Fast Five Quiz: How Much Do You Know About Asthma?

Zab Mosenifar, MD


June 04, 2019

Factors that can contribute to asthma or airway hyperreactivity may include any of the following:

  • Environmental allergens (eg, house dust mites; animal allergens, especially cat and dog; cockroach allergens; and fungi);

  • Viral respiratory tract infections;

  • Exercise, hyperventilation;

  • GERD;

  • Chronic sinusitis or rhinitis;

  • Aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug hypersensitivity, sulfite sensitivity;

  • Use of beta-adrenergic receptor blockers (including ophthalmic preparations);

  • Obesity;

  • Environmental pollutants, tobacco smoke;

  • Occupational exposure;

  • Irritants (eg, household sprays, paint fumes);

  • Various high- and low-molecular-weight compounds (eg, insects, plants, latex, gums, diisocyanates, anhydrides, wood dust, and fluxes; associated with occupational asthma);

  • Emotional factors or stress; and

  • Perinatal factors (prematurity and increased maternal age; maternal smoking and prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke; breastfeeding has not been definitively shown to be protective).

For more on the etiology of asthma, read here.


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