Fast Five Quiz: Are You Prepared for a Hypertensive Emergency?

Ali A. Sovari, MD

Disclosures

July 02, 2014

Malignant hypertension and accelerated hypertension are both hypertensive emergencies, with similar outcomes and therapies. Accelerated hypertension is defined as a recent significant increase over baseline blood pressure that is associated with target organ damage. This is usually seen as vascular damage during funduscopic examination (eg, flame-shaped hemorrhages, soft exudates) without papilledema. To diagnose malignant hypertension, papilledema (swelling of the optic disc) must be present.

For more on the diagnosis of hypertensive emergencies, read here.

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