pegfilgrastim (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Neulasta, Fulphila, more...pegfilgrastim-jmdb
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

prefilled syringe

  • 6mg/0.6mL (Neulasta, Fulphila)

prefilled syringe, single-dose copackaged with the on-body injector (OBI)

  • 6mg/0.6mL (Neulasta Onpro kit)

Biosimilar to Neulasta

  • Fulphila (pegfilgrastim-jmdb)
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Prevention of Chemotherapy-induced Neutropenia

Neulasta, Fulphila

Indicated to decrease the incidence of infection, as manifested by febrile neutropenia, for patients with nonmyeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive anticancer drugs associated with a clinically significant incidence of febrile neutropenia

6mg SC once per chemotherapy cycle

Not for administration in the period 14 days before and 24 hr after administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy

Hematopoietic Subsyndrome of Acute Radiation Syndrome

Neulasta

Indicated to increase survival in patients acutely exposed to myelosuppressive doses of radiation

2 doses (6 mg each) SC 1 week apart

Administer the first dose as soon as possible after suspected or confirmed exposure to radiation levels >2 gray (Gy)

Dosage Modifications

Renal impairment: No dosage adjustment necessary; renal dysfunction has no effect on the pharmacokinetics of pegfilgrastim

Dosing Considerations

Hematopoietic subsyndrome of acute radiation syndrome

  • For patients with hematopoietic subsyndrome of acute radiation syndrome, obtain a baseline complete blood cell (CBC) count
  • Do not delay administration of pegfilgrastim if a CBC count is not readily available
  • Estimate a patient’s absorbed radiation dose (eg, level of radiation exposure) based on information from public health authorities, biodosimetry if available, or clinical findings (eg, time to onset of vomiting, lymphocyte depletion kinetics)

Limitation of use

  • Pegfilgrastim is not indicated for the mobilization of peripheral blood progenitor cells for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Dosage Forms & Strengths

prefilled syringe

  • 6mg/0.6mL (Neulasta, Fulphila)

Biosimilar to Neulasta

  • Fulphila (pegfilgrastim-jmdb)
more...

Prevention of Chemotherapy Induced Neutropenia

Neulasta, Fulphila

Indicated for patients with nonmyeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive anticancer drugs associated with a clinically significant incidence of febrile neutropenia

Administer SC once per chemotherapy cycle

<10 kg: 0.1 mg/kg (0.01 mL/kg)

10-20 kg: 1.5 mg (0.15 mL)

21-30 kg: 2.5 mg (0.25 mL)

31-44 kg: 4 mg (0.4 mL)

>45 kg: 6 mg

Hematopoietic Subsyndrome of Acute Radiation Syndrome

Neulasta

Indicated to increase survival in patients acutely exposed to myelosuppressive doses of radiation

Administer the first dose SC as soon as possible after suspected or confirmed exposure to radiation levels >2 gray (Gy)

Administer the second dose SC 1 week after the first dose

<10 kg: 0.1 mg/kg (0.01 mL/kg)

10-20 kg: 1.5 mg (0.15 mL)

21-30 kg: 2.5 mg (0.25 mL)

31-44 kg: 4 mg (0.4 mL)

>45 kg: 6 mg

Dosage Modifications

Renal impairment: No dosage adjustment necessary; renal dysfunction has no effect on the pharmacokinetics of pegfilgrastim

Dosing Considerations

Direct administration of the prefilled syringe to patients requiring <6 mg (0.6 mL) is not recommended owing to potential for dosing errors

Hematopoietic subsyndrome of acute radiation syndrome

  • For patients with hematopoietic subsyndrome of acute radiation syndrome, obtain a baseline complete blood cell (CBC) count
  • Do not delay administration of pegfilgrastim if a CBC count is not readily available
  • Estimate a patient’s absorbed radiation dose (eg, level of radiation exposure) based on information from public health authorities, biodosimetry if available, or clinical findings (eg, time to onset of vomiting, lymphocyte depletion kinetics)

Limitation of use

  • Pegfilgrastim is not indicated for the mobilization of peripheral blood progenitor cells for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
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Adverse Effects

>10%

Bone pain (31%)

1-10%

Pain in extremity (9%)

<1%

Leukocytosis (WBC counts >100 x 10^9/L)

Postmarketing Reports

Gastrointestinal disorders: Splenic rupture, glomerulonephritis

Blood and lymphatic system disorder: Sickle cell crisis, leukocytosis, capillary leak syndrome

Hypersensitivity Reactions: Allergic reactions/hypersensitivity, including anaphylaxis, skin rash, and urticaria, generalized erythema and flushing, cutaneous vasculitis to skin, and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

General disorders and administration site conditions: Injection site reactions

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis), cutaneous vasculitis, aortitis

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Warnings

Contraindications

History of serious allergic reactions to pegfilgrastim or filgrastim

Cautions

Rare cases of splenic rupture may occur following administration; evaluate if patient experiences left upper abdominal and/or shoulder tip pain

ARDS reported; evaluate symptoms, including fever, pulmonary infiltrates, or respiratory distress; discontinue if ARDS occurs

Serious allergic reactions (eg, anaphylaxis) can occur; majority of reported events occurred upon initial exposure; allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, can recur within days after the discontinuation of initial antiallergic treatment; permanently discontinue treatment in patients with serious allergic reactions (see Contraindications)

Severe and sometimes fatal sickle cell crises can occur in patients with sickle cell disorders; discontinue therapy if sickle cell crisis occurs

Capillary leak syndrome may occur; may vary in frequency and severity; closely monitor patients who develop symptoms and provide standard symptomatic treatment, which may include a need for intensive care

Glomerulonephritis reported; if suspected, evaluate for cause; if causality likely, consider dose reduction or interruption of therapy

Leukocytosis observed; monitoring CBC count during therapy recommended; higher counts reported

Pegfilgrastim may potentially act as growth factor for any tumor type, including myeloid malignancies and myelodysplasia

Missed or partial doses reported in patients receiving drug via OBI due to device not performing as intended; in event of missed or partial dose, patients may be at increased risk of events such as neutropenia, febrile neutropenia and/or infection than if dose had been correctly delivered; instruct patients using OBI to notify their healthcare professional immediately in order to determine need for replacement dose of f they suspect that device may not have performed as intended

Aortitis reported; it may occur as early as the first week after start of therapy; manifestations may include generalized signs and symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain, malaise, back pain, and increased inflammatory markers (eg, C-reactive protein and white blood cell count); consider aortitis in patients who develop these signs and symptoms without known etiology; discontinue if aortitis is suspected

Increased hematopoietic activity of bone marrow in response to growth factor therapy has been associated with transient positive bone imaging changes; this should be considered when interpreting bone imaging results

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Pregnancy & Lactation

Pregnancy

Although available data on use in pregnant women are insufficient to establish whether there is a drug associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes, there are available data from published studies in pregnant women exposed to filgrastim products; these studies have not established an association of filgrastim product use during pregnancy with major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes

In animal studies, no evidence of reproductive/developmental toxicity occurred in offspring of pregnant rats that received cumulative doses of pegfilgrastim approximately 10 times recommended human dose (based on body surface area); in pregnant rabbits, increased embryolethality and spontaneous abortions occurred at 4 times the maximum recommended human dose simultaneously with signs of maternal toxicity

Lactation

It is unknown whether pegfilgrastim is secreted in human milk

Other recombinant G-CSF products are poorly secreted in breast milk, and G-CSF is not orally absorbed by neonates

Caution should be exercised when administered to a nursing female

Pregnancy Categories

A:Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

B:May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

C:Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

D:Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

X:Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

NA:Information not available.

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Pharmacology

Mechanism of Action

Recombinant PEG-conjugated human G-CSF; acts on hematopoietic cells by binding to specific cell surface receptors, thereby stimulating proliferation, differentiation, commitment, and end-cell functional activation

Absorption

AUC (100 mcg/kg): 47.9 mcg·hr/mL (0-5 years); 22 mcg·hr/mL (6-11 years); 29.3 mcg·hr/mL (12-21 years)

Excretion

Neutrophil receptor binding is an important component of the clearance of pegfilgrastim, and serum clearance is directly related to the number of neutrophils and body weight

Patients with higher body weights experienced higher systemic exposure to pegfilgrastim after receiving a dose normalized for body weight

Half-life: 15-80 hr (adults); 30.1 hr (0-5 years); 20.2 hr (6-11 years); 21.2 hr (12-21 years)

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Administration

SC Administration (Prefilled Syringe)

SC use only

Prior to use‚ allow prefilled syringe to reach room temperature for a minimum of 30 minutes

Visually inspect prefilled syringe for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit; do not administer if discoloration or particulates are observed

Neulasta prefilled syringes: The needle cap contains dry natural rubber (derived from latex); avoid in patients with latex allergies

Patients weighing <45 kg

  • The prefilled syringe is not designed to allow for direct administration of doses <0.6 mL (6 mg)
  • Syringe does not bear graduation marks; thus, direct administration to patients requiring dosing of <0.6 mL (6 mg) is not recommended owing to the potential for dosing errors

SC Administration (Onpro kit)

A healthcare provider must fill the OBI with Neulasta using the prefilled syringe and then apply the OBI to the skin (abdomen or back of arm); use the back of the arm if there is a caregiver available to monitor the status of the OBI for Neulasta

Approximately 27 hours after the OBI for Neulasta is applied to the patient’s skin, Neulasta will be delivered over ~45 min

Initiate administration the same day as the administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy, as long as the OBI delivers Neulasta no less than 24 hr after administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy

Prefilled syringe copackaged in kit must only be used; prefilled syringe also contains additional solution to compensate for liquid loss during delivery through the OBI for Neulasta

Do not use the OBI to deliver any other drug product; OBI for Neulasta should be applied to intact, nonirritated skin on the arm or abdomen

See also Cautions

Storage

Neulasta

  • Prefilled syringe
    • Refrigerate at 2-8°C (36-46°F) in the carton to protect from light; do not shake
    • Discard syringes stored at room temperature for >48 hr
    • Avoid freezing; if frozen, thaw in the refrigerator before administration
    • Discard syringe if frozen more than once
  • Onpro kit
    • Refrigerate at 2-8°C (36-46°F) until ready to use
    • Because the OBI for Neulasta is at room temperature during the period of use, Neulasta Onpro kit should not be held at room temperature <12 hr prior to use
    • Discard kit if stored at room temperature for >12 hr
    • Do not use the OBI for Neulasta if its packaging has been previously opened

Fulphila

  • Refrigerate at 2-8°C (36-46°F) in the carton to protect from light; do not shake
  • Discard syringes stored at room temperature for >72 hr
  • Avoid freezing; if frozen, thaw in the refrigerator before administration
  • Discard syringe if frozen more than once
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Formulary

FormularyPatient Discounts

Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.

To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.

Adding plans allows you to:

  • View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
  • Manage and view all your plans together – even plans in different states.
  • Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
  • Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.

The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

Tier Description
1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
Code Definition
PA Prior Authorization
Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
QL Quantity Limits
Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
ST Step Therapy
Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
OR Other Restrictions
Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
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Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.