Fast Five Quiz: How Well Do You Know the Risk Factors and Treatment Indications for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD

Disclosures

April 25, 2017

The major risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus are the following:

  • Age greater than 45 years (though type 2 diabetes mellitus is occurring with increasing frequency in young individuals)

  • Weight greater than 120% of desirable body weight

  • Family history of type 2 diabetes in a first-degree relative (eg, parent or sibling)

  • Hispanic, Native American, African American, Asian American, or Pacific Islander descent

  • History of previous impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose

  • Hypertension (>140/90 mm Hg) or dyslipidemia (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level <40 mg/dL or triglyceride level >150 mg/dL)

  • History of gestational diabetes mellitus or of delivering a baby with a birth weight of over 9 lb

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (which results in insulin resistance)

Some studies suggest that environmental pollutants may play a role in the development and progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus. A structured and planned platform is needed to fully explore the diabetes-inducing potential of environmental pollutants.

For more on the risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus, read here.

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