amlodipine (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Norvasc, Katerzia
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatricGeriatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

tablet

  • 2.5mg (Norvasc, generic)
  • 5mg (Norvasc, generic)
  • 10mg (Norvasc, generic)

oral suspension

  • 1mg/mL (Katerzia)

Hypertension

Indicated for hypertension, to lower blood pressure

Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarctions

5 mg/day PO initially; may be increased by 2.5 mg/day every 7-14 days; not to exceed 10 mg/day maintenance: 5-10 mg/day

Adjust dosage according to blood pressure goals

Angina & Coronary Artery Disease

Treatment of chronic stable angina, vasospastic angina (Prinzmetal or variant angina), and angiographically documented CAD in patients without heart failure or EF <40%

5-10 mg/day PO initially; maintenance: 10 mg/day PO

Dosage Modifications

Renal impairment

  • Pharmacokinetics of amlodipine are not significantly affected by renal impairment; therefore no dosage adjustment necessary

Hepatic impairment

  • Lower initial dose may be required for patients with hepatic impairment
  • Consider starting with 2.5 mg/day PO

Dosage Forms & Strengths

tablet

  • 2.5mg (Norvasc, generic)
  • 5mg (Norvasc, generic)
  • 10mg (Norvasc, generic)

oral suspension

  • 1mg/mL (Katerzia)

Hypertension

<6 years: Safety and efficacy not established

6-17 years

  • Indicated for hypertension, to lower blood pressure
  • Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarctions
  • 2.5-5 mg/day PO; doses above 5 mg/day have not been studied

Dosage Modifications

Renal impairment

  • Pharmacokinetics of amlodipine are not significantly affected by renal impairment; therefore no dosage adjustment necessary

Hepatic impairment

  • Lower initial dose may be required for patients with hepatic impairment
  • Consider starting with 2.5 mg/day PO

Start dosing at low end of dosing range; elderly patients have greater frequency of decreased renal, hepatic or cardiac function

Hypertension

2.5-5 mg/day PO initially; may be increased by 2.5 mg/day every 7-14 days; not to exceed 10 mg/day PO; maintenance: 5-10 mg/day PO

Angina & Coronary Artery Disease

Treatment of chronic stable angina, vasospastic angina (Prinzmetal or variant angina), and angiographically documented CAD in patients without heart failure or EF <40%

2.5-10 mg/day PO initially; maintenance: 10 mg/day PO

Angina

2.5-10 mg/day PO; maintenance: 10 mg/day

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Interactions

Interaction Checker

and amlodipine

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            Contraindicated (1)

            • dantrolene

              dantrolene, amlodipine. Either increases toxicity of the other by Mechanism: pharmacodynamic synergism. Contraindicated. Rare incidence of cardiovascular collapse and marked hyperkalemia observed when coadministered; may be higher risk with nondihydropyridine calcium channel blockers.

            Serious - Use Alternative (15)

            • abametapir

              abametapir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. For 2 weeks after abametapir application, avoid taking drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates. If not feasible, avoid use of abametapir.

            • apalutamide

              apalutamide will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration of apalutamide, a strong CYP3A4 inducer, with drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates can result in lower exposure to these medications. Avoid or substitute another drug for these medications when possible. Evaluate for loss of therapeutic effect if medication must be coadministered. Adjust dose according to prescribing information if needed.

            • chloramphenicol

              chloramphenicol will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • chloroquine

              chloroquine will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • conivaptan

              conivaptan will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Calcium channel blockers with depressant effects on the sinus and AV nodes could potentiate dronedarone's effects on conduction. Give a low dose of calcium channel blockers initially and increase only ECG is reviewed and tolerated.

            • diltiazem

              diltiazem will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant use with amlodipine and diltiazem reported an a 60% increase in amlodipine AUC. Monitor increased effects and toxicities (eg, bradycardia, sinus arrest, decreased cardiac output) if amiodarone is concomitantly used with nondihydropyridine calcium channel blocker (ie, diltiazem).

            • enzalutamide

              enzalutamide will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • fexinidazole

              fexinidazole will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Fexinidazole inhibits CYP3A4. Coadministration may increase risk for adverse effects of CYP3A4 substrates.

            • idelalisib

              idelalisib will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Idelalisib is a strong CYP3A inhibitor; avoid coadministration with sensitive CYP3A substrates

            • ivosidenib

              ivosidenib will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration of sensitive CYP3A4 substrates with ivosidenib or replace with alternate therapies. If coadministration is unavoidable, monitor patients for loss of therapeutic effect of these drugs.

            • lofexidine

              lofexidine, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration with other drugs that decrease pulse or blood pressure to mitigate risk of excessive bradycardia and hypotension.

            • lonafarnib

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of lonafarnib by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If coadministration of lonafarnib (a sensitive CYP3A substrate) with weak CYP3A inhibitors is unavoidable, reduce to, or continue lonafarnib at starting dose. Closely monitor for arrhythmias and events (eg, syncope, heart palpitations) since lonafarnib effect on QT interval is unknown.

              lonafarnib will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration with sensitive CYP3A substrates. If coadministration unavoidable, monitor for adverse reactions and reduce CYP3A substrate dose in accordance with product labeling.

            • nifedipine

              nifedipine will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • simvastatin

              amlodipine increases levels of simvastatin by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Benefits of combination therapy should be carefully weighed against the potential risks of combination. Potential for increased risk of myopathy/rhabdomyolysis. Limit simvastatin dose to no more than 20 mg/day when used concurrently.

            • voxelotor

              voxelotor will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Voxelotor increases systemic exposure of sensitive CYP3A4 substrates. Avoid coadministration with sensitive CYP3A4 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index. Consider dose reduction of the sensitive CYP3A4 substrate(s) if unable to avoid.

            Monitor Closely (130)

            • acebutolol

              acebutolol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • aldesleukin

              aldesleukin increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypotension.

            • alfuzosin

              alfuzosin and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • amifostine

              amifostine, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration with blood pressure lowering agents may increase the risk and severity of hypotension associated with amifostine. When amifostine is used at chemotherapeutic doses, withhold blood pressure lowering medications for 24 hr prior to amifostine; if blood pressure lowering medication cannot be withheld, do not administer amifostine.

            • asenapine

              asenapine and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • atenolol

              atenolol, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Both drugs lower blood pressure.

            • atogepant

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of atogepant by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • avanafil

              avanafil increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypotension.

            • avapritinib

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of avapritinib by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • axitinib

              amlodipine increases levels of axitinib by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • belzutifan

              belzutifan will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. If unable to avoid coadministration of belzutifan with sensitive CYP3A4 substrates, consider increasing the sensitive CYP3A4 substrate dose in accordance with its prescribing information.

            • betaxolol

              betaxolol, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Both drugs lower blood pressure.

            • bisoprolol

              bisoprolol, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Both drugs lower blood pressure.

            • bosentan

              bosentan will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for decreased effects of amlodipine (CYP3A4 substrate) if bosentan is initiated/dose increased. Also, monitor toxicities of amlodipine if bosentan is discontinued/dose decreased.

            • bretylium

              amlodipine, bretylium. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Each drug may cause hypotension.

            • butabarbital

              butabarbital will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • butalbital

              butalbital will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • calcium acetate

              calcium acetate decreases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • calcium carbonate

              calcium carbonate decreases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • calcium chloride

              calcium chloride decreases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • calcium citrate

              calcium citrate decreases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • calcium gluconate

              calcium gluconate decreases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • carbamazepine

              carbamazepine will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • carbidopa

              carbidopa increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

            • carvedilol

              carvedilol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • celiprolol

              celiprolol, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Both drugs lower blood pressure.

            • cenobamate

              cenobamate will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Increase dose of CYP3A4 substrate, as needed, when coadministered with cenobamate.

            • clarithromycin

              clarithromycin will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased effect of calcium channel blockers may lead to hypotension, edema, decreased HR, and acute kidney injury due to reduced renal blood flow

            • clevidipine

              amlodipine and clevidipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • cobicistat

              cobicistat will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • crizotinib

              crizotinib increases levels of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Dose reduction may be needed for coadministered drugs that are predominantly metabolized by CYP3A.

            • cyclosporine

              cyclosporine will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

              amlodipine increases levels of cyclosporine by unspecified interaction mechanism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. A prospective study in renal transplant recipients averaged a 40% increase in cyclosporine trough levels.

            • dabrafenib

              dabrafenib will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • darunavir

              darunavir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • deferasirox

              deferasirox will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • dichlorphenamide

              dichlorphenamide and amlodipine both decrease serum potassium. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • diltiazem

              amlodipine and diltiazem both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • doxazosin

              doxazosin and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • dronedarone

              dronedarone will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Calcium channel blockers with depressant effects on the sinus and AV nodes could potentiate dronedarone's effects on conduction. Give a low dose of calcium channel blockers initially and increase only ECG is reviewed and tolerated.

            • efavirenz

              efavirenz will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • elagolix

              elagolix will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Elagolix is a weak-to-moderate CYP3A4 inducer. Monitor CYP3A substrates if coadministered. Consider increasing CYP3A substrate dose if needed.

            • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF

              elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF increases levels of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Cobicistat is a CYP3A4 inhibitor; contraindicated with CYP3A4 substrates for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events.

            • encorafenib

              encorafenib, amlodipine. affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Encorafenib both inhibits and induces CYP3A4 at clinically relevant plasma concentrations. Coadministration of encorafenib with sensitive CYP3A4 substrates may result in increased toxicity or decreased efficacy of these agents.

            • erythromycin base

              erythromycin base will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • erythromycin ethylsuccinate

              erythromycin ethylsuccinate will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • erythromycin lactobionate

              erythromycin lactobionate will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • erythromycin stearate

              erythromycin stearate will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • eslicarbazepine acetate

              eslicarbazepine acetate will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • esmolol

              esmolol, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Both drugs lower blood pressure.

            • fedratinib

              fedratinib will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Adjust dose of drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates as necessary.

            • felodipine

              amlodipine and felodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • finerenone

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of finerenone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Monitor serum potassium during initiation and dosage adjustment of either finererone or weak CYP3A4 inhibitors. Adjust finererone dosage as needed.

            • flibanserin

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of flibanserin by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased flibanserin adverse effects may occur if coadministered with multiple weak CYP3A4 inhibitors.

            • fluconazole

              fluconazole will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • fosamprenavir

              fosamprenavir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • fosphenytoin

              fosphenytoin will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • griseofulvin

              griseofulvin will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • iloperidone

              iloperidone and amlodipine both increase additive vasodilation. Use Caution/Monitor. Calcium channel blockers with iloperidone may potentiate the hypotensive effects.

            • isavuconazonium sulfate

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of isavuconazonium sulfate by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • isradipine

              amlodipine and isradipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • istradefylline

              istradefylline will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Istradefylline 40 mg/day increased peak levels and AUC of CYP3A4 substrates in clinical trials. This effect was not observed with istradefylline 20 mg/day. Consider dose reduction of sensitive CYP3A4 substrates.

            • itraconazole

              itraconazole will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. CCBs elicit negative inotropic effects which may be additive to those of itraconazole; additionally, itraconazole can inhibit the metabolism of calcium channel blockers. Monitor for adverse reactions. Concomitant drug dose reduction may be necessary.

            • ketoconazole

              ketoconazole will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • labetalol

              labetalol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • lemborexant

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of lemborexant by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Lower nightly dose of lemborexant recommended if coadministered with weak CYP3A4 inhibitors. See drug monograph for specific dosage modification.

            • lesinurad

              lesinurad decreases levels of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • letermovir

              letermovir increases levels of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • levodopa

              levodopa increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider decreasing dosage of antihypertensive agent.

            • lomitapide

              amlodipine increases levels of lomitapide by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Lomitapide dose should not exceed 30 mg/day.

            • lopinavir

              lopinavir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • lorlatinib

              lorlatinib will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • lurasidone

              lurasidone increases effects of amlodipine by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Potential for increased risk of hypotension with concurrent use. Monitor blood pressure and adjust dose of antihypertensive agent as needed.

            • magnesium supplement

              magnesium supplement, amlodipine. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Calcium channel blockers may increase toxic effects of magnesium; magnesium may increase hypotensive effects of calcium channel blockers.

            • maraviroc

              maraviroc, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Increased risk of orthostatic hypotension.

            • mefloquine

              mefloquine increases levels of amlodipine by decreasing metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of arrhythmia.

            • metformin

              amlodipine decreases effects of metformin by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Patient should be closely observed for loss of blood glucose control; when drugs are withdrawn from a patient receiving metformin, patient should be observed closely for hypoglycemia.

            • methylphenidate

              methylphenidate will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic antagonism. Use Caution/Monitor. Methylphenidate may diminish antihypertensive effects. Monitor BP.

            • midazolam intranasal

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of midazolam intranasal by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of mild CYP3A4 inhibitors with midazolam intranasal may cause higher midazolam systemic exposure, which may prolong sedation.

            • mifepristone

              mifepristone will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • mitotane

              mitotane decreases levels of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Mitotane is a strong inducer of cytochrome P-4503A4; monitor when coadministered with CYP3A4 substrates for possible dosage adjustments.

            • moxisylyte

              moxisylyte and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • nadolol

              nadolol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • nebivolol

              nebivolol, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Both drugs lower blood pressure.

            • nefazodone

              nefazodone will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • nevirapine

              nevirapine will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • nicardipine

              amlodipine and nicardipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • nifedipine

              amlodipine and nifedipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • nilotinib

              nilotinib will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • nisoldipine

              amlodipine and nisoldipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • nitroglycerin rectal

              nitroglycerin rectal, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Marked orthostatic hypotension has been reported when calcium channel blockers and organic nitrates were used concomitantly. Observe for possible additive hypotensive effects during concomitant use. .

            • nitroglycerin sublingual

              amlodipine, nitroglycerin sublingual. Either increases toxicity of the other by additive vasodilation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Marked orthostatic hypotension reported with concomitant use.

            • nitroprusside sodium

              amlodipine increases effects of nitroprusside sodium by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir & dasabuvir

              ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir & dasabuvir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Decrease dose of calcium channel blocker; dose of amlodipine should be decreased by at least 50%; clinical monitoring of patients is recommended for edema and/or signs and symptoms of hypotension. if such events occur, consider further dose reduction of calcium channel blocker or switching to alternative to calcium channel blocker

              ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir & dasabuvir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by altering metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Decrease dose of calcium channel blocker; dose of amlodipine should be decreased by at least 50%; clinical monitoring of patients is recommended for edema and/or signs and symptoms of hypotension. if such events occur, consider further dose reduction of calcium channel blocker or switching to alternative to calcium channel blocker

            • penbutolol

              penbutolol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • pentobarbital

              pentobarbital will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • phenobarbital

              phenobarbital will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • phenoxybenzamine

              phenoxybenzamine and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • phentolamine

              phentolamine and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • phenytoin

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of phenytoin by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • pindolol

              pindolol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • posaconazole

              posaconazole will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • prazosin

              prazosin and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • primidone

              primidone will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • propranolol

              propranolol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • ribociclib

              ribociclib will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • rifabutin

              rifabutin will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • rifampin

              rifampin will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • rifapentine

              rifapentine will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • ritonavir

              ritonavir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • rucaparib

              rucaparib will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Adjust dosage of CYP3A4 substrates, if clinically indicated.

            • saquinavir

              saquinavir increases levels of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Potential for increased toxicity. .

            • silodosin

              silodosin and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride

              amlodipine, sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride. Either increases effects of the other by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for hypotension or muscle weakness in patients receiving calcium channel blockers with elevated serum magnesium concentrations.

            • sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate

              amlodipine, sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate. Either increases effects of the other by unknown mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for hypotension or muscle weakness in patients receiving calcium channel blockers with elevated serum magnesium concentrations.

            • sotalol

              sotalol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • St John's Wort

              St John's Wort will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • stiripentol

              stiripentol, amlodipine. affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Stiripentol is a CYP3A4 inhibitor and inducer. Monitor CYP3A4 substrates coadministered with stiripentol for increased or decreased effects. CYP3A4 substrates may require dosage adjustment.

            • tacrolimus

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of tacrolimus by unspecified interaction mechanism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Adjust dose when appropriate.

            • tadalafil

              tadalafil increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Risk of hypotension.

            • tazemetostat

              tazemetostat will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

              amlodipine will decrease the level or effect of tazemetostat by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • tecovirimat

              tecovirimat will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Tecovirimat is a weak CYP3A4 inducer. Monitor sensitive CYP3A4 substrates for effectiveness if coadministered.

            • temsirolimus

              amlodipine increases toxicity of temsirolimus by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Combination of mTOR inhibitors with calcium channel blockers increases risk of angioedema.

            • terazosin

              terazosin and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • timolol

              timolol and amlodipine both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • tinidazole

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of tinidazole by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • tipranavir

              tipranavir increases levels of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Potential for increased toxicity. Tipranavir is used with ritonavir (boosted therapy) which is a potent CYP3A4 inhibitor.

            • trimagnesium citrate anhydrous

              trimagnesium citrate anhydrous, amlodipine. Either increases effects of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Possible additive effect of magnesium and calcium channel blockers on reduction of ionic calcium may increase risk of hypotension or muscle weakness.

            • verapamil

              amlodipine and verapamil both increase anti-hypertensive channel blocking. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • voriconazole

              voriconazole will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

              voriconazole increases levels of amlodipine by decreasing metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • xipamide

              xipamide increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            Minor (41)

            • agrimony

              agrimony increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • amobarbital

              amobarbital will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • aprepitant

              aprepitant will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • armodafinil

              armodafinil will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • artemether/lumefantrine

              artemether/lumefantrine will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • atazanavir

              atazanavir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • atracurium

              amlodipine increases effects of atracurium by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • brimonidine

              brimonidine increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • cisatracurium

              amlodipine increases effects of cisatracurium by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • cornsilk

              cornsilk increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • dasatinib

              dasatinib will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • dexamethasone

              dexamethasone will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • DHEA, herbal

              DHEA, herbal will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • etravirine

              etravirine will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • fo-ti

              fo-ti increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • forskolin

              forskolin increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • grapefruit

              grapefruit will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • incobotulinumtoxinA

              amlodipine increases effects of incobotulinumtoxinA by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • lithium

              amlodipine increases toxicity of lithium by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Increased risk of neurotoxicity.

            • maitake

              maitake increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • metipranolol ophthalmic

              metipranolol ophthalmic increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • modafinil

              modafinil will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • nelfinavir

              nelfinavir will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • octacosanol

              octacosanol increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • onabotulinumtoxinA

              amlodipine increases effects of onabotulinumtoxinA by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • oxcarbazepine

              oxcarbazepine will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • pancuronium

              amlodipine increases effects of pancuronium by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • porfimer

              amlodipine decreases levels of porfimer by unspecified interaction mechanism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • quinupristin/dalfopristin

              quinupristin/dalfopristin will increase the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • rapacuronium

              amlodipine increases effects of rapacuronium by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • reishi

              reishi increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • rocuronium

              amlodipine increases effects of rocuronium by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • rufinamide

              rufinamide will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • ruxolitinib

              amlodipine will increase the level or effect of ruxolitinib by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • secobarbital

              secobarbital will decrease the level or effect of amlodipine by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • shepherd's purse

              shepherd's purse, amlodipine. Other (see comment). Minor/Significance Unknown. Comment: Theoretically, shepherd's purse may interfere with BP control.

            • succinylcholine

              amlodipine increases effects of succinylcholine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • tizanidine

              tizanidine increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Risk of hypotension.

            • treprostinil

              treprostinil increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

            • vecuronium

              amlodipine increases effects of vecuronium by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown. Ca Channel Blockers interfere w/Ach release from prejunctional axon.

            • verteporfin

              amlodipine increases levels of verteporfin by pharmacodynamic synergism. Minor/Significance Unknown.

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            Adverse Effects

            >10%

            Edema (1.8-10.8%)

            1-10%

            Headache (7.3%)

            Fatigue (4.5%)

            Palpitations (0.7-4.5%)

            Dizziness (1.1-3.4%)

            Nausea (2.9%)

            Flushing (0.7-2.6%)

            Abdominal pain (1.6%)

            Somnolence (1.4%)

            Asthenia (1-2%)

            Pruritus (1-2%)

            Skin rash (1-2%)

            Muscle cramps (1-2%)

            Male sexual dysfunction (1-2%)

            <1%

            Cardiovascular: Arrhythmia (eg, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation), bradycardia, chest pain, peripheral ischemia, syncope, tachycardia, vasculitis

            Central and peripheral nervous system: Hypoesthesia, neuropathy peripheral, paresthesia, tremor, vertigo

            Gastrointestinal: Anorexia, constipation, dysphagia, diarrhea, flatulence, pancreatitis, vomiting, gingival hyperplasia

            General: Allergic reaction, asthenia, back pain, hot flushes, malaise, pain, rigors, weight gain, weight decrease

            Musculoskeletal system: Arthralgia, arthrosis, muscle cramps, myalgia

            Psychiatric: Sexual dysfunction (male and female), insomnia, nervousness, depression, abnormal dreams, anxiety, depersonalization

            Respiratory system: dyspnea, epistaxis

            Skin and appendages: Angioedema, erythema multiforme, pruritus, rash, rash erythematous, rash maculopapular

            Special senses: Abnormal vision, conjunctivitis, diplopia, eye pain, tinnitus

            Urinary system: Micturition frequency, micturition disorder, nocturia

            Autonomic nervous system: Dry mouth, sweating increased

            Metabolic and nutritional: hyperglycemia, thirst

            Hemopoietic: leukopenia, purpura, thrombocytopenia

            Frequency not defined

            Pulmonary edema (higher incidence in heart failure patients)

            Postmarketing Reports

            Extrapyramidal disorder

            Jaundice and hepatic enzyme elevations (mostly consistent with cholestasis or hepatitis)

            Gynecomastia

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            Warnings

            Contraindications

            Hypersensitivity

            Cautions

            Symptomatic hypotension is possible, particularly with severe aortic stenosis; owing to gradual onset of action, acute hypotension unlikely

            Worsening of angina and acute myocardial infarction (MI) can develop after dose is started or increased, particularly with severe obstructive CAD

            Extensively metabolized by the liver and plasma elimination half-life is 56 hr in patients with hepatic impairment; titrate slowly when treating patients with severe hepatic impairment

            Drug interaction overview

            • Sildenafil: Monitor for hypotension when sildenafil is coadministered with amlodipine
            • CYP3A4 Inhibitors
              • Coadministration with moderate or strong CYP3A inhibitors may increase systemic exposure to amlodipine and may require dose reduction
              • Monitor for symptoms of hypotension and edema when amlodipine is coadministered with CYP3A inhibitors
            • CYP3A4 inducers
              • No information available on the quantitative effects of CYP3A4 inducers on amlodipine
              • Closely monitor blood pressure when amlodipine is coadministered with CYP3A4 inducers
            • Simvastatin
              • Coadministration of simvastatin with amlodipine increases the systemic exposure of simvastatin
              • Limit simvastatin dose in patients on amlodipine 20 mg/day
            • Immunosuppressants
              • Amlodipine may increase systemic exposure of cyclosporine or tacrolimus when coadministered
              • Frequent monitoring trough blood levels of cyclosporine and tacrolimus and adjust dose when appropriate
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            Pregnancy & Lactation

            Pregnancy

            Limited available data based on postmarketing reports are insufficient to inform a drug-associated risk for major birth defects and miscarriage during pregnancy

            Clinical considerations

            • Hypertension in pregnancy increases maternal risk for pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, premature delivery, and delivery complications (eg, need for cesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage)
            • Hypertension increases fetal risk for intrauterine growth restriction and intrauterine death
            • Carefully monitor pregnant women with hypertension and manage accordingly

            Lactation

            Limited available data from a published clinical lactation study reports that amlodipine is present in human milk at an estimated median relative infant dose

            No adverse effects of amlodipine on breastfed infant reported

            There is no available information on effects of amlodipine on milk production

            Pregnancy Categories

            A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

            B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

            C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

            D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

            X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

            NA: Information not available.

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            Pharmacology

            Mechanism of Action

            Inhibits transmembrane influx of extracellular calcium ions across membranes of myocardial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells without changing serum calcium concentrations; this inhibits cardiac and vascular smooth muscle contraction, thereby dilating main coronary and systemic arteries

            Increases myocardial oxygen delivery in patients with vasospastic angina

            Absorption

            Bioavailability: 64-90%

            Onset: 24-96 hr

            Duration: 24 hr (antihypertensive effect)

            Peak plasma time: 6-12 hr

            Steady-state plasma levels are reached after 7-8 days of consecutive dosing

            Distribution

            Protein bound: 93-98%

            Vd: 21 L/kg

            Metabolism

            Extensively metabolized in liver by CYP3A4

            Metabolites: Pyridine analogue (inactive)

            Elimination

            Half-life: 30-50 hr

            Excretion: Urine (10% [parent]; 60% [inactive metabolites])

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            Administration

            Oral Administration

            Take with or without food

            Suspension: Shake well before using

            Storage

            Tablets: Store bottles at controlled room temperature, 15-30°C (59-86°F) and dispense in tight, light-resistant containers

            Oral suspension: Refrigerate at 2-8°C (36-46°F); avoid freezing and excessive heat; protect from light

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            Images

            BRAND FORM. UNIT PRICE PILL IMAGE
            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            amlodipine oral
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            2.5 mg tablet
            amlodipine oral
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            2.5 mg tablet
            Norvasc oral
            -
            2.5 mg tablet
            Norvasc oral
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            5 mg tablet
            Norvasc oral
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            10 mg tablet

            Copyright © 2010 First DataBank, Inc.

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            Patient Handout

            Patient Education
            amlodipine oral

            AMLODIPINE - ORAL

            (am-LOE-di-peen)

            COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Norvasc

            USES: Amlodipine is used with or without other medications to treat high blood pressure. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. Amlodipine belongs to a class of drugs known as calcium channel blockers. It works by relaxing blood vessels so blood can flow more easily.Amlodipine is also used to prevent certain types of chest pain (angina). It may help to increase your ability to exercise and decrease the frequency of angina attacks. It should not be used to treat attacks of chest pain when they occur. Use other medications (such as sublingual nitroglycerin) to relieve attacks of chest pain as directed by your doctor.

            HOW TO USE: Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking amlodipine and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually once daily.If you are using the liquid form of this medication, check the manufacturer's information or ask your pharmacist for specific directions. Some brands of the liquid form should be shaken before use, while other brands do not need to be shaken before use. Carefully measure the dose using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct doseThe dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Your doctor may gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully.Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day. Keep taking this medication even if you feel well. Most people with high blood pressure do not feel sick.If used for angina, this medication must be taken regularly to be effective. It should not be used to treat angina when it occurs. Use other medications (such as sublingual nitroglycerin) to relieve an angina attack as directed by your doctor. Consult your doctor or pharmacist for details.Tell your doctor if your condition does not improve or if it worsens (for example, your blood pressure readings remain high or increase, chest pain continues or worsens).

            SIDE EFFECTS: Dizziness, lightheadedness, swelling ankles/feet, or flushing may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.To lower your risk of dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly when rising from a sitting or lying position.Remember that this medication has been prescribed because your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor right away if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: fast/irregular/pounding heartbeat, fainting.Although this medication is effective in preventing chest pain (angina), some people who already have severe heart disease may rarely develop worsening chest pain or a heart attack after starting this medication or increasing the dose. Get medical help right away if you experience: worsening chest pain, symptoms of a heart attack (such as chest/jaw/left arm pain, shortness of breath, unusual sweating).A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

            PRECAUTIONS: Before taking amlodipine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to other dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (such as nisoldipine, nifedipine) or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: a certain structural heart problem (aortic stenosis), very low blood pressure, liver disease.This drug may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Limit alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).Older adults may be more sensitive to the effects of this drug, especially dizziness.During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.This drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

            DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.Some products have ingredients that could raise your blood pressure. Tell your pharmacist what products you are using, and ask how to use them safely (especially cough-and-cold products, diet aids, or NSAIDs such as ibuprofen/naproxen).

            OVERDOSE: If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: fainting, severe dizziness.

            NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.Lifestyle changes that may help this medication work better include exercising, stopping smoking, reducing stress, and eating a low-cholesterol/low-fat diet. Consult your doctor for more details.Lab and/or medical tests (such as blood pressure) should be done while you are taking this medication. Keep all medical and lab appointments. Consult your doctor for more details.Check your blood pressure regularly while taking this medication. Learn how to monitor your own blood pressure at home, and share the results with your doctor.

            MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

            STORAGE: Store the tablets at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.Store the liquid form of this medication in the refrigerator away from light. Do not freeze.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details.

            Information last revised August 2021. Copyright(c) 2021 First Databank, Inc.

            IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

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            Formulary

            FormularyPatient Discounts

            Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.

            To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.

            Adding plans allows you to:

            • View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
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            • Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
            • Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.

            The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

            Tier Description
            1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
            2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
            3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
            4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
            Code Definition
            PA Prior Authorization
            Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
            QL Quantity Limits
            Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
            ST Step Therapy
            Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
            OR Other Restrictions
            Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
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            Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.