diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Infanrix, Daptacel
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Sections

Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Immunization

Not indicated for adults

Dosage Forms & Strengths

Lf = limits of flocculation

pertussis/diphtheria/tetanus

DTaP suspension

  • (10mcg/15Lf/5Lf)/0.5mL (Daptacel)
  • (58mcg/25Lf/10Lf)/0.5mL (Infanrix)

Primary Immunization

DTaP

6 weeks-7 years

  • 0.5 mL IM x 3 at 2, 4, 6 months of age; may administer as early as six weeks of age and repeated every 4-8 weeks; THEN 4th dose at 15-20 months of age but at least 6 months after the third dose & 5th dose at 4-6 years of age, prior to starting school or kindergarten; if fourth dose given at >4 years of age, may omit fifth dose;
  • For children <7 years who didn't receive DTaP at early infancy, give first 3 doses q1Month, THEN 4th dose at least 6 months later

>7 years

  • Not approved for use; use tetanus and diphtheria toxoids vaccine instead
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Interactions

Interaction Checker

and diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine

No Results

     activity indicator 
    No Interactions Found
    Interactions Found

    Contraindicated

      Serious - Use Alternative

        Significant - Monitor Closely

          Minor

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             activity indicator 

            Contraindicated (1)

            • belimumab

              belimumab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Contraindicated. Do not administer live vaccines 30 days before or concurrently with belimumab.

            Serious - Use Alternative (37)

            • adalimumab

              adalimumab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • alefacept

              alefacept decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • anakinra

              anakinra decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • antithymocyte globulin equine

              antithymocyte globulin equine decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • antithymocyte globulin rabbit

              antithymocyte globulin rabbit decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • azathioprine

              azathioprine decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • basiliximab

              basiliximab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • budesonide

              budesonide decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • canakinumab

              canakinumab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • cortisone

              cortisone decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • cyclosporine

              cyclosporine decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • deflazacort

              deflazacort decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • dexamethasone

              dexamethasone decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • etanercept

              etanercept decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • everolimus

              everolimus decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • fludrocortisone

              fludrocortisone decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • glatiramer

              glatiramer decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • golimumab

              golimumab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • hydrocortisone

              hydrocortisone decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • hydroxychloroquine sulfate

              hydroxychloroquine sulfate decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • infliximab

              infliximab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • ixekizumab

              ixekizumab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Prior to initiating ixekizumab, complete all age appropriate immunizations; non-live vaccinations received during treatment with ixekizumab may not elicit an immune response sufficient to prevent disease.

            • leflunomide

              leflunomide decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • methylprednisolone

              methylprednisolone decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • muromonab CD3

              muromonab CD3 decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • mycophenolate

              mycophenolate decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • prednisolone

              prednisolone decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • prednisone

              prednisone decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • rilonacept

              rilonacept decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • secukinumab

              secukinumab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Prior to initiating secukinumab, complete all age appropriate immunizations; non-live vaccinations received during treatment with secukinumab may not elicit an immune response sufficient to prevent disease.

            • siponimod

              siponimod decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Pause vaccinations beginning 1 week before initiating siponimod and for 4 weeks after stopping treatment. Coadministration with live attenuated vaccines may increase infection risk.

            • sirolimus

              sirolimus decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • tacrolimus

              tacrolimus decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • temsirolimus

              temsirolimus decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • tocilizumab

              tocilizumab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension

              triamcinolone acetonide injectable suspension decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Corticosteroids also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • ustekinumab

              ustekinumab decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Contraindicated. Prior initiating therapy, patients should receive all age-appropriate immunizations as recommended by current guidelines. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            Monitor Closely (7)

            • belatacept

              belatacept decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: The use of live vaccines should be avoided during treatment with belatacept. Inform patients that vaccinations may be less effective while they are being treated with belatacept.

            • dengue vaccine

              dengue vaccine, diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Data are not available to establish safety and immunogenicity of coadministration of dengue vaccine with recommended adolescent vaccines.

            • ifosfamide

              ifosfamide decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • melphalan

              melphalan decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            • mercaptopurine

              mercaptopurine decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Immunosuppressants also increase risk of infection with concomitant live vaccines.

            • methotrexate

              methotrexate decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Concomitant administration of methotrexate can decrease the immunological response of vaccines.

            • oxaliplatin

              oxaliplatin decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by passive renal tubular reabsorption due to increased pH. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with immunosuppressant therapy reduced efficacy of the vaccine may occur. If possible, complete all age-appropriate vaccinations at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of immunosuppressant therapy. Patients vaccinated <14 days before initiation or during immunosuppressive therapy should be revaccinated at least 3 months after therapy is discontinued. .

            Minor (1)

            • chloroquine

              chloroquine decreases effects of diphtheria & tetanus toxoids/ acellular pertussis vaccine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

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            Adverse Effects

            Suspected adverse events after administration of any vaccine may be reported to Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS), 1-800-822-7967

            Frequency Not Defined

            Swelling

            Erythema

            Fever

            Drowsiness

            Fussiness

            Irritability

            Anorexia

            Lethargi

            Swelling

            Tenderness

            Angioedema

            Apnea

            Cellulitis

            Cough

            Cyanosis

            Ear pain

            Headache

            Hypotonia

            Limb swelling

            Pruritus

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            Warnings

            Contraindications

            Documented hypersensitivity

            History of Arthus reaction to prior tetanus vaccination (unless 10 yr have elapsed)

            History of encephalopathy (within 7 days of administration not attributable to other causes), progressive neurologic disorder including uncontrolled or progressive epilepsy, infantile spasms, with pertussis-containing vaccine

            Cautions

            DTaP (Tripedia) now contains <0.5 mcg thimerosal; Daptacel, Infanrix are thimerosal-free

            Do not use DTaP with HIB (TriHIBit) for primary immunization of infants; only use for booster shots

            Caution in patients with neurological disorders

            Apnea reported in premature infants following IM vaccine administration; weigh risk/benefit

            Syncope accompanied by transient disturbances , tonic-clonic movements, or weakness reported

            Consider postponing administration iin patients with moderate or severe acute illness (with or without fever)

            Use caution in patients with a history of bleeding disorders (including thrombocytopenia) and or patients on anticoagulants

            History of Guillain-Barre syndrome with prior tetanus vaccine; weigh risk/benefit

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            Pregnancy & Lactation

            Pregnancy Category: C

            Lactation: Excretion in milk unknown; use with caution

            Pregnancy Categories

            A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

            B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

            C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

            D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

            X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

            NA: Information not available.

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            Pharmacology

            Mechanism of Action

            Production of specific antibodies to tetanus, diphtheria, and pertusis (active immunity)

            Conveys active immunity via stimulation of production of endogenously produced antibodies

            Pharmacokinetics

            The onset of protection from disease is relatively slow, but duration is long lasting (years)

            Duration: Variable, possibly >10 yr; Tdap maternal pertussis antibodies appear to wane greatly between subsequent pregnancies

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            Patient Handout

            A Patient Handout is not currently available for this monograph.
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            Formulary

            FormularyPatient Discounts

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            Tier Description
            1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
            2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
            3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
            4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
            Code Definition
            PA Prior Authorization
            Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
            QL Quantity Limits
            Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
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            Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.