may help lessen some of these effects. If these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.Severe nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may rarely cause dehydration. Contact your doctor promptly if you notice any symptoms of dehydration such as unusual decreased urination, unusual dry mouth/increased thirst, lack of tears, dizziness/lightheadedness, or pale/wrinkled skin.Pain or sores in the mouth and throat may occur. Brush your teeth gently/carefully, avoid using mouthwash that contains alcohol, and rinse your mouth frequently with cool water mixed with baking soda or salt. It may also be best to eat soft, moist foods.Temporary hair loss may occur. Normal hair growth should return after treatment has ended.People using this medication may have serious side effects. However, you have been prescribed this drug because your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Careful monitoring by your doctor may decrease your risk.Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: numbness/tingling in the hands/feet, signs of heart problems (such as fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, swelling ankles/feet, unusual tiredness, unusual/sudden weight gain), change in the amount of urine, vision changes (such as decreased/blurred vision), irregular/stopped menstrual periods (women).Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including: seizure.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

            PRECAUTIONS: Before using ifosfamide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: blood/bleeding problems (such as anemia, low blood cell counts), current infection, heart problems (such as fast/irregular heartbeat, heart failure), kidney disease, liver disease, radiation treatment, problems with urination (such as blockage).This drug may make you drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).Ifosfamide can make you more likely to get infections or may worsen any current infections. Avoid contact with people who have infections that may spread to others (such as chickenpox, measles, flu). Consult your doctor if you have been exposed to an infection or for more details.Do not have immunizations/vaccinations without the consent of your doctor. Avoid contact with people who have recently received live vaccines (such as flu vaccine inhaled through the nose).This medication may make a wound heal more slowly than usual. To lower your risk of getting cut, bruised, or injured, use caution with sharp objects like razors and nail cutters, and avoid activities such as contact sports.Rarely, people who are treated with this medication have developed other cancers (such as leukemia). Talk with your doctor for more details.Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. You should not become pregnant while using ifosfamide. Ifosfamide may harm an unborn baby. Women using this drug should ask about reliable forms of birth control while using this medication. If you become pregnant, talk to your doctor right away about the risks and benefits of this medication. This medication may affect the production of sperm, increasing the risk of fathering a child with birth defects. Men with female partners of childbearing age should ask about reliable forms of birth control (such as condoms) while using this drug and for up to 6 months after stopping treatment.This medication passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Breast-feeding while using this drug is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

            DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.A product that may interact with this drug is: nalidixic acid.

            OVERDOSE: If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

            NOTES: Lab and/or medical tests (such as complete blood counts, blood salt/mineral levels, kidney function) should be done while you are using this medication. Keep all medical and lab appointments.

            MISSED DOSE: It is important to get each dose of this medication as scheduled. If you miss a dose, ask your doctor or pharmacist right away for a new dosing schedule.

            STORAGE: Consult the product instructions and your pharmacist for storage details. Keep all medications away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

            MEDICAL ALERT: Your condition can cause complications in a medical emergency. For information about enrolling in MedicAlert, call 1-888-633-4298 (US) or 1-800-668-1507 (Canada).

            Information last revised August 2021. Copyright(c) 2021 First Databank, Inc.

            IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

            Previous
            Next:

            Formulary

            FormularyPatient Discounts

            Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.

            To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.

            Adding plans allows you to:

            • View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
            • Manage and view all your plans together – even plans in different states.
            • Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
            • Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.

            The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

            Tier Description
            1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
            2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
            3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
            4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
            Code Definition
            PA Prior Authorization
            Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
            QL Quantity Limits
            Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
            ST Step Therapy
            Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
            OR Other Restrictions
            Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
            Additional Offers
            Email to Patient

            From:

            To:

            The recipient will receive more details and instructions to access this offer.

            By clicking send, you acknowledge that you have permission to email the recipient with this information.

            Email Forms to Patient

            From:

            To:

            The recipient will receive more details and instructions to access this offer.

            By clicking send, you acknowledge that you have permission to email the recipient with this information.

            Previous
            Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.