carbidopa (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Lodosyn
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

(tablet)

  • 25 mg

Parkinson's Disease

For use with carbidopa-levodopa or with levodopa for Parkinson's disease in patients for whom the dosage of carbidopa-levodopa combo provides less than adequate daily dosage of carbidopa, or in patients whose dosage requirement of carbidopa & levodopa necessitates separate titration of each entity

Dosage dependent upon concurrent dose of carbidopa-levodopa or levodopa & patient's specific needs

Patients taking Sinemet 10/100: Administer 25 mg carbidopa daily with first daily dose of Sinemet 10/100 if necessary; may administer 12.5-25 mg carbidopa with each subsequent dose of Sinemet 10/100; not to exceed 200 mg carbidopa/day including carbidopa from Sinemet

Patients taking Sinemet 25/250 or 25/100: Administer 25 mg carbidopa daily with either Sinemet strength throughout the day; not to exceed 200 mg/day of carbidopa including the Sinemet combination

Titration of carbidpa and levodopa (individually)

  • Administer 25 mg carbidopa PO q6-8hr concurrently with levodopa; administer 20-25% less than the previous levodopa in carbidopa naive patients; first dose of carbidopa should be taken ≤12hr after the test dose of levodopa in carbidopa naive patients; increase or decrease dose by 1/2 or 1 tab/day

Safety & efficacy in children not established

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Interactions

Interaction Checker

and carbidopa

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            Pharmacology

            Mechanism of Action

            Inhibits the aromatic amino-acid decarboxylase enzyme & conversion of levodopa to dopamine peripherally, which in turn reduces peripheral side-effects including nausea, vomiting, and cardiac arrhythmias; does not counter central effects of levodopa

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            Formulary

            FormularyPatient Discounts

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            The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

            Tier Description
            1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
            2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
            3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
            4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
            NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
            Code Definition
            PA Prior Authorization
            Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
            QL Quantity Limits
            Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
            ST Step Therapy
            Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
            OR Other Restrictions
            Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
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            Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.