vilazodone (Rx)

Brand and Other Names:Viibryd
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Dosing & Uses

AdultPediatric

Dosing Form & Strengths

tablet

  • 10mg
  • 20mg
  • 40mg

Major Depressive Disorder

10 mg PO qDay for 7 days with food; THEN increase to 20 mg qDay with food

May increase further up to 40 mg/day after a minimum of 7 days between dosage increases

Target maintenance dose: 20-40 mg/day

Dosing Considerations

Gradually taper dose , upon discontinuation of antidepressant, to minimize withdrawal symptoms and allow for detection of re-emerging symptoms; in patients taking 40 mg/day, taper dose to 20 mg qDay for 4 ddays; follow by reducing dose to 10 mg qDay for 3 days; if patient is taking 20 mg/day, taper dose to 10 mg qDay for 7 days

Changing to or from MAO inhibitor therapy

  • Do not administer vilazodone within 14 days of discontinuing a MAO inhibitor and initiating vilazodone when treating psychiatric disorders
  • Do not administer MAO inhibitor within 14 days of discontinuing vilazodone and initiating MAO therapy when treating psychiatric disorders

Administration of products with MAO inhibitor activity

  • In patients receiving linezolid or IV methylene blue, do not administer vilazodone; use alternate products to treat psychiatric condition
  • If treatment with linezolid or IV methylene blue urgent in patient receiving vilazodone, discontinue vilazodone immediately, if benefits outweigh risks; administer linezolid or IV methylene blue and monitor for serotonin syndrome for 2 weeks or until 24 hr after last dose of linezolid or IV methylene blue, whichever comes first; may resume vilazodone 24 hr after last dose of IV methylene blue or linezolid

Dosing Modifications

Renal impairment (mild/moderate/severe): No dose adjustment recommended

Hepatic impairment (mild/moderate/severe): No dose adjustment recommended

CYP3A4 inhibitors

  • Coadministration with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, ketoconazole): Not to exceed 20 mg PO qDay
  • Coadministration with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, erythromycin): Reduce dose to 20 mg/day if intolerable adverse events emerge

CYP3A4 inducers

  • Coadministration with strong CYP3A4 inducers (eg, carbamazepine) for >14 days: Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day)

Dosing Considerations

Prior to initiating, screen patients for a personal or family history of bipolar disorder, mania, or hypomania

Safety and efficacy not established

Next:

Interactions

Interaction Checker

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            Contraindicated (6)

            • isocarboxazid

              isocarboxazid, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Contraindicated. Coadministration with MAO-A inhibitors are contraindicated. Do not prescribe vilazodone within 14 days of discontinuing or starting an MAO inhibitor.

            • phenelzine

              phenelzine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Contraindicated. Coadministration with MAO-A inhibitors are contraindicated. Do not prescribe vilazodone within 14 days of discontinuing or starting an MAO inhibitor.

            • rasagiline

              rasagiline, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Contraindicated. Coadministration with MAO inhibitors are contraindicated. Do not prescribe vilazodone within 14 days of discontinuing or starting an MAO inhibitor.

            • selegiline

              selegiline, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Contraindicated. Coadministration with MAO inhibitors are contraindicated. Do not prescribe vilazodone within 14 days of discontinuing or starting an MAO inhibitor.

            • selegiline transdermal

              selegiline transdermal, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Contraindicated. Coadministration with MAO inhibitors are contraindicated. Do not prescribe vilazodone within 14 days of discontinuing or starting an MAO inhibitor.

            • tranylcypromine

              tranylcypromine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Contraindicated. Coadministration with MAO-A inhibitors are contraindicated. Do not prescribe vilazodone within 14 days of discontinuing or starting an MAO inhibitor.

            Serious - Use Alternative (94)

            • abametapir

              abametapir will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. For 2 weeks after abametapir application, avoid taking drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates. If not feasible, avoid use of abametapir.

            • almotriptan

              almotriptan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • amiodarone

              amiodarone increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • amitriptyline

              amitriptyline, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • apalutamide

              apalutamide will decrease the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Coadministration of apalutamide, a strong CYP3A4 inducer, with drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates can result in lower exposure to these medications. Avoid or substitute another drug for these medications when possible. Evaluate for loss of therapeutic effect if medication must be coadministered. Adjust dose according to prescribing information if needed.

            • aprepitant

              aprepitant increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • atazanavir

              atazanavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • buspirone

              buspirone, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • chloramphenicol

              chloramphenicol increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • cimetidine

              cimetidine increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • citalopram

              citalopram, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Combination may increase risk of serotonin syndrome or neuroleptic malignant syndrome-like reactions.

            • clarithromycin

              clarithromycin increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • clomipramine

              clomipramine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • cobicistat

              cobicistat will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • cocaine

              cocaine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • conivaptan

              conivaptan increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • cyclobenzaprine

              vilazodone and cyclobenzaprine both increase serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • danazol

              danazol increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • darunavir

              darunavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • desipramine

              desipramine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • desvenlafaxine

              desvenlafaxine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • dextroamphetamine

              dextroamphetamine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • dextromethorphan

              dextromethorphan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • diltiazem

              diltiazem increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • doxepin

              doxepin, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • dronedarone

              dronedarone increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • duloxetine

              duloxetine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • eletriptan

              eletriptan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • erythromycin base

              erythromycin base increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • erythromycin ethylsuccinate

              erythromycin ethylsuccinate increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • erythromycin lactobionate

              erythromycin lactobionate increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • erythromycin stearate

              erythromycin stearate increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • escitalopram

              escitalopram, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • fluconazole

              fluconazole increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • fluoxetine

              fluoxetine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • fluvoxamine

              fluvoxamine and vilazodone both increase serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Discontinue concomitant therapy immediately if signs and symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive sympathomimetic treatment should be initiated

            • fosamprenavir

              fosamprenavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • frovatriptan

              frovatriptan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • idelalisib

              idelalisib will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Idelalisib is a strong CYP3A inhibitor; avoid coadministration with sensitive CYP3A substrates

            • imatinib

              imatinib increases effects of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • imipramine

              imipramine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • indinavir

              indinavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • isoniazid

              isoniazid, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

              isoniazid increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • itraconazole

              itraconazole increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • ivosidenib

              ivosidenib will decrease the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration of sensitive CYP3A4 substrates with ivosidenib or replace with alternative therapies. If coadministration is unavoidable, monitor patients for loss of therapeutic effect of these drugs.

            • ketoconazole

              ketoconazole increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • L-tryptophan

              L-tryptophan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant use is not recommended.

            • lanreotide

              lanreotide increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • lapatinib

              lapatinib increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • levomilnacipran

              levomilnacipran, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • linezolid

              linezolid, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Linezolid may increase serotonin as a result of MAO-A inhibition. If linezolid must be administered, discontinue serotonergic drug immediately and monitor for CNS toxicity. Serotonergic therapy may be resumed 24 hours after last linezolid dose or after 2 weeks of monitoring, whichever comes first.

            • lisdexamfetamine

              lisdexamfetamine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • lithium

              lithium, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • lonafarnib

              lonafarnib will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid coadministration with sensitive CYP3A substrates. If coadministration unavoidable, monitor for adverse reactions and reduce CYP3A substrate dose in accordance with product labeling.

            • lopinavir

              lopinavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • lorcaserin

              vilazodone and lorcaserin both increase serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • meperidine

              meperidine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • methamphetamine

              methamphetamine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • methylene blue

              methylene blue and vilazodone both increase serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Methylene blue may increase serotonin as a result of MAO-A inhibition. If methylene blue must be administered, discontinue serotonergic drug immediately and monitor for CNS toxicity. Serotonergic therapy may be resumed 24 hours after last methylene blue dose or after 2 weeks of monitoring, whichever comes first.

            • metoclopramide

              metoclopramide increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • metoclopramide intranasal

              vilazodone, metoclopramide intranasal. Either increases effects of the other by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Avoid use of metoclopramide intranasal or interacting drug, depending on importance of drug to patient.

            • milnacipran

              milnacipran, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • mirtazapine

              mirtazapine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • naratriptan

              naratriptan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • nefazodone

              nefazodone, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

              nefazodone increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • nelfinavir

              nelfinavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • nicardipine

              nicardipine increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • nilotinib

              nilotinib increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • nortriptyline

              nortriptyline, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • octreotide

              octreotide increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • ozanimod

              ozanimod increases toxicity of vilazodone by sympathetic (adrenergic) effects, including increased blood pressure and heart rate. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Because the active metabolite of ozanimod inhibits MAO-B in vitro, there is a potential for serious adverse reactions, including hypertensive crisis. Therefore, coadministration of ozanimod with drugs that can increase norepinephrine or serotonin is not recommended. Monitor for hypertension with concomitant use.

            • paroxetine

              paroxetine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • posaconazole

              posaconazole increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • protriptyline

              protriptyline, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • quinidine

              quinidine increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • quinupristin/dalfopristin

              quinupristin/dalfopristin increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • ribociclib

              ribociclib will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • ritonavir

              ritonavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • rizatriptan

              rizatriptan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • saquinavir

              saquinavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • sertraline

              sertraline, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • sumatriptan

              sumatriptan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • sumatriptan intranasal

              sumatriptan intranasal, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • tedizolid

              tedizolid, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by Mechanism: pharmacodynamic synergism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. both increase serotonin levels; increased risk of serotonin syndrome.

            • tipranavir

              tipranavir increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • tramadol

              tramadol, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated.

            • trazodone

              trazodone, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated.

            • tucatinib

              tucatinib will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Avoid concomitant use of tucatinib with CYP3A substrates, where minimal concentration changes may lead to serious or life-threatening toxicities. If unavoidable, reduce CYP3A substrate dose according to product labeling.

            • venlafaxine

              venlafaxine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            • verapamil

              verapamil increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • voriconazole

              voriconazole increases toxicity of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Strong CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase vilazodone plasma levels by 50% - Reduce daily dose to 20 mg.

            • vortioxetine

              vilazodone, vortioxetine. Either increases effects of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

            • voxelotor

              voxelotor will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Voxelotor increases systemic exposure of sensitive CYP3A4 substrates. Avoid coadministration with sensitive CYP3A4 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index. Consider dose reduction of the sensitive CYP3A4 substrate(s) if unable to avoid.

            • zolmitriptan

              zolmitriptan, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by serotonin levels. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Concomitant therapy should be discontinued immediately if signs or symptoms of serotonin syndrome emerge and supportive symptomatic treatment should be initiated. .

            Monitor Closely (78)

            • aldesleukin

              aldesleukin increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No dose adjustment needed with mild CYP3A4 inhibitors.

            • aripiprazole

              vilazodone, aripiprazole. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • asenapine

              vilazodone, asenapine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • basiliximab

              basiliximab increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No dose adjustment needed with mild CYP3A4 inhibitors.

            • betrixaban

              vilazodone, betrixaban. Either increases levels of the other by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. SSRIs may inhibit platelet aggregation, thus increase bleeding risk when coadministered with anticoagulants.

            • bosentan

              bosentan decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • carbamazepine

              carbamazepine decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • cariprazine

              vilazodone, cariprazine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • cenobamate

              cenobamate, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by sedation. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • clonidine

              clonidine, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration enhances CNS depressant effects.

            • clozapine

              vilazodone, clozapine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • crofelemer

              crofelemer increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Crofelemer has the potential to inhibit CYP3A4 at concentrations expected in the gut; unlikely to inhibit systemically because minimally absorbed.

            • dabrafenib

              dabrafenib decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • dasatinib

              dasatinib increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No dose adjustment needed with mild CYP3A4 inhibitors.

            • dexamethasone

              dexamethasone decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • diazepam intranasal

              diazepam intranasal, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration may potentiate the CNS-depressant effects of each drug.

            • efavirenz

              efavirenz decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • elagolix

              elagolix decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Elagolix is a weak-to-moderate CYP3A4 inducer. Monitor CYP3A substrates if coadministered. Consider increasing CYP3A substrate dose if needed.

            • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF

              elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Cobicistat is a CYP3A4 inhibitor; contraindicated with CYP3A4 substrates for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events.

            • encorafenib

              encorafenib, vilazodone. affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Encorafenib both inhibits and induces CYP3A4 at clinically relevant plasma concentrations. Coadministration of encorafenib with sensitive CYP3A4 substrates may result in increased toxicity or decreased efficacy of these agents.

            • enzalutamide

              enzalutamide decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • eslicarbazepine acetate

              eslicarbazepine acetate will decrease the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days

            • etravirine

              etravirine decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • fedratinib

              fedratinib will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Adjust dose of drugs that are CYP3A4 substrates as necessary.

            • fenfluramine

              fenfluramine, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by serotonin levels. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration with drugs that increase serotoninergic effects may increase the risk of serotonin syndrome.

            • fish oil triglycerides

              fish oil triglycerides will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Prolonged bleeding reported in patients taking antiplatelet agents or anticoagulants and oral omega-3 fatty acids. Periodically monitor bleeding time in patients receiving fish oil triglycerides and concomitant antiplatelet agents or anticoagulants.

            • fluphenazine

              vilazodone, fluphenazine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • fosphenytoin

              fosphenytoin decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • gabapentin

              gabapentin, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

            • gabapentin enacarbil

              gabapentin enacarbil, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

            • haloperidol

              vilazodone, haloperidol. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • ibrutinib

              ibrutinib will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by anticoagulation. Use Caution/Monitor. Ibrutinib may increase the risk of hemorrhage in patients receiving antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapies and monitor for signs of bleeding.

            • iloperidone

              iloperidone increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Iloperidone is a time-dependent CYP3A inhibitor and may lead to increased plasma levels of drugs predominantly eliminated by CYP3A4.

              vilazodone, iloperidone. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • istradefylline

              istradefylline will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Istradefylline 40 mg/day increased peak levels and AUC of CYP3A4 substrates in clinical trials. This effect was not observed with istradefylline 20 mg/day. Consider dose reduction of sensitive CYP3A4 substrates.

            • lamotrigine

              lamotrigine increases toxicity of vilazodone by unspecified interaction mechanism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. CNS depressants may increase the toxic effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; psychomotor impairment may be enhanced.

            • lasmiditan

              lasmiditan, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by sedation. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration of lasmiditan and other CNS depressant drugs, including alcohol have not been evaluated in clinical studies. Lasmiditan may cause sedation, as well as other cognitive and/or neuropsychiatric adverse reactions.

            • lemborexant

              lemborexant, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by sedation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Dosage adjustment may be necessary if lemborexant is coadministered with other CNS depressants because of potentially additive effects.

            • lisdexamfetamine

              vilazodone, lisdexamfetamine. Either increases effects of the other by serotonin levels. Use Caution/Monitor. Initiate with lower doses and monitor for signs and symptoms of serotonin syndrome, particularly during initiation or dosage increase. If serotonin syndrome occurs, discontinue along with concomitant serotonergic drug(s).

            • loxapine

              vilazodone, loxapine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • loxapine inhaled

              vilazodone, loxapine inhaled. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • lurasidone

              lurasidone, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Potential for increased CNS depressant effects when used concurrently; monitor for increased adverse effects and toxicity.

              vilazodone, lurasidone. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • metformin

              vilazodone increases effects of metformin by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • midazolam intranasal

              midazolam intranasal, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Concomitant use of barbiturates, alcohol, or other CNS depressants may increase the risk of hypoventilation, airway obstruction, desaturation, or apnea and may contribute to profound and/or prolonged drug effect.

            • mifepristone

              mifepristone will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. If intolerable adverse effects occur when coadministered with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, reduce vilazodone to 20 mg/day

            • mitotane

              mitotane decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • molindone

              vilazodone, molindone. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • nafcillin

              nafcillin decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • nevirapine

              nevirapine decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • olanzapine

              vilazodone, olanzapine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • oliceridine

              vilazodone, oliceridine. Either increases effects of the other by serotonin levels. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • oxcarbazepine

              oxcarbazepine decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • oxycodone

              oxycodone increases effects of vilazodone by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Opioids may enhance the serotonergic effects of SSRIs and increase risk for serotonergic syndrome.

            • paliperidone

              vilazodone, paliperidone. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • pentobarbital

              pentobarbital decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • perphenazine

              vilazodone, perphenazine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • phenobarbital

              phenobarbital decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • phenytoin

              phenytoin decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • pimavanserin

              vilazodone, pimavanserin. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • pimozide

              vilazodone, pimozide. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • pregabalin

              pregabalin, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

            • primidone

              primidone decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • quetiapine

              vilazodone, quetiapine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • ranolazine

              ranolazine increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No dose adjustment needed with mild CYP3A4 inhibitors.

            • remimazolam

              remimazolam, vilazodone. Either increases toxicity of the other by sedation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration may result in profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, and/or death. Continuously monitor vital signs during sedation and recovery period if coadministered. Carefully titrate remimazolam dose if administered with opioid analgesics and/or sedative/hypnotics.

            • rifabutin

              rifabutin decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • rifampin

              rifampin decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • rifapentine

              rifapentine decreases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider increasing vilazodone dose up to 2-fold (not to exceed 80 mg/day) when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inducers for >14 days.

            • risperidone

              vilazodone, risperidone. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • rucaparib

              rucaparib will increase the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Adjust dosage of CYP3A4 substrates, if clinically indicated.

            • stiripentol

              stiripentol, vilazodone. affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Stiripentol is a CYP3A4 inhibitor and inducer. Monitor CYP3A4 substrates coadministered with stiripentol for increased or decreased effects. CYP3A4 substrates may require dosage adjustment.

              stiripentol, vilazodone. Either increases effects of the other by sedation. Use Caution/Monitor. Concomitant use stiripentol with other CNS depressants, including alcohol, may increase the risk of sedation and somnolence.

            • tamoxifen

              tamoxifen increases levels of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No dose adjustment needed with mild CYP3A4 inhibitors.

            • tapentadol

              vilazodone and tapentadol both increase serotonin levels. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

            • tazemetostat

              tazemetostat will decrease the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

            • tecovirimat

              tecovirimat will decrease the level or effect of vilazodone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. Tecovirimat is a weak CYP3A4 inducer. Monitor sensitive CYP3A4 substrates for effectiveness if coadministered.

            • thiothixene

              vilazodone, thiothixene. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • trifluoperazine

              vilazodone, trifluoperazine. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            • zafirlukast

              vilazodone increases levels of zafirlukast by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor. No dose adjustment needed with mild CYP3A4 inhibitors.

            • ziprasidone

              vilazodone, ziprasidone. unspecified interaction mechanism. Use Caution/Monitor. Serotonin modulators may enhance dopamine blockade, possibly increasing the risk for neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Antipsychotics may enhance serotonergic effect of serotonin modulators, which may result in serotonin syndrome. Monitor for evidence of serotonin toxicity (eg, mental status changes, autonomic instability, and neuromuscular hyperactivity) or neuroleptic malignant syndrome (eg, hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, autonomic dysfunction).

            Minor (0)

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              Adverse Effects

              >10%

              Diarrhea (28%)

              Nausea (23%)

              1-10%

              Dizziness (9%)

              Xerostomia (8%)

              Insomnia (6%)

              Vomiting (5%)

              Fatigue (4%)

              Abnormal dreams (4%)

              Libido decreased (4%)

              Abnormal orgasm (3%)

              Dyspepsia (3%)

              Flatulence (3%)

              Gastroenteritis (3%)

              Somnolence (3%)

              Paresthesia (3%)

              Arthralgia (3%)

              Restlessness/akathisia (3%)

              Jittery sensation (2%)

              Tremor (2%)

              Delayed ejaculation (2%)

              Erectile dysfunction (2%)

              Increased appetite (2%)

              Postmarketing Reports

              General disorders and administrative site conditions: Irritability

              Psychiatric disorders: Hallucinations, suicide attempt, suicidal ideation

              Gastrointestinal disorders: Acute pancreatitis

              Nervous system disorders: Sleep paralysis

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              Warnings

              Black Box Warnings

              Increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults taking antidepressants for major depressive disorder and other psychiatric disorders

              In children and young adults, the risks must be weighed against the benefits of taking antidepressants

              Patients should be monitored closely for changes in behavior, clinical worsening, and suicidal tendencies; this should be done during the initial 1-2 months of therapy, as well as during dosage adjustments

              The patient’s family should communicate any abrupt changes in behavior to the healthcare provider

              Worsening behavior and suicidal tendencies that are not part of the presenting symptoms may require discontinuation of therapy

              May worsen psychosis in some patients or cause a shift to mania or hypomania in bipolar disorder; patients should be screened for bipolar disorder prior to the initiation of therapy

              Not approved for use in pediatric patients

              Contraindications

              Hypersensitivity

              Coadministration with serotonergic drugs

              • Do not use MAOIs concomitantly or within 14 days before initiating vilazodone or within 14 days after discontinuing vilazodone
              • Symptoms include tremor, myoclonus, diaphoresis, nausea, vomiting, flushing, dizziness, hyperthermia with features resembling neuroleptic malignant syndrome, seizures, rigidity, autonomic instability with possible rapid fluctuations of vital signs, and mental status changes that include extreme agitation progressing to delirium and coma
              • Starting vilazodone in a patient who is being treated with linezolid or IV methylene blue is contraindicated because of an increased risk of serotonin syndrome
              • If linezolid or IV methylene blue must be administered, discontinue vilazodone immediately and monitor for CNS toxicity; may resume vilazodone 2 weeks after last linezolid or methylene blue dose

              Cautions

              May precipitate mixed/manic episode if initiated for bipolar disorder

              May cause serotonin syndrome or neuroleptic malignant syndrome-like reactions, including agitation, hallucinations, coma, autonomic instability (eg, tachycardia, labile blood pressure, hyperthermia), neuromuscular aberrations (eg, hyperreflexia, incoordination), and/or gastrointestinal symptoms (eg, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea)

              Use with caution in patients with history of seizures; has not been systematically evaluated in patients with seizure disorders (caution advised)

              Serotonin reuptake inhibition may increase risk of bleeding (caution with drugs that inhibit platelets or coagulation)

              Decrease dose gradually when discontinuing, to avoid dysphoric mood, irritability, insomnia, agitation, and confusion

              CYP3A4 (major substrate); CYP2C19 (minor substrate, minor inhibitor, minor inducer); CYP2D6 (minor substrate, minor inhibitor); CYP2C8 (moderate inhibitor); increased plasma concentration (by 50%) observed when coadministered with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, ketoconazole)

              Highly bound to plasma proteins (administration to patient taking another drug that is highly protein bound may increase free concentrations of the other drug)

              Hyponatremia has been reported with other SSRIs, and SNRIs; common adverse effects include diarrhea, nausea, xerostomia, dizziness, and insomnia; can occur in association with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH)

              Bone fractures reported with antidepressant treatment; consider possibility of fragility fracture if antidepressant treated patient presents with unexplained bone pain, swelling, point tenderness, or bruising;

              May cause sexual dysfunction

              MAOIs (see Contraindications)

              Coadministration with 5HT receptor agonist (ie, triptan), other serotonergic drugs (eg, SSRIs, SNRIs, buspirone, tramadol), or antidopaminergic drugs may increase risk for serotonin syndrome

              Concomitant use with serotonin precursors (eg, tryptophan) not recommended

              Serotonin reuptake inhibition may increase risk of bleeding (caution when coadministered with aspirin, NSAIDs, warfarin, and other anticoagulants)

              Risk of mydriasis; may trigger angle closure attack in patients with angle closure glaucoma with anatomically narrow angles without a patent iridectomy

              There is conflicting evidence regarding use of SSRIs during pregnancy and increased risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN; see Pregnancy)

              Write prescription for smallest quantity consistent with good patient care

              Abrupt discontinuation or interruption of therapy associated with discontinuation syndrome; antidepressants with shorter half-lives, prolonged treatment, or abrupt discontinuation, associated with increased risk of developing discontinuation syndrome; for antidepressants of short of intermediate hslf-lives, symptoms may emerge within 2-5 days after treatment discontinuation; may last 7-14 days

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              Pregnancy & Lactation

              Pregnancy

              There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to antidepressants during pregnancy

              Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the National Pregnancy Registry for Antidepressants at 1-844-405-6185 or visiting online at https://womensmentalhealth.org/clinical-and-research-programs/pregnancyregistry/antidepressants/

              There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women; a prospective, longitudinal study followed 201 pregnant women with a history of major depressive disorder who were euthymic and taking antidepressants at beginning of pregnancy; women who discontinued antidepressants during pregnancy were more likely to experience a relapse of major depression than women who continued antidepressants; consider the risks of untreated depression when discontinuing or changing treatment with antidepressant medication during pregnancy and postpartum

              Exposure in late pregnancy may lead to increased risk for neonatal complications requiring prolonged hospitalization, respiratory support, and tube feeding, and/or persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN); monitor neonates who were exposed to therapy in third trimester of pregnancy for PPHN and drug discontinuation syndrome

              Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn

              • Potential risk of PPHN when used during pregnancy
              • Initial public health advisory in 2006 was based on a single published study; since then, there have been conflicting findings from new studies, making it unclear whether use of SSRIs during pregnancy can cause PPHN
              • FDA has reviewed the additional new study results and has concluded that, given the conflicting results from different studies, it is premature to reach any conclusion about a possible link between SSRI use in pregnancy and PPHN
              • FDA recommendation: FDA advises health-care professionals not to alter their current clinical practice of treating depression during pregnancy and to report any adverse events to the FDA MedWatch program

              Lactation

              There are no data on presence in human milk, effects on breastfed infant, or on milk production; however, drug is excreted in rat milk; developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with mother’s clinical need for therapy and any potential adverse effects on breastfed child from drug or from underlying maternal condition

              Pregnancy Categories

              A: Generally acceptable. Controlled studies in pregnant women show no evidence of fetal risk.

              B: May be acceptable. Either animal studies show no risk but human studies not available or animal studies showed minor risks and human studies done and showed no risk.

              C: Use with caution if benefits outweigh risks. Animal studies show risk and human studies not available or neither animal nor human studies done.

              D: Use in LIFE-THREATENING emergencies when no safer drug available. Positive evidence of human fetal risk.

              X: Do not use in pregnancy. Risks involved outweigh potential benefits. Safer alternatives exist.

              NA: Information not available.

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              Pharmacology

              Mechanism of Action

              Mechanism of antidepressant effect is not fully understood, but may be related to serotonergic activity in the CNS through selective inhibition of serotonin reuptake; no effect on norepinephrine or dopamine reuptake

              Partial agonist of serotonergic 5-HT1A receptor whose activity may be altered in depression and anxiety

              Absorption

              Bioavailability: 72% (with food)

              Peak plasma time: 4-5 hr

              Peak plasma concentration: 156 ng/mL

              AUC: 1645 ng•h/mL

              Distribution

              Protein bound: 96-99%

              Metabolism

              Extensively metabolized through CYP and non-CYP pathways (possibly by carboxylesterase); CYP3A4 is primarily responsible for its metabolism among CYP pathways, with minor contributions from CYP2C19 and CYP2D6

              Elimination

              Half-life: 25 hr

              Excretion: Feces (2% unchanged), urine (1% unchanged)

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              Administration

              Instructions

              Take with food

              Administration in fasted state (without food) may decrease blood concentration (AUC) by up to 50% and may result in decreased effectiveness

              Discontinuing

              Gradually reduce dose rather than discontinue abruptly

              Taper from 40 mg/day to 20 mg/day for 4 days, followed by 10 mg/day7 for 3 days

              Patients taking 20 mg/day should be tapered to 10 mg/day for 7 days

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              Images

              BRAND FORM. UNIT PRICE PILL IMAGE
              Viibryd oral
              -
              40 mg tablet
              Viibryd oral
              -
              20 mg tablet
              Viibryd oral
              -
              10 mg tablet
              Viibryd oral
              -
              10 mg (7)- 20 mg (23) tablet

              Copyright © 2010 First DataBank, Inc.

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              Patient Handout

              Patient Education
              vilazodone oral

              VILAZODONE - ORAL

              (vil-AZ-oh-done)

              COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Viibryd

              WARNING: Antidepressant medications are used to treat a variety of conditions, including depression and other mental/mood disorders. These medications can help prevent suicidal thoughts/attempts and provide other important benefits. However, studies have shown that a small number of people (especially people younger than 25) who take antidepressants for any condition may experience worsening depression, other mental/mood symptoms, or suicidal thoughts/attempts. Therefore, it is very important to talk with the doctor about the risks and benefits of antidepressant medication (especially for people younger than 25), even if treatment is not for a mental/mood condition.Tell the doctor right away if you notice worsening depression/other psychiatric conditions, unusual behavior changes (including possible suicidal thoughts/attempts), or other mental/mood changes (including new/worsening anxiety, panic attacks, trouble sleeping, irritability, hostile/angry feelings, impulsive actions, severe restlessness, very rapid speech). Be especially watchful for these symptoms when a new antidepressant is started or when the dose is changed.

              USES: Vilazodone is used to treat depression. It is an SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) and partial serotonin receptor agonist. It works by helping to restore the balance of certain natural substances in the brain (neurotransmitters such as serotonin). This medication may improve your mood, sleep, appetite, and energy level and may help restore your interest in daily living.

              HOW TO USE: Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start taking vilazodone and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.Take this medication by mouth with food as directed by your doctor, usually once daily. The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).To reduce your risk of side effects, your doctor may start you at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully. Do not take more or less medication or take it more often than prescribed. Your condition will not improve any faster and your risk of side effects will increase.Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.If you suddenly stop using this medication, you may have withdrawal symptoms (such as mood swings, headache, tiredness, sleep changes, ringing in the ears, seizures, numbness/tingling, "shock-like" feelings). To help prevent withdrawal, your doctor may lower your dose slowly. Withdrawal is more likely if you have used vilazodone for a long time or in high doses. Tell your doctor or pharmacist right away if you have withdrawal.Tell your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

              SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warning section.Diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, trouble sleeping, decreased interest in sex, or changes in sexual ability may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: numbness/tingling, tremor, restlessness, inability to keep still, difficulty concentrating, confusion, memory problems, weakness, unsteadiness, pounding heartbeat.Get medical help right away if you have any serious side effects, including: unusual or severe mental/mood changes (such as agitation, thoughts of suicide), bloody/black/tarry stools, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, easy bruising/bleeding, seizures, eye pain/swelling/redness, widened pupils, vision changes (such as seeing rainbows around lights at night, blurred vision).This medication may increase serotonin and rarely cause a very serious condition called serotonin syndrome/toxicity. The risk increases if you are also taking other drugs that increase serotonin, so tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs you take (see Drug Interactions section). Get medical help right away if you develop some of the following symptoms: fast heartbeat, hallucinations, loss of coordination, severe dizziness, severe nausea/vomiting/diarrhea, twitching muscles, unexplained fever, unusual agitation/restlessness.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

              PRECAUTIONS: Before taking vilazodone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: personal or family history of bipolar/manic-depressive disorder, personal or family history of suicide attempts, stomach/intestinal ulcers, seizures, personal or family history of glaucoma (angle-closure type).This drug may make you dizzy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more dizzy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug. They are more likely to develop a salt imbalance (hyponatremia), especially if they are also taking "water pills" (diuretics) with this medication. Salt imbalance can increase the risk of falling.During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. It may harm an unborn baby. Also, babies born to mothers who have used this drug during the last 3 months of pregnancy may rarely develop withdrawal symptoms such as feeding/breathing difficulties, seizures, muscle stiffness, or constant crying. If you notice any of these symptoms in your newborn, tell the doctor promptly.Since untreated mental/mood problems (such as depression) can be a serious condition, do not stop taking this medication unless directed by your doctor. If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy.It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

              DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.Some products that may interact with this drug include: drugs that can cause bleeding/bruising (such as aspirin, antiplatelet drugs such as clopidogrel, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen, "blood thinners" such as heparin, warfarin).Aspirin can increase the risk of bleeding when used with this medication. However, if your doctor has directed you to take low-dose aspirin for heart attack or stroke prevention (usually 81-162 milligrams a day), you should continue taking it unless your doctor instructs you otherwise. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.Taking MAO inhibitors with this medication may cause a serious (possibly fatal) drug interaction. Avoid taking MAO inhibitors (isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine, rasagiline, safinamide, selegiline, tranylcypromine) during treatment with this medication. Most MAO inhibitors should also not be taken for two weeks before and after treatment with this medication. Ask your doctor when to start or stop taking this medication.The risk of serotonin syndrome/toxicity increases if you are also taking other drugs that increase serotonin. Examples include street drugs such as MDMA/"ecstasy," St. John's wort, certain antidepressants (including other SSRIs such as fluoxetine/paroxetine, SNRIs such as duloxetine/venlafaxine), tryptophan, among others. The risk of serotonin syndrome/toxicity may be more likely when you start or increase the dose of these drugs.This medication may interfere with certain medical/laboratory tests (including brain scan for Parkinson's disease), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

              OVERDOSE: If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.

              NOTES: Do not share this medication with others.Keep all regular medical and psychiatric appointments. Medical/psychiatric check-ups should be done periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.

              MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

              STORAGE: Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

              Information last revised March 2021. Copyright(c) 2021 First Databank, Inc.

              IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

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              Formulary

              FormularyPatient Discounts

              Adding plans allows you to compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.

              To view formulary information first create a list of plans. Your list will be saved and can be edited at any time.

              Adding plans allows you to:

              • View the formulary and any restrictions for each plan.
              • Manage and view all your plans together – even plans in different states.
              • Compare formulary status to other drugs in the same class.
              • Access your plan list on any device – mobile or desktop.

              The above information is provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Individual plans may vary and formulary information changes. Contact the applicable plan provider for the most current information.

              Tier Description
              1 This drug is available at the lowest co-pay. Most commonly, these are generic drugs.
              2 This drug is available at a middle level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "preferred" (on formulary) brand drugs.
              3 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs.
              4 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
              5 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
              6 This drug is available at a higher level co-pay. Most commonly, these are "non-preferred" brand drugs or specialty prescription products.
              NC NOT COVERED – Drugs that are not covered by the plan.
              Code Definition
              PA Prior Authorization
              Drugs that require prior authorization. This restriction requires that specific clinical criteria be met prior to the approval of the prescription.
              QL Quantity Limits
              Drugs that have quantity limits associated with each prescription. This restriction typically limits the quantity of the drug that will be covered.
              ST Step Therapy
              Drugs that have step therapy associated with each prescription. This restriction typically requires that certain criteria be met prior to approval for the prescription.
              OR Other Restrictions
              Drugs that have restrictions other than prior authorization, quantity limits, and step therapy associated with each prescription.
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              Medscape prescription drug monographs are based on FDA-approved labeling information, unless otherwise noted, combined with additional data derived from primary medical literature.