mometasone sinus implant (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Propel, Sinuva, more...Propel Mini, Propel Contour
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosage Forms & Strengths

sinus implant

  • 370mcg, 23mm nominal length (Propel)
  • 370mcg, 16mm nominal length (Propel Mini)
  • 370mcg, 8mm nominal length (Propel Contour)
  • 1350mcg, 20 mm nominal length (Sinuva)

Postoperative intervention for chronic sinusitis surgery

Bioabsorbable implant indicated for adults (aged ≥18 yr) following sinus surgery to maintain sinus patency; prevents sinus obstruction from adhesions, reduces inflammation, and reduces the need for postoperative intervention (eg, adhesion lysis, oral corticosteroids)

Ethmoid sinus: Use Propel

Ethmoid and frontal sinuses: Use Propel mini

Frontal and maxillary sinuses: Use Propel Contour

See Administration

Nasal Polyps

Sinuva: Indicated for nasal polyps in adults aged ≥18 years who have had ethmoid sinus surgery

The implant is loaded into a delivery system and placed in the ethmoid sinus under endoscopic visualization

The Implant may be left in the sinus to gradually release the corticosteroid over 90 days

Can be removed at Day 90 or earlier at the physician's discretion using standard surgical instruments

To be inserted by physicians trained in otolaryngology

Repeat administration has not been studied

See Administration

<18 years: Safety and efficacy not established

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Interactions

Interaction Checker

and mometasone sinus implant

No Results

     activity indicator 
    No Interactions Found
    Interactions Found

    Contraindicated

      Serious - Use Alternative

        Significant - Monitor Closely

          Minor

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             activity indicator 

            Contraindicated (0)

              Serious - Use Alternative (2)

              • axicabtagene ciloleucel

                mometasone sinus implant decreases effects of axicabtagene ciloleucel by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Avoid prophylactic use of systemic corticosteroids as premedication before axicabtagene ciloleucel. Corticosteroids may, however, be required for treatment of cytokine release syndrome or neurologic toxicity.

              • macimorelin

                mometasone sinus implant, macimorelin. unspecified interaction mechanism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Drugs that directly affect the pituitary secretion of growth hormone (GH) may impact the accuracy of the macimorelin diagnostic test. Allow sufficient washout time of drugs affecting GH release before administering macimorelin. .

              Monitor Closely (8)

              • cyclosporine

                mometasone sinus implant, cyclosporine. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Corticosteroids may increase or decrease cyclosporine concentrations. Also, cyclosporine may increase the plasma concentrations of the corticosteroids. Monitor for changes in cyclosporine concentrations and for toxicities of corticosteroids and/or cyclosporine.

              • dengue vaccine

                mometasone sinus implant decreases effects of dengue vaccine by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Immunosuppressive therapies (eg, irradiation, antimetabolites, alkylating agents, cytotoxic drugs, corticosteroids [greater than physiologic doses]) may reduce immune response to dengue vaccine.

              • lonapegsomatropin

                lonapegsomatropin decreases effects of mometasone sinus implant by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Growth hormone (GH) inhibits microsomal enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1, which converts cortisone to its active metabolite, cortisol. Patients with untreated GH deficiency may have increases in serum cortisol, and initiation of lonapegsomatropin may result decreased serum cortisol. Patients with hypoadrenalism treated with glucocorticoids may require an increase glucocorticoid stress or maintenance doses following lonapegsomatropin initiation.

                mometasone sinus implant decreases effects of lonapegsomatropin by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Growth hormone (GH) inhibits microsomal enzyme 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1, which converts cortisone to its active metabolite, cortisol. Patients with untreated GH deficiency may have increases in serum cortisol, and initiation of lonapegsomatropin may result decreased serum cortisol. Patients with hypoadrenalism treated with glucocorticoids may require an increase glucocorticoid stress or maintenance doses following lonapegsomatropin initiation.

              • ozanimod

                ozanimod, mometasone sinus implant. Either increases effects of the other by immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with immunosuppressive therapies may increase the risk of additive immune effects during therapy and in the weeks following administration. When switching from drugs with prolonged immune effects, consider the half-life and mode of action of these drugs in order to avoid unintended additive immunosuppressive effects.

              • ponesimod

                ponesimod and mometasone sinus implant both increase immunosuppressive effects; risk of infection. Use Caution/Monitor. Caution if coadministered because of additive immunosuppressive effects during such therapy and in the weeks following administration. When switching from drugs with prolonged immune effects, consider the half-life and mode of action of these drugs to avoid unintended additive immunosuppressive effects.

              • sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride

                sodium sulfate/?magnesium sulfate/potassium chloride increases toxicity of mometasone sinus implant by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Coadministration with medications that cause fluid and electrolyte abnormalities may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment.

              • sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate

                sodium sulfate/potassium sulfate/magnesium sulfate increases toxicity of mometasone sinus implant by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Coadministration with medications that cause fluid and electrolyte abnormalities may increase the risk of adverse events of seizure, arrhythmias, and renal impairment.

              • somapacitan

                somapacitan decreases effects of mometasone sinus implant by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Microsomal enzyme 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11-beta-HSD-1) required for cortisone conversion to its active metabolite, cortisol, in hepatic and adipose tissue. GH inhibits 11-beta-HSD-1. Patients treated with glucocorticoid for hypoadrenalism may require increased maintenance or stress doses after initiating somapacitan.

              Minor (0)

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                Adverse Effects

                1-10%

                Sinuva implants

                • Asthma (4.7%)
                • Headache (3.5%)
                • Epistaxis (2.4%)
                • Presyncope (2.4%)
                • Bronchitis (2%)
                • Otitis media (2%)
                • Nasopharyngitis (1.2%)

                Frequency Not Defined

                Propel implants

                • Premature displacement of implant or implant fragments
                • Swallowing implant or implant fragments
                • Pain
                • Pressure
                • Headache
                • Foreign body response

                Postmarketing Reports

                Nasal pain

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                Warnings

                Contraindications

                Suspected or confirmed intolerance to mometasone furoate or any of the copolymers

                Propel implant copolymers: Lactide, glycolide, or caprolactone copolymers

                Sinuva copolymers: poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide), polyethylene glycol

                Cautions

                Propel implants

                • Confirm no antimicrobial properties are present; possible foreign body reaction may occur
                • Reports of sinus surgery-associated physiochemical condition, with or without sinus implants and packing
                • Risk of toxic shock syndrome

                Sinuva implants

                • Monitor nasal mucosa adjacent to implant for any signs of bleeding, irritation, infection, or perforation; avoid use with nasal ulcers or trauma
                • Glaucoma, cataracts, and clinically significant elevated IOP were not observed in patients from the treatment group of 1 randomized controlled clinical study (N = 53) who underwent bilateral implant placement; however, close monitoring is warranted in patients vision changes or history of increased IOP, glaucoma, and/or cataracts
                • Hypersensitivity reactions, including rash, pruritus, and angioedema have been reported with use of corticosteroids
                • Caution with immunosuppressed patients or those using immunosuppressive drugs; increased risk of infection in these individuals
                • Hypercorticism and adrenal suppression were not evaluated during clinical trials; monitor patients who may be at risk

                Drug interaction overview

                • Potent CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase mometasone plasma concentrations
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                Pregnancy & Lactation

                Pregnancy

                No data are available in pregnant women

                Lactation

                No data are available on the presence of mometasone in breast milk from the implants

                Pregnancy Categories

                A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

                B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

                C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

                D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

                X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

                NA: Information not available.

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                Pharmacology

                Mechanism of Action

                Corticosteroids have been shown to have a wide range of effects on multiple cell types (eg mast cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes) and mediators (eg, histamine, eicosanoids, leukotrienes, and cytokines) involved in inflammation

                The mechanism for anti-inflammatory properties for eluted mometasone furoate is unknown

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                Administration

                Sinus Implant Preparation

                Special care should be taken to avoid bending, twisting or damaging the implant

                Placement should be under endoscopic visualization; avoid modifications to implant; not intended to be compressed or loaded into delivery system >2 times

                Propel implants

                • Place funnel onto delivery system tip
                • Remove implant holder top; avoid grasping or dislodging implant
                • Gently grasp and compress implant between fingers
                • Insert compressed implant into delivery system tip
                • Carefully remove funnel without dislodging implant
                • If implant withdraws from tip, replace funnel and gently squeeze delivery system tip

                Sinuva implant

                • Remove the crimper and the delivery system from their protective packaging using sterile technique
                • Inspect the implant located inside of the crimper, but do not remove the implant from the crimper
                • Prior to use, the implant must be crimped and loaded into the delivery system
                • If the implant is not fully seated inside of the crimper, secure the implant before proceeding
                • Do not leave the implant in the crimped state for more than 5 minutes before placement
                • If necessary, the implant may be reloaded into the crimper for a second time; do not use if the second attempt to crimp is unsuccessful
                • See prescribing information for full instructions and diagrams

                Sinus Implant Administration

                Propel implants

                • Ethmoid sinus
                  • Orient delivery system so distal tip curves superiorly toward the posterior roof of sinus cavity
                  • Align green plunger distal tip with middle turbinate anterior edge
                  • Insert implant via depressing the plunger while removing delivery system
                  • Confirm proximal loops of implant align with middle turbinate anterior edge; confirm implant is well applied to tissue for maximum drug delivery
                • Frontal sinus
                  • Orient delivery system so distal tip curves superiorly toward the frontal sinus
                  • Advance distal tip of delivery system to frontal sinus
                  • Insert implant via depressing the plunger while removing delivery system
                  • Confirm implant loops support frontal sinus opening align; confirm implant is well applied to tissue for maximum drug delivery
                • Sinus ostium
                  • Orient delivery system so distal tip curves superiorly toward the sinus ostium
                  • Depress plunger until coiled pusher aligns with green to clear transition; implant halfway deployed
                  • Slightly withdraw delivery system to visualize implant waist; align waist with sinus ostium; continue to withdraw delivery system via depressing the plunger and implant waist alignment
                  • Confirm waist aligns with sinus ostium

                Sinuva implant

                • Advance the delivery system under endoscopic visualization into the ethmoid sinus cavity
                • Ensure that the delivery system is oriented such that the 10° curvature of the distal tip is curved superiorly; insert the delivery system such that the shaft is parallel to roof of ethmoid sinus
                • If the implant becomes dislodged from the delivery system prior to placement into the ethmoid sinus, remove the implant and inspect for damage, reload the undamaged implant in the crimper, and recrimp the implant into the delivery system
                • Note that the implant should not be loaded into the delivery system >2 times
                • Release the implant by pressing down on the thumb rest while pulling back on the finger rests in a controlled manner
                • Place the implant amongst the sinus polyps with the cap oriented toward the posterior ethmoid sinus, and with the implant positioned as superiorly as possible in the sinus
                • The long ends of the implant should be in approximately the 2 o’clock, 4 o’clock, 8 o’clock, and 10 o’clock positions, respectively
                • Confirm final placement by endoscopic visualization
                • To adjust the implant position, use the seeker on the delivery system or standard endoscopic surgical instruments

                Postoperative Care

                Frequently spray, rinse, or irrigate nasal cavity maintaining the implant remains moist; routine debridement

                Proper surgical instruments should be use when removing implant

                Storage

                Store at 59-86°C (15-30°C)

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                Images

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                Patient Handout

                A Patient Handout is not currently available for this monograph.
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                Formulary

                FormularyPatient Discounts

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                Adding plans allows you to:

                • View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
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                • Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
                • Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.

                The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

                Tier Description
                1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
                2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
                3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
                4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
                5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
                6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
                NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
                Code Definition
                PA Prior Authorization
                Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
                QL Quantity Limits
                Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
                ST Step Therapy
                Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
                OR Other Restrictions
                Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
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                Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.