Fast Five Quiz: Can You Confront Heart Failure?

Wai Hong Wilson Tang, MD; Yasmine S. Ali, MD

Disclosures

May 19, 2021

Specific underlying factors cause various forms of heart failure, such as systolic heart failure (most commonly, left ventricular [LV] systolic dysfunction), heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), acute heart failure, high-output heart failure, and right heart failure.

Underlying causes of systolic heart failure include the following:

  • Coronary artery disease

  • Diabetes mellitus

  • Hypertension

  • Valvular heart disease (stenosis or regurgitant lesions)

  • Arrhythmia (supraventricular or ventricular)

  • Infections and inflammation (myocarditis)

  • Peripartum cardiomyopathy

  • Congenital heart disease

  • Drugs (either recreational, such as alcohol and cocaine, or therapeutic drugs with cardiac side effects, such as doxorubicin)

  • Idiopathic cardiomyopathy

  • Rare conditions (endocrine abnormalities, rheumatologic disease, neuromuscular conditions)

Learn more about the etiology of heart failure.

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