carbidopa (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Lodosyn
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

(tablet)

  • 25 mg

Parkinson's Disease

For use with carbidopa-levodopa or with levodopa for Parkinson's disease in patients for whom the dosage of carbidopa-levodopa combo provides less than adequate daily dosage of carbidopa, or in patients whose dosage requirement of carbidopa & levodopa necessitates separate titration of each entity

Dosage dependent upon concurrent dose of carbidopa-levodopa or levodopa & patient's specific needs

Patients taking Sinemet 10/100: Administer 25 mg carbidopa daily with first daily dose of Sinemet 10/100 if necessary; may administer 12.5-25 mg carbidopa with each subsequent dose of Sinemet 10/100; not to exceed 200 mg carbidopa/day including carbidopa from Sinemet

Patients taking Sinemet 25/250 or 25/100: Administer 25 mg carbidopa daily with either Sinemet strength throughout the day; not to exceed 200 mg/day of carbidopa including the Sinemet combination

Titration of carbidpa and levodopa (individually)

  • Administer 25 mg carbidopa PO q6-8hr concurrently with levodopa; administer 20-25% less than the previous levodopa in carbidopa naive patients; first dose of carbidopa should be taken ≤12hr after the test dose of levodopa in carbidopa naive patients; increase or decrease dose by 1/2 or 1 tab/day

Safety & efficacy in children not established

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Interactions

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                Monitor Closely (68)

                • acebutolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of acebutolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • alfuzosin

                  carbidopa increases effects of alfuzosin by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for hypotension.

                • amiloride

                  carbidopa increases effects of amiloride by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • amlodipine

                  carbidopa increases effects of amlodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • asenapine

                  carbidopa increases effects of asenapine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for hypotension.

                • atenolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of atenolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • benazepril

                  carbidopa increases effects of benazepril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • betaxolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of betaxolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • bisoprolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of bisoprolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • bosentan

                  carbidopa increases effects of bosentan by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • bumetanide

                  carbidopa increases effects of bumetanide by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • captopril

                  carbidopa increases effects of captopril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • carvedilol

                  carbidopa increases effects of carvedilol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • chlorothiazide

                  carbidopa increases effects of chlorothiazide by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • chlorthalidone

                  carbidopa increases effects of chlorthalidone by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • clevidipine

                  carbidopa increases effects of clevidipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • clonidine

                  carbidopa increases effects of clonidine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • doxazosin

                  carbidopa increases effects of doxazosin by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • droxidopa

                  carbidopa decreases effects of droxidopa by decreasing metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Carbidopa, a peripheral dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor, could prevent the conversion of droxidopa to norepinephrine; increased droxidopa dose may be required.

                • enalapril

                  carbidopa increases effects of enalapril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • eplerenone

                  carbidopa increases effects of eplerenone by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • epoprostenol

                  carbidopa increases effects of epoprostenol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • esmolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of esmolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • ethacrynic acid

                  carbidopa increases effects of ethacrynic acid by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • felodipine

                  carbidopa increases effects of felodipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • fenoldopam

                  carbidopa increases effects of fenoldopam by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • fosinopril

                  carbidopa increases effects of fosinopril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • furosemide

                  carbidopa increases effects of furosemide by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • guanfacine

                  carbidopa increases effects of guanfacine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • hydralazine

                  carbidopa increases effects of hydralazine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • hydrochlorothiazide

                  carbidopa increases effects of hydrochlorothiazide by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • iloprost

                  carbidopa increases effects of iloprost by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • indapamide

                  carbidopa increases effects of indapamide by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • irbesartan

                  carbidopa increases effects of irbesartan by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • isradipine

                  carbidopa increases effects of isradipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • labetalol

                  carbidopa increases effects of labetalol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • lisinopril

                  carbidopa increases effects of lisinopril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • methyclothiazide

                  carbidopa increases effects of methyclothiazide by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider decreasing dosage of antihypertensive agent.

                • metolazone

                  carbidopa increases effects of metolazone by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • metoprolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of metoprolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • metyrosine

                  carbidopa increases effects of metyrosine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for hypotension.

                • minoxidil

                  carbidopa increases effects of minoxidil by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • moexipril

                  carbidopa increases effects of moexipril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • nadolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of nadolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • nebivolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of nebivolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • nicardipine

                  carbidopa increases effects of nicardipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • nifedipine

                  carbidopa increases effects of nifedipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • nisoldipine

                  carbidopa increases effects of nisoldipine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • penbutolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of penbutolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • perindopril

                  carbidopa increases effects of perindopril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • phenoxybenzamine

                  carbidopa increases effects of phenoxybenzamine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider decreasing dosage of antihypertensive agent.

                • phentolamine

                  carbidopa increases effects of phentolamine by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for hypotension.

                • pindolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of pindolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • prazosin

                  carbidopa increases effects of prazosin by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • propranolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of propranolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • quinapril

                  carbidopa increases effects of quinapril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • ramipril

                  carbidopa increases effects of ramipril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • sacubitril/valsartan

                  carbidopa increases effects of sacubitril/valsartan by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider decreasing dosage of antihypertensive agent.

                • silodosin

                  carbidopa increases effects of silodosin by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for hypotension.

                • sotalol

                  carbidopa increases effects of sotalol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • spironolactone

                  carbidopa increases effects of spironolactone by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • terazosin

                  carbidopa increases effects of terazosin by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • timolol

                  carbidopa increases effects of timolol by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • torsemide

                  carbidopa increases effects of torsemide by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • trandolapril

                  carbidopa increases effects of trandolapril by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • treprostinil

                  carbidopa increases effects of treprostinil by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • triamterene

                  carbidopa increases effects of triamterene by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                • verapamil

                  carbidopa increases effects of verapamil by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Therapy with carbidopa, given with or without levodopa or carbidopa-levodopa combination products, is started, dosage adjustment of the antihypertensive drug may be required.

                Minor (6)

                • ferric maltol

                  ferric maltol decreases levels of carbidopa by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Minor/Significance Unknown.

                • ferrous fumarate

                  ferrous fumarate decreases levels of carbidopa by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Minor/Significance Unknown.

                • ferrous gluconate

                  ferrous gluconate decreases levels of carbidopa by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Minor/Significance Unknown.

                • ferrous sulfate

                  ferrous sulfate decreases levels of carbidopa by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Minor/Significance Unknown.

                • iron dextran complex

                  iron dextran complex decreases levels of carbidopa by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Minor/Significance Unknown.

                • polysaccharide iron

                  polysaccharide iron decreases levels of carbidopa by inhibition of GI absorption. Applies only to oral form of both agents. Minor/Significance Unknown.

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                Pharmacology

                Mechanism of Action

                Inhibits the aromatic amino-acid decarboxylase enzyme & conversion of levodopa to dopamine peripherally, which in turn reduces peripheral side-effects including nausea, vomiting, and cardiac arrhythmias; does not counter central effects of levodopa

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