dolutegravir/rilpivirine (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Juluca
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

dolutegravir/rilpivirine

tablet

  • 50mg/25mg
  • equivalent to 52.6mg dolutegravir sodium/27.5mg rilpivirine hydrochloride

HIV Infection

Indicated as complete regimen to replace current antiretroviral (ART) regimen in virologically suppressed adults

Patients with no history of treatment failure and no known substitutions associated with resistance to dolutegravir or rilpivirine

HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL on a stable ART regimen for ≥6 months: 1 tablet (dolutegravir 50 mg/rilpivirine 25 mg) PO qDay

Dosage Modifications

See also Contraindications

Renal impairment

  • Mild-to-moderate (CrCl ≥30 mL/min): No dosage adjustment is necessary
  • Severe (CrCl <30 mL/min) or end-stage renal disease: Increased monitoring for adverse effects is recommended

Hepatic impairment

  • Mild-to-moderate (Child-Pugh A or B): No dosage adjustment is necessary
  • Severe (Child-Pugh C): Effect on the pharmacokinetics of dolutegravir or rilpivirine is unknown

Coadministration with dolutegravir/rilpivirine and other drugs

  • Rifabutin: Take an additional 25-mg tablet of rilpivirine for the duration of the rifabutin coadministration
  • Metformin: Limit total daily dose of metformin to 1000 mg/day either when starting metformin or dolutegravir/rilpivirine; when starting or stopping dolutegravir/rilpivirine, metformin dose may require an adjustment; monitor blood glucose when initiating concomitant use and after withdrawal of dolutegravir/rilpivirine
  • Macrolides or ketolides (eg, clarithromycin, erythromycin, telithromycin): Consider alternant antibiotics (eg, azithromycin) if possible
  • Medications containing polyvalent cations (eg, Mg or Al) (cation-containing products or laxatives, sucralfate buffered medications): Administer 4 hr before or 6 hr after taking products containing polyvalent cations
  • Methadone: No dose adjustment for dolutegravir/rilpivirine is necessary; methadone maintenance therapy may need to be adjusted in some patients
  • Oral calcium and iron supplements (eg, multivitamins containing calcium or iron [non-antacid]): Administer dolutegravir/rilpivirine and supplements containing calcium or iron together with a meal or take these supplements 4 hr before or 6 hr after taking dolutegravir/rilpivirine
  • Drugs affecting gastric pH
    • Antacids (eg, aluminum or magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate): Administer dolutegravir/rilpivirine 4 hr before or 6 hr after taking antacids
    • H2-receptor antagonists (eg, famotidine, cimetidine, nizatidine, ranitidine): Administer dolutegravir/rilpivirine at least 4 hr before or 12 hr after taking H2-receptor antagonists

Dosing Considerations

Pregnancy testing recommended in patients with childbearing potential before initiating therapy

Safety and efficacy not established

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Interactions

Interaction Checker

and dolutegravir/rilpivirine

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            Contraindicated (5)

            • carbamazepine

              carbamazepine decreases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Contraindicated. Coadministration of carbamazepine with NNRTIs may result in a loss of virologic response and possible resistance to the NNRTI.

            • dexamethasone

              dexamethasone decreases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Contraindicated. Contraindicated. Rilpivirine should not be co-administered with strong CYP 3A4 inducers. Potential for loss of virologic response and possible resistance to rilpivirine or to the NNRTI class.

            • dexlansoprazole

              dexlansoprazole decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Contraindicated. Concurrent use may cause treatment failure and/or the development of rilpivirine or NNRTI resistance owing to decreased levels.

            • dofetilide

              dolutegravir will increase the level or effect of dofetilide by decreasing renal clearance. Contraindicated. Dolutegravir inhibits the renal organic cation transporter, OCT2; risk of life-threatening arrhythmias caused by increased systemic exposure to dofetilide

            • efavirenz

              efavirenz decreases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Contraindicated. Contraindicated. Rilpivirine should not be used in combination with NNRTIs.

            Serious - Use Alternative (30)

            • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate

              aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations

            • artemether

              artemether and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • bedaquiline

              bedaquiline and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • cabotegravir

              dolutegravir, cabotegravir. Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Cabotegravir plus rilpivirine is a complete regimen. Coadministration with other antiretroviral medications for treating HIV-1 infection is not recommended.

            • carbamazepine

              carbamazepine will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration; insufficient data to recommend dosage adjustment

            • dofetilide

              dofetilide increases toxicity of rilpivirine by QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • efavirenz

              efavirenz will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Increase dolutegravir dose to 50 mg BID when coadministered with strong UGT1A/CYP3A inducers

            • etravirine

              etravirine will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Etravirine (a strong UGT1A/CYP3A inducer) significantly reduces dolutegravir plasma concentrations, but the effect of etravirine is mitigated by coadministration of lopinavir/ritonavir or darunavir/ritonavir, and is expected to be mitigated by atazanavir/ritonavir; do not use with etravirine without coadministration of atazanavir/ritonavir, darunavir/ritonavir, or lopinavir/ritonavir

            • fexinidazole

              fexinidazole and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration of fexinidazole with drugs known to block potassium channels or prolong QT interval.

            • fosamprenavir

              fosamprenavir will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Increase dolutegravir dose to 50 mg BID when coadministered with strong UGT1A/CYP3A inducers (eg, fosamprenavir/ritonavir)

            • fosphenytoin

              fosphenytoin will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration; insufficient data to recommend dosage adjustment

            • hydroxychloroquine sulfate

              hydroxychloroquine sulfate and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • lefamulin

              lefamulin and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • macimorelin

              macimorelin and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Macimorelin causes an increase of ~11 msec in the corrected QT interval. Avoid coadministration with drugs that prolong QT interval, which could increase risk for developing torsade de pointes-type ventricular tachycardia. Allow sufficient washout time of drugs that are known to prolong the QT interval before administering macimorelin.

            • magnesium citrate

              magnesium citrate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations

            • magnesium gluconate

              magnesium gluconate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations

            • magnesium oxide

              magnesium oxide will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations

            • nevirapine

              nevirapine will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration; insufficient data to recommend dosage adjustment

            • ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir & dasabuvir

              ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir & dasabuvir will increase the level or effect of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration of Viekira Pak with rilpivirine once daily is not recommended due to potential for QT interval prolongation with higher concentrations of rilpivirine

            • oxcarbazepine

              oxcarbazepine will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration; insufficient data to recommend dosage adjustment

            • phenobarbital

              phenobarbital will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration; insufficient data to recommend dosage adjustment

            • phenytoin

              phenytoin will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration; insufficient data to recommend dosage adjustment

            • Prussian blue

              Prussian blue will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations

            • ribociclib

              ribociclib increases toxicity of rilpivirine by QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • rifabutin

              rifabutin decreases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If coadministered, increase rilpivirine dose to 50 mg PO once daily; when rifabutin coadministration is stopped, decrease rilpivirine dose to 25 mg once daily.

            • rifampin

              rifampin will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Increase dolutegravir dose to 50 mg BID when coadministered with strong UGT1A/CYP3A inducers

            • St John's Wort

              St John's Wort will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration; insufficient data to recommend dosage adjustment

            • sucralfate

              sucralfate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations

            • tipranavir

              tipranavir will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by increasing metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Increase dolutegravir dose to 50 mg BID when coadministered with strong UGT1A/CYP3A inducers (eg, tipranavir/ritonavir)

            • umeclidinium bromide/vilanterol inhaled

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of umeclidinium bromide/vilanterol inhaled by QTc interval. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Exercise extreme caution when vilanterol coadministered with drugs that prolong QTc interval; adrenergic agonist effects on the cardiovascular system may be potentiated.

            Monitor Closely (136)

            • albuterol

              albuterol and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • alfuzosin

              rilpivirine and alfuzosin both increase QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

              alfuzosin and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • aluminum hydroxide

              aluminum hydroxide decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should be given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine. For the combination product dolutegravir/rilpivirine, antacids should be given at least 4 hr before or at least 6 hr afterwards.

              aluminum hydroxide will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Use Caution/Monitor. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations; use alternative therapy if available

            • amiodarone

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of amiodarone by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • calcium acetate

              calcium acetate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

            • amitriptyline

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of amitriptyline by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • amoxapine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of amoxapine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • apomorphine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of apomorphine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • arformoterol

              arformoterol and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • aripiprazole

              aripiprazole and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • arsenic trioxide

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of arsenic trioxide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • artemether/lumefantrine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of artemether/lumefantrine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • asenapine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of asenapine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate

              aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should be given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine. For the combination product dolutegravir/rilpivirine, antacids should be given at least 4 hr before or at least 6 hr afterwards.

            • atazanavir

              atazanavir increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine is not expected to affect the plasma concentrations of co-administered protease inhibitors. .

            • atomoxetine

              atomoxetine and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • azithromycin

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of azithromycin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • calcium acetate

              calcium acetate decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • calcium carbonate

              calcium carbonate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

              calcium carbonate decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should be given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine. For the combination product dolutegravir/rilpivirine, antacids should be given at least 4 hr before or at least 6 hr afterwards.

            • calcium chloride

              calcium chloride decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • calcium citrate

              calcium citrate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

            • calcium citrate

              calcium citrate decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • calcium gluconate

              calcium gluconate decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • calcium/vitamin D

              calcium/vitamin D decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • chlorpromazine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of chlorpromazine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • cimetidine

              cimetidine will decrease the level or effect of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Concurrent use, may cause treatment failure and/or the development of rilpivirine or NNRTI resistance owing to decreased levels. Administer H2 antagonists at least 12 hours before or at least 4 hours after rilpivirine.

            • ciprofloxacin

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of ciprofloxacin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • citalopram

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of citalopram by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • clarithromycin

              clarithromycin increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Where possible, alternatives such as azithromycin should be considered.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of clarithromycin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • clomipramine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of clomipramine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • conivaptan

              conivaptan increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • crizotinib

              crizotinib increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Dose reduction may be needed for coadministered drugs that are predominantly metabolized by CYP3A.

            • cyclobenzaprine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of cyclobenzaprine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • dalfampridine

              dolutegravir will increase the level or effect of dalfampridine by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. dolutegravir inhibits OCT2 and multidrug and toxin extrusion transporter 1

            • dasatinib

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of dasatinib by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • degarelix

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of degarelix by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • desipramine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of desipramine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • didanosine

              didanosine, rilpivirine. affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Applies to didanosine chewable tablets and powder for oral solution; administer 2 hr before or several hours after didanosine oral solution or chewable tablet administration; no dose adjustment is required when rilpivirine is coadministered with didanosine. Didanosine is to be administered on an empty stomach and at least two hours before or at least four hours after rilpivirine (which should be administered with a meal).

            • disopyramide

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of disopyramide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • dofetilide

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of dofetilide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • dolasetron

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of dolasetron by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • dronedarone

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of dronedarone by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • droperidol

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of droperidol by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • erythromycin base

              erythromycin base increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Where possible, alternatives such as azithromycin should be considered.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of erythromycin base by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • erythromycin ethylsuccinate

              erythromycin ethylsuccinate increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Where possible, alternatives such as azithromycin should be considered.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of erythromycin ethylsuccinate by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • erythromycin lactobionate

              erythromycin lactobionate increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Where possible, alternatives such as azithromycin should be considered.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of erythromycin lactobionate by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • erythromycin stearate

              erythromycin stearate increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Where possible, alternatives such as azithromycin should be considered.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of erythromycin stearate by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • escitalopram

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of escitalopram by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

              escitalopram increases toxicity of rilpivirine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • eslicarbazepine acetate

              eslicarbazepine acetate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Adjust dose of dolutegravir to 50 mg PO q12hr for treatment naïve or treatment experienced INSTI-naïve.

            • famotidine

              famotidine will decrease the level or effect of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Concurrent use, may cause treatment failure and/or the development of rilpivirine or NNRTI resistance owing to decreased levels. Administer H2 antagonists at least 12 hours before or at least 4 hours after rilpivirine.

            • ferric maltol

              ferric maltol will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

            • ferrous fumarate

              ferrous fumarate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

            • ferrous gluconate

              ferrous gluconate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

            • ferrous sulfate

              ferrous sulfate will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

            • flecainide

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of flecainide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • fluconazole

              fluconazole increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No rilpivirine dose adjustment is required. Clinically monitor for breakthrough fungal infections when azole antifungals are co-administered with rilpivirine.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of fluconazole by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • fluoxetine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of fluoxetine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • fosamprenavir

              fosamprenavir increases effects of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine is not expected to affect the plasma concentrations of co-administered protease inhibitors. .

            • foscarnet

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of foscarnet by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • fostemsavir

              rilpivirine and fostemsavir both increase QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. QTc prolongation reported with higher than recommended doses of fostemsavir.

            • gemifloxacin

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of gemifloxacin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • haloperidol

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of haloperidol by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • ibuprofen/famotidine

              ibuprofen/famotidine, rilpivirine. increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Use Caution/Monitor. Combination of rilpivirine and H2-receptor antagonists should be used with caution as coadministration may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations (increase in gastric pH). Administer famotidine at least 12 hours before or at least 4 hours after rilpivirine.

            • ibutilide

              ibutilide increases toxicity of rilpivirine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of ibutilide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • iloperidone

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of iloperidone by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • indapamide

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of indapamide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • indinavir

              indinavir increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • isoniazid

              isoniazid increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • isradipine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of isradipine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • itraconazole

              itraconazole increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No rilpivirine dose adjustment is required. Clinically monitor for breakthrough fungal infections when azole antifungals are co-administered with rilpivirine.

            • ketoconazole

              ketoconazole increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No rilpivirine dose adjustment is required. Clinically monitor for breakthrough fungal infections when azole antifungals are co-administered with rilpivirine.

            • lapatinib

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of lapatinib by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • levofloxacin

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of levofloxacin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsades de Pointes.

            • lopinavir

              lopinavir increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No dose adjustment is required during concurrent use.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of lopinavir by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • lumefantrine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of lumefantrine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • magnesium chloride

              magnesium chloride decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • magnesium gluconate

              magnesium gluconate decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • magnesium hydroxide

              magnesium hydroxide will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Use Caution/Monitor. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations; use alternative therapy if available

            • magnesium oxide

              magnesium oxide decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should be given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine. For the combination product dolutegravir/rilpivirine, antacids should be given at least 4 hr before or at least 6 hr afterwards.

            • magnesium sulfate

              magnesium sulfate decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • magnesium supplement

              magnesium supplement will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Drug may form a chelate with polyvalent cations; may decrease absorption by the intestinal tract; applies to oral forms; may administer under fasting conditions 2 hr before administering polyvalent cation or 6 hr after

            • maprotiline

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of maprotiline by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • mefloquine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of mefloquine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • metformin

              dolutegravir will increase the level or effect of metformin by decreasing renal clearance. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Dolutegravir inhibits the renal organic cation transporter, OCT2; when used with metformin, limit total daily dose of metformin to 1,000 mg either when starting metformin or dolutegravir; when stopping dolutegravir, adjustment of metformin dose may be necessary; monitor blood glucose when initiating concomitant use and after withdrawal of dolutegravir

            • methadone

              rilpivirine, methadone. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: No dose adjustments are required when initiating co-administration of methadone with rilpivirine. However, clinical monitoring is recommended as methadone maintenance therapy may need to be adjusted in some patients.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of methadone by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • moxifloxacin

              moxifloxacin increases toxicity of rilpivirine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of moxifloxacin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • multivitamins

              multivitamins will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

            • multivitamins, vision

              multivitamins, vision will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir 2 hr (dolutegravir or abacavir/dolutegravir/lamivudine) or 4 hr (dolutegravir/rilpivirine) before or 6 hr after taking medications containing polyvalent cations.

            • nefazodone

              nefazodone increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • nelfinavir

              nelfinavir increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • nilotinib

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of nilotinib by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • nizatidine

              nizatidine will decrease the level or effect of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Concurrent use, may cause treatment failure and/or the development of rilpivirine or NNRTI resistance owing to decreased levels. Administer H2 antagonists at least 12 hours before or at least 4 hours after rilpivirine.

            • nortriptyline

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of nortriptyline by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • octreotide

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of octreotide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • ofloxacin

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of ofloxacin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • orlistat

              orlistat will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Use Caution/Monitor. Loss of virological control reported in HIV-infected patients taking orlistat concomitantly. Exact mechanism is unclear, but may include a drug-drug interaction that inhibits systemic absorption of the antiretroviral drug. Monitor HIV RNA levels frequently and if increased HIV viral load confirmed, discontinue orlistat.

              orlistat will decrease the level or effect of rilpivirine by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Use Caution/Monitor. Loss of virological control reported in HIV-infected patients taking orlistat concomitantly. Exact mechanism is unclear, but may include a drug-drug interaction that inhibits systemic absorption of the antiretroviral drug. Monitor HIV RNA levels frequently and if increased HIV viral load confirmed, discontinue orlistat.

            • osilodrostat

              osilodrostat and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • selenium

              selenium will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir at least 2 h before or 6 h after polyvalent cations. Administer the dolutegravir/rilpivirine combination at least 4 h before or 6 h after polyvalent cations.

            • ozanimod

              ozanimod and rilpivirine both increase QTc interval. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. The potential additive effects on heart rate, treatment with ozanimod should generally not be initiated in patients who are concurrently treated with QT prolonging drugs with known arrhythmogenic properties.

            • paliperidone

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of paliperidone by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • pazopanib

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of pazopanib by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • pentamidine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of pentamidine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • pimozide

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of pimozide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • posaconazole

              posaconazole increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No rilpivirine dose adjustment is required. Clinically monitor for breakthrough fungal infections when azole antifungals are co-administered with rilpivirine.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of posaconazole by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • potassium chloride

              potassium chloride decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • procainamide

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of procainamide by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • propafenone

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of propafenone by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • protriptyline

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of protriptyline by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • quetiapine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of quetiapine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • quinidine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of quinidine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • quinine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of quinine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • ranolazine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of ranolazine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • risperidone

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of risperidone by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • ritonavir

              ritonavir increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No dose adjustment is required during concurrent use.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of ritonavir by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • romidepsin

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of romidepsin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • saquinavir

              saquinavir increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine is not expected to affect the plasma concentrations of co-administered protease inhibitors. .

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of saquinavir by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • selpercatinib

              selpercatinib increases toxicity of rilpivirine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride

              sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride decreases levels of dolutegravir by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir at least 2 hr before or 6 hr after each dose to avoid chelation with magnesium. .

            • sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate

              sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate decreases levels of dolutegravir by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir at least 2 hr before or 6 hr after each dose to avoid chelation with magnesium. .

            • sodium zirconium cyclosilicate

              sodium zirconium cyclosilicate will decrease the level or effect of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Check specific recommendations for drugs that exhibit pH-dependent solubility that may affect their systemic exposure and efficacy. In general, administer drugs at least 2 hr before or after sodium zirconium cyclosilicate.

            • sotalol

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of sotalol by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • sunitinib

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of sunitinib by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • tacrolimus

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of tacrolimus by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • telavancin

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of telavancin by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • thioridazine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of thioridazine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • thiothixene

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of thiothixene by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • tipranavir

              tipranavir increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine is not expected to affect the plasma concentrations of co-administered protease inhibitors. .

            • toremifene

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of toremifene by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • trimagnesium citrate anhydrous

              trimagnesium citrate anhydrous decreases levels of rilpivirine by increasing gastric pH. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of antacids with rilpivirine may cause significant decreases in rilpivirine plasma concentrations because of increased gastric pH. If antacids must be administered, they should given at least 2 hr before or at least 4 hr after rilpivirine.

            • trimipramine

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of trimipramine by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • vandetanib

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of vandetanib by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • voclosporin

              voclosporin, rilpivirine. Either increases effects of the other by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • voriconazole

              voriconazole increases levels of rilpivirine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No rilpivirine dose adjustment is required. Clinically monitor for breakthrough fungal infections when azole antifungals are co-administered with rilpivirine.

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of voriconazole by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • vorinostat

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of vorinostat by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            • zinc

              zinc will decrease the level or effect of dolutegravir by cation binding in GI tract. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Administer dolutegravir at least 2 hr before or 6 hr after oral zinc salts.

            • ziprasidone

              rilpivirine increases toxicity of ziprasidone by QTc interval. Use Caution/Monitor. Rilpivirine should be used with caution when co-administered with a drug with a known risk of Torsade de Pointes.

            Minor (1)

            • chloroquine

              chloroquine increases toxicity of rilpivirine by QTc interval. Minor/Significance Unknown.

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            Adverse Effects

            1-10%

            Dolutegravir

            • Lipase, Grade 2 (5%)
            • Hyperglycemia, Grade 2 (4%)
            • ALT, Grade 2 (2%)
            • Total bilirubin, Grade 2 (2%)
            • Creatine kinase, Grade 3 or 4 (1%)
            • Lipase, Grade 3 or 4 (2%)

            Rilpivirine

            • Lipase, Grade 2 (5%)
            • Hyperglycemia, Grade 3 or 4 (5%)
            • Total bilirubin, Grade 2 (4%)
            • Creatine kinase, Grade 3 or 4 (2%)
            • Lipase, Grade 3 or 4 (2%)

            <1%

            ALT, Grade 3 or 4

            AST, Grade 3 or 4

            Creatine kinase, Grade 2

            Hyperglycemia, Grade 3 or 4

            Postmarketing Reports

            Musculoskeletal disorders: Arthralgia, myalgia

            Hepatobiliary disorders: Acute liver failure, hepatotoxicity

            Renal and genitourinary disorders: Nephrotic syndrome

            Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Severe skin and hypersensitivity reactions including DRESS (drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms)

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            Warnings

            Contraindications

            Documented hypersensitivity to dolutegravir or rilpivirine

            Concomitant use with other drugs

            • Also see Cautions and Dosage Modifications
            • Dofetilide, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampin, rifapentine, dexamethasone, St. John’s wort, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, omeprazole, pantoprazole, rabeprazole

            Cautions

            Depressive disorders (including depressed mood, depression, dysphoria, major depression, mood altered, negative thoughts, suicide attempt, and suicidal ideation) have been associated with rilpivirine

            May 18, 2018: The FDA issued a safety alert regarding the potential risk of neural tube birth defects (see Pregnancy)

            Hepatotoxicity

            • Hepatic adverse events were reported in patients receiving a dolutegravir- or rilpivirine-containing regimen; patients with underlying hepatitis B or C or marked elevations in transaminases prior to treatment may be at increased risk for worsening or development of transaminase elevations
            • Drug-induced liver injury leading to acute liver failure has been reported with dolutegravir-containing products; monitor for hepatotoxicity

            Skin and hypersensitivity reactions

            • Hypersensitivity reactions (eg, rash, constitutional findings, and sometimes organ dysfunction, including liver injury) have been reported
            • Severe skin and hypersensitivity reactions have been reported during postmarketing experience, including cases of DRESS, with rilpivirine-containing regimens
            • Discontinue treatment immediately if signs or symptoms of severe skin or hypersensitivity reactions develop (see Contraindications)

            Drug interactions overview

            • Also see Dosage Modifications
            • Concomitant use of dolutegravir/rilpivirine and other drugs may result in known or potentially significant drug interactions, loss of therapeutic effect of dolutegravir/rilpivirine, possible development of resistance, or possible increases in toxicities of dolutegravir/rilpivirine
            • Because dolutegravir/rilpivirine is a complete regimen, coadministration with other antiretroviral medications is not recommended
            • Dolutegravir inhibits the renal organic cation transporters (OCT)2 and multidrug and toxin extrusion transporter (MATE)1; thus, it may increase plasma concentrations of drugs eliminated via OCT2 or MATE1 (eg, dofetilide and metformin)
            • Potential for other drugs to affect dolutegravir
              • Dolutegravir is metabolized by uridine diphosphate (UDP)-glucuronosyl transferase (UGT)1A1 with some contribution from CYP3A; dolutegravir is also a substrate of UGT1A3, UGT1A9, breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and p-glycoprotein (P-gp) in vitro
              • Drugs that induce those enzymes and transporters may decrease dolutegravir plasma concentrations and reduce the therapeutic effect of dolutegravir
              • Coadministration of dolutegravir and other drugs that inhibit these enzymes may increase dolutegravir plasma concentrations
            • Potential for other drugs to affect rilpivirine
              • Drugs that induce or inhibit CYP3A may affect clearance of rilpivirine
              • Coadministration with CYP3A4 inducers may decrease plasma concentrations of rilpivirine and result in loss of virologic response and possible resistance to rilpivirine OR to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)
              • Coadministration with CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase plasma concentrations of rilpivirine
              • Coadministration with drugs that increase gastric pH may decrease plasma concentrations of rilpivirine and result in loss of virologic response and possible resistance to rilpivirine or to NNRTIs
              • In healthy subjects, rilpivirine 75 mg PO qDay (3 times dolutegravir/rilpivirine dose) and 300 mg PO qDay (12 times dolutegravir/rilpivirine dose) have been shown to prolong the QTc interval; consider alternatives to dolutegravir/rilpivirine when coadministered with a drug with a known risk of torsade de pointes
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            Pregnancy & Lactation

            Pregnancy

            Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) at 1-800-258-4263

            Data from a birth outcome surveillance study has identified an increased risk of neural tube defects when dolutegravir, a component of the drug combination, is administered at time of conception compared with non-dolutegravir-containing antiretroviral regimens

            As defects related to closure of neural tube occur from conception through first 6 weeks of gestation, embryos exposed to dolutegravir from time of conception through first 6 weeks of gestation are at potential risk

            In addition, 2 of 5 birth defects (encephalocele and iniencephaly), which have been observed with dolutegravir use, although often termed neural tube defects, may occur post-neural tube closure, the time period of which may be later than 6 weeks of gestation, but within first trimester

            Due to limited understanding of types of reported neural tube defects associated with dolutegravir use and because date of conception may not be determined with precision, an alternative treatment should be considered at time of conception through first trimester of pregnancy

            Initiation of therapy is not recommended in individuals actively trying to become pregnant unless there is no suitable alternative

            In individuals of childbearing potential currently on therapy who are actively trying to become pregnant, or if pregnancy is confirmed in first trimester, assess risks and benefits of continuing therapy versus switching to another antiretroviral regimen and consider switching to an alternative regimen

            Advise pregnant individuals of the potential risk to embryo exposed to drug from time of conception through first trimester of pregnancy; a benefit-risk assessment should consider factors such as feasibility of switching, tolerability, ability to maintain viral suppression, and risk of transmission to the infant against the risk of neural tube defects

            Animal data

            • In animal reproduction studies, no evidence of adverse developmental outcomes was observed with dolutegravir or rilpivirine
            • During organogenesis in the rat and rabbit, systemic exposures (AUC) to dolutegravir were less than (rabbits) and 38 times (rats) and exposures to rilpivirine were 15 (rats) and 70 (rabbits) times the exposure at the recommended human dose (RHD)
            • In rat prenatal and postnatal development studies, maternal systemic exposures (AUC) to dolutegravir and rilpivirine were ~32 and 63 times, respectively, exposures of each component in humans at the RHD

            Potential risk of neural tube birth defects

            • Serious cases of neural tube birth defects involving the brain, spine, and spinal cord reported in babies born to women treated with dolutegravir
            • Recommendations
              • Patients should not discontinue dolutegravir without consulting a healthcare professional because stopping your medicine can cause the HIV infection to worsen
              • Pregnant women stopping dolutegravir-containing regimen without switching to alternative HIV medicines could cause the amount of virus to increase and spread HIV to your baby
              • Healthcare providers should weigh the benefits and the risks of dolutegravir when prescribing antiretroviral medicines to women of childbearing age; consider alternative antiretroviral medicines; discuss the relative risks and benefits of appropriate alternative antiretroviral therapies
              • Women of childbearing age who decide to take a dolutegravir-containing regimen should consistently use effective birth control (contraception) while on HIV treatment; women should discuss their healthcare professionals about an effective birth control method to use while taking a dolutegravir-containing regimen
              • Perform pregnancy testing before initiating a dolutegravir-containing regimen in women of childbearing age to exclude pregnancy

            Lactation

            The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention do not recommend HIV-1-infected mothers in the United States breastfeed their infants to avoid risking postnatal transmission of HIV-1 infection

            Unknown whether dolutegravir/rilpivirine or its components are present in human breast milk, affect human milk production, or have effects on the breastfed infant

            When administered to lactating rats, dolutegravir and rilpivirine were present in milk

            Because of potential for HIV-1 transmission (in HIV-negative infants), developing viral resistance (in HIV-positive infants), and adverse reactions in a breastfed infant similar to those seen in adults, instruct mothers not to breastfeed if they are receiving therapy

            Pregnancy Categories

            A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

            B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

            C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

            D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

            X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

            NA: Information not available.

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            Pharmacology

            Mechanism of Action

            Dolutegravir

            • Integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI); inhibits catalytic activity of HIV-1 integrase, an HIV-encoded enzyme required for viral replication

            Rilpivirine

            • Antiviral agent; diarylpyrimidine NNRTI of HIV-1
            • Inhibits HIV-1 replication by noncompetitive inhibition of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase
            • Does not inhibit the human cellular DNA polymerases alpha, beta, and gamma

            Absorption

            Peak plasma concentration: 3.67 mcg/mL (dolutegravir); 0.13 mcg/mL (rilpivirine)

            Peak plasma time: 3 hr (dolutegravir); 4 hr (rilpivirine)

            AUC ratio, moderate-fat meal: 1.87 (dolutegravir); 1.57 (rilpivirine)

            AUC ratio, high-fat meal: 1.87 (dolutegravir); 1.72 (rilpivirine)

            Distribution

            Protein bound: ~99%

            Blood-to-ratio: 0.5 (dolutegravir); 0.7 (rilpivirine)

            Metabolism

            Dolutegravir: Primarily metabolized by UGT1A1; CYP3A (minor)

            Rilpivirine: Primarily metabolized by CYP3A

            Excretion

            Half-life: 14 hr (dolutegravir); 50 hr (rilpivirine)

            Excretion, urine: 31% (dolutegravir), <1% (unchanged dolutegravir); 6.5% (rilpivirine), <1% (unchanged rilpivirine)

            Excretion, feces: 64% (dolutegravir), 53% (unchanged dolutegravir); 85% (rilpivirine), 25% (unchanged rilpivirine)

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            Administration

            Oral administration

            Take with a meal

            Storage

            Tablets

            • Store at room temperature, 20-25°C (68-77°F); excursions permitted 15-30°C (59-86°F)
            • Store and dispense in original package, protect from moisture, and keep bottle tightly closed
            • Do not remove desiccant
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            Images

            No images available for this drug.
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            Patient Handout

            A Patient Handout is not currently available for this monograph.
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            Formulary

            FormularyPatient Discounts

            Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.

            To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.

            Adding plans allows you to:

            • View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
            • Manage and view all your plans together – even plans in different states.
            • Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
            • Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.

            The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

            Tier Description
            1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
            2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
            3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
            4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
            Code Definition
            PA Prior Authorization
            Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
            QL Quantity Limits
            Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
            ST Step Therapy
            Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
            OR Other Restrictions
            Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
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            Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.