Fast Five Quiz: How Well Do You Know the Risk Factors and Treatment Indications for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD

Disclosures

January 21, 2022

According to updated recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force, nonpregnant adults 35-70 years of age who have overweight or obesity (defined as a body mass index [BMI] greater than or equal to 25 and 30, respectively) should be screened for type 2 DM. The Task Force also recommends that clinicians consider screening certain individuals at an earlier age, specifically persons from groups with disproportionately high incidence and prevalence of type 2 DM (ie, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian American, Black, Hispanic/Latino, or Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander persons) or persons who have a family history of diabetes, a history of gestational diabetes, or a history of PCOS. Additionally, screening at a lower BMI (23 or greater) and an earlier age in Asian Americans is suggested. A calculator for diabetes risk score may also aid clinicians in selecting patients for screening.

Patients younger than age 30 years are not routinely screened for type 2 DM based solely on self-reported dietary concerns.

Patients with type 1 DM since childhood would not be screened for type 2 DM.

Learn more about screening recommendations for asymptomatic patients.

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