Fast Five Quiz: How Well Do You Know the Risk Factors and Treatment Indications for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD


January 21, 2022

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) leads to insulin resistance and is a major risk factor for the development of type 2 DM. Other major risk factors for type 2 DM include:

  • History of gestational diabetes mellitus or of delivering a baby with a birth weight of over 9 lb

  • History of previous impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG)

  • Hypertension (> 140/90 mm Hg) or dyslipidemia (HDL cholesterol level < 40 mg/dL or triglyceride level > 150 mg/dL)

  • Age greater than 45 years (however, type 2 DM is occurring with increasing frequency in young individuals)

  • Family history of type 2 diabetes in a first-degree relative (eg, parent or sibling)

  • Hispanic, Native American, African American, Asian American, or Pacific Islander ethnicity

  • Weight greater than 120% of desirable body weight


Learn more about risk factors for type 2 DM.


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