Type 2 diabetes is chronic hyperglycemia resulting from insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion, combined with excessive or inappropriate glucagon secretion. Although type 2 diabetes is most prevalent in the United States and Western nations, its rates are increasing worldwide, primarily due to the adoption of Western lifestyles and subsequent increasing rates of obesity.
Estimates from the International Diabetes Federation suggest that approximately over half a billion adults are living with diabetes worldwide; by 2045, this number is expected to rise to 700 million. Type 2 diabetes is often a contributing cause of death, and leads to cardiovascular, renal, neuropathic, and retinal disease. Despite the prevalence and high rates of morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes, many patients are initially asymptomatic and their disease is undiagnosed for years. Astute clinicians promote screening and early treatment, thereby improving outcomes.
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Cite this: Romesh Khardori, Anne L. Peters. Fast Five Quiz: How Well Do You Know the Risk Factors and Treatment Indications for Type 2 Diabetes? - Medscape - Dec 19, 2022.